NSRD Publications Archive - 2013
Since the 1944 passage of the original GI Bill, the military has provided veterans with a collection of benefits to help them attend college. However, issues such as rising tuition costs; an increasing presence of low-quality, for-profit institutions that target veterans; and a potentially confusing array of benefit options could mitigate program impact. This report contextualizes these issues and formulates a research agenda to address them.
Assessment of Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) Training Activity — 2013
The Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) carries out training activities both as part of its equipment and system development responsibilities and its responsibility to "train the force" in IED threats and countermeasures. This report assesses whether JIEDDO's programs and functions may be duplicative with those of the military Services, U.S. Special Operations Command, and other agencies.
Out of the Shadows: The Health and Well-Being of Private Contractors Working in Conflict Environments — 2013
Private contractors have been deployed extensively around the globe for the past decade and may be exposed to many of the stressors that are known to have physical and mental health implications for military personnel. Results from a RAND survey offer preliminary findings about the mental and physical health of contractors, their deployment experiences, and their access to and use of health care resources.
A diverse workforce can enhance the responsiveness and effectiveness across the U.S. Coast Guard's mission scope, but differences can also divide teams to the detriment of a goal or even the entire organization. Going forward, Coast Guard leaders will benefit from specific training and guidance to bring out the best from work groups consisting of men and women of different ethnic, racial, and functional backgrounds on a daily basis.
Toppling Qaddafi is a carefully researched, highly readable look at the role of the United States and NATO in Libya's war of liberation and its lessons for future military interventions. Based on extensive interviews within the U.S. government, this book recounts the story of how the United States and its European allies went to war against Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, why they won the war, and what the implications for NATO, Europe, and Libya will be.
Review of Security Cooperation Mechanisms Combatant Commands Utilize to Build Partner Capacity — 2013
Security cooperation is an important instrument of the U.S. government for advancing national security objectives vis-à-vis allies and partner countries. This report characterizes security cooperation mechanisms for capacity-building, produces a detailed database of the mechanism elements, develops and applies a preliminary means of evaluating select mechanisms, and recommends ways to improve mechanism effectiveness and efficiency.
Testimony presented before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade on November 20, 2013.
First Steps Toward Improving DoD STEM Workforce Diversity: Response to the 2012 Department of Defense STEM Diversity Summit — 2013
In November 2012, Department of Defense (DoD) leaders held a two-day summit on improving diversity within the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce. This report supports the efforts of the DoD STEM Diversity Summit by examining current STEM demographics, surveying current DoD programs and initiatives to improve STEM diversity, and offering recommendations for DoD leaders to consider as they move forward with their efforts to diversify the STEM workforce.
This brief describes an assessment of how geospatial and sociocultural characteristics may help predict the timing and targets of terrorist attacks.
Recent RAND research identified practices and contextual factors associated with greater or lesser degrees of success in security cooperation. A related diagnostic tool maximizes the utility of these analyses and can help defense planners identify potential mismatches between security cooperation funding, priorities, and propensity for success with a given country.
Ending the U.S. War in Iraq: The Final Transition, Operational Maneuver, and Disestablishment of United States Forces-Iraq — 2013
Ending the U.S. war in Iraq required redeploying 100,000 military and civilian personnel; handing off responsibility for 431 activities to the Iraqi government, U.S. embassy, USCENTCOM, or other U.S. government entities; and moving or transferring ownership of over a million pieces of property in accordance with U.S. and Iraqi laws, national policy, and DoD requirements. This book examines the planning and execution of this transition.
Smooth Transitions? Lessons Learned from Transferring U.S. Military Responsibilities to Civilian Authorities in Iraq — 2013
This brief outlines policy and planning lessons that have been encapsulated in a study of the U.S. military's transition out of Iraq at the end of 2011 and the handover of property and responsibilities to Embassy Baghdad and the government of Iraq.
This report assesses in what ways and to what degree unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) are suitable for supporting U.S. Navy missions and functions. It briefly characterizes the current and emerging USV marketplaces to provide a baseline for near-term capabilities, describes USV concepts of employment to support diverse U.S. Navy missions and functions, and evaluates these concepts of employment to identify specific missions and functions for which they are highly suitable.
Implementing risk management principles for large defense acquisition programs is a priority for the U.S. defense acquisition community. To assist decisionmakers responsible for identifying major weapons programs' risks, RAND developed a methodology and accompanying Excel risk tool (the "Assessor Tool"). It offers an approach to the evaluation of system integration risk for assessors such as Office of the Secretary of Defense staff.
Implementing risk management principles for large defense acquisition programs is a priority for the U.S. defense acquisition community. To assist decisionmakers responsible for identifying major weapons programs' risks, RAND developed a methodology, an Excel risk tool (the "Assessor Tool"), and this users' manual. The tool offers an approach to the evaluation of system integration risk for defense staff assessors.