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The Leahy laws prohibit U.S. assistance to foreign security forces that have committed gross violations of human rights. This report analyzes the vetting process that helps the Department of Defense implement these laws and recommends improvements.
Feb 17, 2017
Michael McNerney, Jonah Blank, Becca Wasser, Jeremy Boback, Alexander Stephenson
We assessed investments in early childhood programs in New Hampshire, summarizing benefits and economic returns of three early intervention strategies and estimating costs and benefits of statewide investments in programs for at-risk children.
This executive summary presents the key findings of the fiscal year (FY) 2016 assessment of the Civilian Acquisition Workforce Personnel Demonstration Project mandated in the National Defense Authorization Act of FY 2011.
Feb 15, 2017
Jennifer Lamping Lewis, Laura Werber, Cameron Wright, Irina Danescu, Jessica J. Hwang, Lindsay Daugherty
This report documents the need for early childhood investment in New Hampshire; examines evidence of effectiveness for high-quality home visiting, child care, and preschool programs; and estimates economic returns in the state for effective programs.
Police body-worn cameras (BWCs) are an increasingly prominent research area in criminal justice. This trend mirrors current practice, with more and more law enforcement agencies implementing or procuring BWCs. This article offers a more robust theoretical composition for the causal mechanisms that can explain the efficacy of BWCs.
Feb 13, 2017
Barak Ariel, Alex Sutherland, Darren Henstock, Josh Young, Gabriela Sosinski
This article shares learning from the experience of conducting a participatory, real-time, âtheory drivenâ evaluation of the African Institutions Initiative, a Wellcome Trust-funded programme that aimed to build sustainable health research capacity in Africa at institutional and network levels, across seven research consortia.
Feb 13, 2017
Sonja Marjanovic, Gavin Cochrane, Enora Robin, Nelson Sewankambo, Alex Ezeh, Nyirenda Moffat, Bassirou Bonfoh, Mark Rweyemamu, Joanna Chataway
Biomedical research can have impacts on patient care at research-active hospitals. We qualitatively evaluated the impact of the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (Oxford BRC), a university-hospital partnership, on the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare in local hospitals.
Feb 10, 2017
Catherine Lichten, Grace Marsden, Alexandra Pollitt, Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Keith M. Channon, Jon Sussex
Surgeons successfully delivered a brief smoking cessation intervention to patients preparing for peripheral artery disease surgery; initial results suggest the pre-surgery period may be a “teachable moment” for encouraging patients to quit smoking.
Feb 9, 2017
Philip Goodney, Emily Spangler, Karina Newhall, Benjamin S. Brooke, Andres Schanzer, Tze-Woei Tan, Adam W. Beck, John H. Hallett, Todd A. MacKenzie, Maria Orlando Edelen, Andrew W. Hoel, Nancy A. Rigotti, Alik Farber
This report evaluates the capabilities, challenges, and future options for the Maui High Performance Computing Center, providing important context about the center as decisionmakers work toward resolving its budget gap.
Feb 9, 2017
William IV Welser, Dave Baiocchi, Osonde A. Osoba, Christina Steiner
This study deals with the "burn-in" process. In this process, items whose failure rate is assumed to decrease with time are put on test (burnt-in) until a fixed amount of time has elapsed (truncated sampling) or until a fixed number of failures have occurred (censored sampling).
Feb 9, 2017
Richard E. Barlow, Frank Proschan, Ernest M. Scheuer
In this third paper in a series addressing Syria's conflict, RAND researchers examine how recent developments in Syria and the region reinforce the prospects for a national ceasefire based upon agreed zones of control backed by external powers.