A Literature Review

by Stephen J. Carroll, Ethan Scherer

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Abstract

A group of Santa Monica community leaders and leaders of the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District (SMMUSD) asked RAND to summarize what existing policy studies had found about the impact of educational quality on a community. This briefing, presented to SMMUSD officials in February 2008, is a transcript of that summary. It provides an overview of empirical research on the effects that education has on a community, including the impacts that education has on health, crime, civic participation, and especially the economy, as educational quality is positively associated with employment and earnings, housing values, and tax revenues.

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This work was cosponsored by the Office of the President of RAND and RAND Education. The research was conducted by RAND Education, a division of the RAND Corporation.

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