Cover: The Value of Screening for Sexually Transmitted Diseases in an HIV Clinic

The Value of Screening for Sexually Transmitted Diseases in an HIV Clinic

Published in: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, v. 33, no. 5, Aug. 15, 2003, p. 642-648

by Thomas Farley, Deborah Cohen, Shin-Yi Wu, Ceryl Lynn Besch

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.jaids.com

This study was published in a peer-reviewed scholarly journal. The full text of the study can be found at the link above.

Abstract

Because bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) facilitate HIV transmission, screening for and treatment of STDs among HIV-infected persons should prevent HIV spread to partners. Before screening programs for gonorrhea and Chlamydia infection should be widely established in HIV clinics, it is useful to know the prevalence of these infections. This study analyzed the results of a urine-based screening program for gonorrhea and Chlamydia in a New Orleans HIV clinic and compared the positivity rates to the prevalence in the local community. Among persons screened in the HIV clinic, 1.7% (46/2629) had gonorrhea and 2.1% (56/2629) had Chlamydia infection. Among persons aged 18-29 years, the test positivity for gonorrhea was similar in the HIV clinic to that of persons in sociodemographically similar community samples (3.1 versus 2.4%, adjusted odds ratio 1.6, P = 0.11) and the test positivity for Chlamydia infection was lower (5.4% versus 10.5%, adjusted odds ratio 0.6, P < 0.01). Based on a previously published mathematical model, it was estimated that treatment of all 46 gonorrhea and 56 Chlamydia infections in the HIV clinic may have averted 9 HIV infections among sex partners and saved far more in future medical costs than the cost of the screening. Routine screening for gonorrhea and Chlamydia infection should be considered in HIV clinics.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.