Cover: Maximizing Local Effect of HIV Prevention Resources

Maximizing Local Effect of HIV Prevention Resources

Published in: Contagion, v. 2, no. 3, Mar. 2005, p. 127-132

by Shin-Yi Wu, Deborah Cohen, Lu Shi, Thomas Farley

Abstract

Comparing estimates of the cost-effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) interventions can help communities select an HIV prevention portfolio to meet local needs efficiently. The authors developed a spreadsheet tool to estimate the relative cost-effectiveness of 26 HIV prevention interventions. HIV prevalence of the population at risk and the cost per person reached were the two most important factors determining cost-effectiveness. In low-prevalence populations, the most cost-effective interventions had a low per-person cost. Among the most cost-effective interventions overall were showing videos in sexually transmitted disease clinics and raising alcohol taxes.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.