Afghanistan's Growing Security Challenge

Published In: State Building, Security, and Social Change In Afghanistan: Reflections On a Survey of the Afghan People (Washington, D.C. : The Asia Foundation, 2008), Chapter 2, p. 27-44

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2008

by Seth G. Jones

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This chapter examines the security situation in Afghanistan, and asks three questions. What are Afghan perceptions of the security environment? How do these perceptions vary across the country? How do Afghans feel about their security institutions, especially the Afghan National Police (ANP) and Afghan National Army (ANA)? The chapter argues that Afghans continue to believe that insecurity is the most significant problem facing their country. Indeed, insecurity currently engulfs over half the country in an arc that covers much of western, southern, and eastern portions of the country. But there are some positive trends. For example, perceptions of Afghan security forces are fairly positive. Afghans appear particularly supportive of the ANA and the ANP, and perceptions of corruption in the ANP have also improved over the past several years. Continued focus must be maintained on building the capacity of the Afghan security forces to ensure the security of the Afghan population, especially in the most insecure areas of the country.

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