'Beyond Procedural Justice'

The Significance of Personal and Community Relationships in Countering Terrorist Recruitment

Published in: NATO Science for Peace and Security Series - E: Human and Societal Dynamics. Vol. 125: Countering Terrorist Recruitment in the Context of Armed Counter-Terrorism Operations, Mar. 2 / Ekici, S., Akdoğan, H., Ragab, E., Ekici, A., Warnes, R. (Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2016), p. 221-238

Posted on RAND.org on March 09, 2016

by Richard Warnes

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The Procedural Justice Model has traditionally been associated with the fields of sociology and criminology as a means for those representing the criminal justice system, in particular the police, to interact and engage with local communities, build trust, develop legitimacy and establish institutional authority. However, in the context of domestic counter-terrorism, such concepts can provide the bedrock and basis for the awareness and input of 'unlikely counter-terrorists' from within the local community, the recruitment of sources for 'Human Intelligence' (HUMINT) and the development of a more permissive operational environment. Additionally, since such 'human centric' measures begin with the development of personal relationships with members of the local community, they are eminently transferable to overseas environments where armed counter-terrorism operations are being conducted. It is argued that such measures can prove critical in countering terrorist recruitment.

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