Programa Bolsa Familia Y Frecuencia Escolar

Un Analisis Con El Censo Demografico De Brasil De 2010

Published in: Politica y Sociedad, Vol 52, No 3 (2015), pages 741-769. doi: 10.5209/rev_POSO.2015.v52.n3.45522

Posted on RAND.org on May 11, 2017

by Ernesto F. L. Amaral, Guilherme Quaresma Goncalves

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The Bolsa Familia Program goal is to promote social development and poverty reduction, through the direct transfer of conditional cash, in association with other social programs. This study aims to analyze whether Bolsa Familia had an association with children's school attendance, which is one of the educational conditions of the program. Our main hypothesis is that children living in households receiving Bolsa Familia had greater chances of attending school. Data from the Ministry of Social Development and Combating Famine indicated that children living in households with Bolsa Familia had greater school enrolment levels. By using data from the 2010 Demographic Census, collected by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), some descriptive analyzes and binary logistic regression models were performed for different thresholds of household per capita income. These estimates were made by comparing children who lived in households receiving Bolsa Familia to those children not receiving the program. We took into consideration characteristics about the household, mothers, and children. The results were clustered by the municipality of residence of the child. In all income thresholds, children benefiting from Bolsa Familia were more likely to be enrolled in school, compared to children not receiving the benefit.

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