The Implications of the September 11 Terrorist Attacks for California

A Collection of Issue Papers

by K. Jack Riley, Bruce W. Bennett, Mark Hanson, Stephen J. Carroll, Lloyd Dixon, Scott Gerwehr, Russell W. Glenn, Jamison Jo Medby, John V. Parachini

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Abstract

RAND has been instrumental in developing a line of research regarding terrorism. This collection of issue papers extends that research. Although the issue papers focus on California, the lessons are drawn from experience in various parts of the United States and from other countries, and they clearly have national implications. Each issue paper focuses on a different policy aspect. Three focus on the economy, including the effects of September 11 on the travel and tourism industry in California, on the U.S. airline industry in relation to the California economy, and on the possible limited availability of insurance on California’s economy. Others address California’s preparedness for attacks by weapons of mass destruction, access and control of dangerous biological materials, and California’s capabilities for coping with the psychological effects of terrorism. This collection of issue papers compellingly illustrates that there is work to be done to improve our understanding of terrorism’s longer-term effects, but that some of the consequences feared in the initial days and weeks after the attacks of September 11, 2001, are not likely to materialize. In both these regards, research will continue to play a vital role in shaping the development of appropriate long-term policy responses.

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND Public Safety and Justice.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation issue paper series. The issue paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003 that contained early data analysis, an informed perspective on a topic, or a discussion of research directions, not necessarily based on published research. The issue paper was meant to be a vehicle for quick dissemination intended to stimulate discussion in a policy community.

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