Examining Possible Causes of Gulf War Illness: RAND Policy Investigations and Reviews of the Scientific Literature
Nov 25, 2005
Note: Many electronic documents posted prior to 2003 are available as chapter PDFs or HTML files linked from the Contents.
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This report documents the results of a telephone survey of 2,005 Gulf War veterans investigating the use of pesticides during Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm. Respondents statistically represented the U.S. military population in the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations between August 1990 and July 1991. Survey results characterized pesticide use by U.S. service members, including personal and field use of pesticides, as well as observed pesticide use by others. Information was obtained for living, working, and eating areas for a randomly chosen month of deployment. Results show that the majority of personnel were exposed to some pesticides, and there were differences in use by service; small differences by season and by rank, and larger differences by living arrangements. Possible cases of misuse of some pesticides were identified. However, with the exception of the use of flea collars, these cases could also be attributed to incorrect pesticide identification. The authors found no evidence of widespread misuse of field pesticides.
A Note on Trade Names PDF
Survey and Sample Description PDF
Survey Results PDF
Living Conditions and Variations in Pesticide Use PDF
Potential Misuse or Overuse of Pesticides PDF
Main Survey Instrument PDF
Definition of the Sampling Frame and Sample PDF
Analytic Methods PDF
Evaluating Recall Bias PDF