The Demographic Dividend

A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change

by David Bloom, David Canning, Jaypee Sevilla

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Abstract

There is long-standing debate on how population growth affects national economies. A new report from Population Matters examines the history of this debate and synthesizes current research on the topic. The authors, led by Harvard economist David Bloom, conclude that population age structure, more than size or growth per se, affects economic development, and that reducing high fertility can create opportunities for economic growth if the right kinds of educational, health, and labor-market policies are in place. The report also examines specific regions of the world and how their differing policy environments have affected the relationship between population change and economic development.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    The Debate Over the Effects of Population Growth on Economic Growth

  • Chapter Two

    Demographic Transitions and the “Demographic Dividend”

  • Chapter Three

    Case Studies of Population Change and Economic Growth

  • Chapter Four

    The Importance of the Policy Environment

  • Chapter Five

    Conclusions

Research conducted by

The research described in this report was supported by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the United Nations Population Fund. The research was performed within the Population Matters program under the auspices of RAND's Labor and Population Program.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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