The Effect of No-Fault Automobile Insurance on Driver Behavior and Automobile Accidents in the United States

by David S. Loughran

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Abstract

No-fault auto insurance opponents frequently argue that no-fault may ultimately lead to higher auto insurance costs by reducing drivers' incentives to drive carefully and thereby increasing the accident rate. The intuition behind this criticism of no-fault is simple: No-fault auto insurance lowers the cost of driving negligently by limiting first-party liability for the injuries suffered by third-parties in auto accidents. This book evaluates this criticism of no-fault by examining trends in fatal and non-fatal automobile accidents rates and rates of driver negligence in the United States between 1967 and 1989. Contrary to some earlier research, the author finds no evidence that the adoption of no-fault auto insurance between 1971 and 1976 in 16 states increased fatal accident rates in those states. This book also finds no correlation between the presence of no-fault auto insurance and a state's overall accident rate or rate of driver negligence.

Table of Contents

  • Preface PDF

  • Figures PDF

  • Tables PDF

  • Summary PDF

  • Acknowledgements

    Acknowledgments PDF

  • Acronyms PDF

  • Chapter 1

    Introduction PDF

  • Chapter 2

    The Relationship Between No-Fault Insurance and Driver Behavior PDF

  • Chapter 3

    Three Tests of the No-Fault Hypothesis PDF

  • Chapter 4

    Conclusions PDF

  • Appendix A

    Factors Contributing to Fatal Accidents PDF

  • Bibliography PDF

This research was conducted within the RAND Institute for Civil Justice.

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