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Test-based accountability systems that attach high stakes to standardized test results have raised a number of issues on educational assessment and accountability. Do these high-stakes tests measure student achievement accurately? How can policymakers and educators attach the right consequences to the results of these tests? And what kinds of tradeoffs do these testing policies introduce? This book responds to the growing emphasis on high-stakes testing and offers recommendations for more-effective test-based accountability systems.

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Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Tests and Their Use in Test-Based Accountability Systems

  • Chapter Three

    Technical Criteria for Evaluating Tests

  • Chapter Four

    Consequences of Large-Scale, High-Stakes Testing on School and Classroom Practice

  • Chapter Five

    Accountability As Seen Through a Political Lens

  • Chapter Six

    Improving Test-Based Accountability

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The material in this book is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation and conducted by RAND Education.

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