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Abstract

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a military space system operated by the U.S. Air Force that continuously broadcasts precise time signals. These signals can be used worldwide to aid position location, navigation, and timing. GPS is an information resource that supports a wide range of civil, scientific, and commercial functions as well as U.S. forces. National policy toward GPS has not, however, kept pace with the system’s rapidly expanding international uses. This study identifies major opportunities and vulnerabilities created by GPS for U.S. defense, commercial, and foreign policy interests, and makes recommendations for U.S. policy toward GPS, including future governance and funding. If the United States promotes GPS as a global standard, it should address the dual-use nature of the technology through international agreements. If the United States becomes an unreliable steward for GPS, it risks losing the economic and diplomatic benefits from past investments in this technology.

Table of Contents

  • Preface PDF

  • Figures PDF

  • Tables PDF

  • Summary PDF

  • Acknowledgements

    Acknowledgments PDF

  • Acronyms PDF

  • Chapter One

    Introduction PDF

  • Chapter Two

    National Interests and Stakeholders in GPS Policy PDF

  • Chapter Three

    National Security Assessment PDF

  • Chapter Four

    Commercial Assessment PDF

  • Chapter Five

    Institutional and Legal Assessment PDF

  • Chapter Six

    Conclusions and Recommendations PDF

  • Appendix A

    GPS Technologies and Alternatives PDF

  • Appendix B

    GPS History, Chronology, and Budgets PDF

  • Appendix C

    GPS Policy References PDF

  • Appendix D

    International Legal References for GPS PDF

  • Bibliography PDF

  • GPS Interviews PDF

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