Improving Student Achievement
What State NAEP Test Scores Tell Us
Why do students have different achievement levels across states? Is math achievement improving across states? Differences in average achievement levels across states are mainly traceable to differing family characteristics. However, students from similar families also score differently across states. These differences are related to differences in resource levels and in how resources are spent. States with high spending per pupil, lower pupil-teacher ratios, higher participation in public prekindergarten and higher reported teacher resources have higher achievement. Disadvantaged children are the most sensitive to low resource, and additional resources could substantially their scores. Between-state, rather than within-state, differences in resources appear to be the main reason for inequitable resource levels for students of lower socioeconomic status. The conclusion is that significant math gains are occurring across most states that cannot be traced to resource changes, that the rate of gain varies significantly by state, and that reform efforts are the likely cause of these gains. The results certainly challenge the traditional view of public education as unreformable.
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- Copyright: RAND Corporation
- Availability: Available
- Print Format: Paperback
- Paperback Pages: 312
- List Price: $20.00
- Paperback Price: $16.00
- Paperback ISBN/EAN: 0-8330-2561-9
- Document Number: MR-924-EDU
- Year: 2000
- Series: Monograph Reports
The State NAEP Achievement Results and State Family and Educational Characteristics
Review of the Literature
Trends in State Scores
Estimating Scores Across States for Students from Similar Families
Effects of State Educational Policies
Assessing the Cost-Effectiveness of Different Resource Utilizations
State NAEP Test Scores and State Family and Educational System Characteristics
NAEP Exclusion and Participation Rates
Sources of Bias
The Tennessee Experiment
Family Variable Development
Statistical Results for Estimating State Trends
Statistical Results for Estimating Score Differences for Students from Similar Families Across States
Statistical Results for Estimating Effects of State Policy and Educational Characteristics
Robust Regression Results
Making Cost-Effectiveness Estimates from the Tennessee Class-Size Experiment
Regression Cost Estimates
The research described in this report was supported by the ExxonMobil Foundation, the Danforth Foundation, the NAEP Secondary Analysis Program, and the Center for Research on Educational Excellence and Diversity and was conducted by RAND Education.
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