Evaluating the Reliability of Emergency Response Systems for Large-Scale Incident Operations
The ability to measure emergency preparedness — to predict the likely performance of emergency response systems in future events — is critical for policy analysis in homeland security. Yet it remains difficult to know how prepared a response system is to deal with large-scale incidents, whether it be a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or industrial or transportation accident. This research draws on the fields of systems analysis and engineering to apply the concept of system reliability to the evaluation of emergency response systems. The authors describe a method for modeling an emergency response system; identifying how individual parts of the system might fail; and assessing the likelihood of each failure and the severity of its effects on the overall response effort. The authors walk the reader through two applications of this method: a simplified example in which responders must deliver medical treatment to a certain number of people in a specified time window, and a more complex scenario involving the release of chlorine gas. The authors also describe an exploratory analysis in which they parsed a set of after-action reports describing real-world incidents, to demonstrate how this method can be used to quantitatively analyze data on past response performance. The authors conclude with a discussion of how this method of measuring emergency response system reliability could inform policy discussion of emergency preparedness, how system reliability might be improved, and the costs of doing so.
Download eBook for Free
|PDF file||2.9 MB||Best for desktop computers.|
|ePub file||9.8 MB||Best for mobile devices.
On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view ePub files. Calibre is an example of a free and open source e-book library management application.
|mobi file||3.5 MB||Best for Kindle 1-3.
On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view mobi files. Amazon Kindle is the most popular reader for mobi files.
|PDF file||0.2 MB|
RAND Chlorine Response Operation Model
|PDF file||0.1 MB|
- Copyright: RAND Corporation
- Availability: Available
- Print Format: Paperback
- Paperback Pages: 224
- List Price: $53.00
- Paperback Price: $42.40
- Paperback ISBN/EAN: 9780833050052
- Document Number: MG-994-FEMA
- Year: 2010
- Series: Monographs
Introduction: Measurement and Emergency Preparedness
Defining and Demonstrating Response Reliability Analysis
Describing a Chlorine Release Scenario and Relevant Response Parameters
A Simplified Model of an Emergency Response to a Chlorine Release
Exploring What Can Go Wrong During a Chlorine Response Operation: Identifying Relevant Failure Modes
Assessing the Probability, Effects, and Severity of Failure Modes: An Exploratory Analysis Using Response After-Action Reports
Approximating Response Reliability Curves
Correspondence Between the Chlorine Response Model Used in This Analysis and Other Ways of Categorizing or Organizing Response Operations
Description of Components of the RAND Chlorine Response Model Not Covered in the Text
Failure Trees for All Elements of the Response Model
Counts of Failure Modes Identified per Analyzed After-Action Report
List of After-Action Reports Reviewed and Analyzed
This research was sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and was conducted under the auspices of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center, a joint center of the RAND National Security Research Division and RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph series. RAND monographs present major research findings that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND monographs undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.