An assessment of ANZUS relations to be presented to a conference on this theme at the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, February 1970. Current relations are unusually good, but will be subjected to new strains in determining a revised counterbalance in Asia to a nuclear China. From a strategic assessment of this threat, idealized criteria for a counterbalance in the Pacific are determined. These criteria stress discriminating capabilities for controlled "city-sparing" nuclear responses. Conflicting proposals for national nuclear forces in Asia (H. Bull, A. Buchan) are opposed.
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