Methods of cost-effectiveness analysis can assist the planner in evaluating educational programs. This concept should be broadened to include "resource-effectiveness analysis," which can be divided into two study areas: resource analysis and analysis of effectiveness. Constructing a resource/cost model is suggested to handle the problems of resource allocation by relating the programs to resources and costs. Defining and measuring the effectiveness of an educational program must precede the analysis of cost-effectiveness of alternative programs. The complexity of the learning process requires the production of a set of measures or indicators. Questions remaining: What level of effectiveness is acceptable? Should the same criteria be applied to all students? Results of this resource-effectiveness analysis will be estimated measures of resource requirements, costs, and ranked aspects of effectiveness projected for each program and for alternative future environments. 15 pp. Bibliog.