SDI and/or arms control
This paper suggests a framework that relates U.S. policies regarding the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and arms control to fundamental objectives of U.S. security--deterring aggression and limiting damage should deterrence fail. The paper argues that an "early deployment" of a nationwide ballistic missile defense is unnecessary and might undermine, rather than strengthen, U.S. security. The United States should consider deployment of such defenses only when it becomes clear that they could fundamentally improve U.S. security by assuring national survival in the event of a nuclear attack. Because the weight of evidence indicates that assured survival would be feasible only in cooperation with the Soviet Union, the paper concludes that the SDI depends on arms control to be viable as anything more than a modest research program.