Cover: Military Manpower and the All-Volunteer Force

Military Manpower and the All-Volunteer Force

by Richard N. Cooper

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Part 1

Prefatory Material & Chapters 1-4

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Chapters 5-8

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Chapters 9-11

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Chapters 12-13

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Chapters 14-16 & Bibliography

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Abstract

An overview of the broad trends and policies that have emerged during the transition from the selective service draft to an all-volunteer military. The report is divided into three parts. Part I discusses the factors underlying the decision to end the draft. The analysis shows that the AVF was essentially the only viable alternative for eliminating the inequities of the draft. Part II examines the early AVF experience and concludes that the AVF has succeeded in attracting a socially representative mix of the desired quantity and quality of recruits at a substantially lower cost than is commonly assumed. Part III examines broader implications raised by the removal of the draft, showing that major changes in manpower utilization and management are required to provide an effective defense at a cost the American public is willing to pay, and that the removal of the draft provides an opportunity for making such changes.

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Table of Contents

  • Part 1

  • Preface

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgments

  • Figures

  • Tables

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Manpower and Defense: Dimensions of the Problem

  • Chapter Three

    The Move to End the Draft

  • Chapter Four

    Historical and International Perspective of Conscription

  • Part 2

  • Chapter Five

    The Economics of Peacetime Conscription

  • Chapter Six

    The Decision to End the Draft

  • Chapter Seven

    Transition to the Volunteer Force

  • Chapter Eight

    Manpower Procurement: Quantity and Quality

  • Part 3

  • Chapter Nine

    Enlistment Supply and Demand

  • Chapter Ten

    Social Representation in the Volunteer Force

  • Chapter Eleven

    Cost of the Volunteer Force

  • Part 4

  • Chapter Twelve

    Resource Allocation Without the Draft

  • Chapter Thirteen

    Resource Allocation: Manpower Requirements

  • Part 5

  • Chapter Fourteen

    Manpower Management in a Volunteer Environment

  • Chapter Fifteen

    Manpower Management: The Military Compensation System

  • Chapter Sixteen

    Defense Without the Draft

  • Bibliography

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