The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Indonesia

by Guy J. Pauker

Download

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2.7 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback72 pages $15.00 $12.00 20% Web Discount

Abstract

This historical analysis of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) focuses on its attempted coup of October 1965. One of the most formidable political organizations in Asia, PKI counted 20,000,000 supporters in 1965, after pursuing for 14 years a policy of collaboration with the government. The violence that erupted on October 1, 1965, with the assassination of six Army generals, climaxed the Party leadership's growing impatience with gradualism and heralded the Party's demise in Indonesia. Current evidence suggests that Party Chairman D. N. Aidit lost faith in Soviet "revisionism" and embraced Chinese Communism in 1963, after which he embarked the party on a militant course that was bound to collide with the Army, the only other significant political force in the country. Aidit engineered the October assassinations with secretly recruited collaborationist officers. Army reprisal was swift and comprehensive. Not only Aidit and his assistants, but also PKI cadres throughout Indonesia and hundreds of thousands of followers were killed in the attempted coup's aftermath. Driven underground, PKI continues to be harassed by the Army. It is questionable whether either Chinese or Soviet Communism will again be influential.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation research memorandum series. The Research Memorandum was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1973 that represented working papers meant to report current results of RAND research to appropriate audiences.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.