Capabilities-Based Planning for Energy Security at Department of Defense Installations

by Constantine Samaras, Henry H. Willis

Download

Download eBook for Free

Full Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.5 MB Best for desktop computers.

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or higher for the best experience.

ePub file 2.6 MB Best for mobile devices.

On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view ePub files. Calibre is an example of a free and open source e-book library management application.

mobi file 1.6 MB Best for Kindle 1-3.

On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view mobi files. Amazon Kindle is the most popular reader for mobi files.

Summary Only

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 7.0 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback60 pages $16.95 $13.56 20% Web Discount

Research Questions

  1. How can DoD evaluate choices to maintain adequate energy services to critical missions in the United States?
  2. How can DoD make tradeoff decisions to maintain capabilities during disruptions?

Abstract

Department of Defense (DoD) installations rely on the commercial electricity grid for 99 percent of their electricity needs, but extensive energy delivery outages in 2012 have reinforced that the U.S. electricity grid is vulnerable to disruptions from natural hazards and actor-induced outages, such as physical or cyber attacks. In the event of a catastrophic disaster — such as a severe hurricane, massive earthquake, or large-scale terrorist attack — DoD installations would also serve as a base for emergency services. To enhance energy security, DoD has identified diversifying energy sources and increasing efficiency in DoD operations as critical goals. But how to enhance energy security across the portfolio of installations is not clear and several questions remain unanswered: Energy security for how long? Under what conditions? At what cost? The underlying analytical questions are, what critical capabilities do U.S. installations provide, and how can DoD maintain these capabilities during an energy services disruption in the most cost-effective manner? Answering these questions requires a systems approach that incorporates technological, economic, and operational uncertainties. Using portfolio analysis methods for assessing capability options, this paper presents a framework to evaluate choices among energy security strategies for DoD installations. This framework evaluates whether existing or proposed installation energy security strategies enhance DoD capabilities and evaluates strategy cost-effectiveness.

Key Findings

Capabilities-Based Planning Can Help in the Effort to Enhance Energy Security

  • Such an approach should incorporate threat, technological, economic, and operational uncertainties.
  • Planning under uncertainty can inform DoD energy security decisionmaking across a wide range of challenges within economic contstraints.

Recommendations

  • Use DoD's Joint Capability Areas as the basis for establishing metrics to evaluate installation energy security strategies, recognizing the potential need for continued refinement of the Joint Capability Areas for applications across homeland defense and homeland security.
  • Define a set of test cases for evaluating energy security strategies that span the broad range of future challenges for installation energy security, and analytically stress the test cases along the dimensions of complexity, scale, time, preparedness, and response resources.
  • Test the effectiveness of portfolios of generated technology and strategy options of providing capabilities across the test cases and their parameters, using metrics that measure the effectiveness of the provision of training, information, materiel, care, and security.
  • To plan for increased resiliency and adaptiveness, identify dimensions that would expose the potential weak points responding to the loss of installation energy services and the types of shocks that would occur.
  • Examine installation energy security and risks from both a local and an enterprise-level perspective.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Using Joint Capability Areas to Inform Installation Energy Security Decisions

  • Chapter Three

    Developing a Capabilities-Based Approach for Evaluating Energy Security Decisions

  • Chapter Four

    Conclusions

  • Appendix

    Relevant Joint Capability Areas Served by Installation Energy Services

This monograph results from the RAND Corporation's continuing program of self-initiated research research. Support for such research is provided, in part, by donors and by the independent research and development provisions of RAND's contracts for the operation of its U.S. Department of Defense federally funded research and development centers.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.