Community-Driven Development and Reconstruction in Conflict-Affected Settings
From drug trafficking in Mexico and Central America, to violent extremism in the Horn of Africa, to insurgents in Colombia, to all three in Afghanistan and Pakistan, significant weaknesses in governance and economic development underlie many of the greatest security threats currently facing the United States. A solely military solution to these issues will not achieve long-term success without efforts to improve the underlying conditions that foster the insecurity in the first place. More specifically, development and reconstruction efforts need to bolster the legitimacy, effectiveness, and reach of the indigenous government, as well as address the population's grievances. Although the international community has widely accepted the importance of addressing the root causes of instability, significant questions remain over whether — and how — actors can feasibly implement these critical activities in insecure environments. Using a comparative case study approach, this dissertation tests the hypothesis that development and reconstruction actors can feasibly implement sound development and reconstruction across a relatively wide spectrum of conflict, but varying levels and natures of violence can affect its delivery. The dissertation develops an analytic framework that defines seven principles of sound development and reconstruction and identifies three aspects of the conflict context — the background; the current social, economic and political factors; and the security environment — that affect these principles
- Copyright: RAND Corporation
- Availability: Web-Only
- Pages: 304
- Document Number: RGSD-288
- Year: 2011
- Series: Dissertations
Literature Review and Methods
National Solidarity Program - Nangarhar, Afghanistan
Tuungane - The Kivus, Democratic Republic of Congo
Projet De Developpement Communautaire Participatif en Milieu Rural and Projet National de Developpement Communautaire Participatif en Milieu Urbain - Haiti
Comparison Across Case Studies
Number of Incidents Carried out By Taliban/Anti-Government Elements in Afghanistan by Province, January-September 2007 and 2008
List of Ineligible Projects for the NSP
List of Ineligible Projects for PRODEPUR
This document was submitted as a dissertation in September 2011 in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the doctoral degree in public policy analysis at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. The faculty committee that supervised and approved the dissertation consisted of Nora Bensahel (Chair), Terrence Kelly, and Adam Grissom.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation dissertation series. PRGS dissertations are produced by graduate fellows of the Pardee RAND Graduate School, the world's leading producer of Ph.D.'s in policy analysis. The dissertations are supervised, reviewed, and approved by a PRGS faculty committee overseeing each dissertation.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.