How Schools Can Help Students Recover from Traumatic Experiences

A Tool Kit for Supporting Long-Term Recovery

by Lisa H. Jaycox, Lindsey K. Morse, Terri Tanielian, Bradley D. Stein

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Abstract

Many changes in students’ performance and behavior stem from their experience of, for example, witnessing violence, undergoing assault or abuse, living through natural disasters, or experiencing acts of terrorism. This tool kit describes how such changes appear in the school setting and provides a compendium of programs available to schools that help support the long-term recovery of traumatized students. The tool kit describes how to select students for such programs and possible ways to fund those programs. It compares the programs with one another according to the types of trauma they address, the problems they target, the requirements for training and implementation, and evidence for a program’s effectiveness. Finally, it gives a one-page information sheet on each selected program, summarizing the objective, intended population, and format of the program and providing details on implementation, personnel training and materials, and contact information.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    How to Select Students for Targeted Trauma Recovery Programs

  • Chapter Three

    Comparing Programs

  • Chapter Four

    Program Descriptions

  • Chapter Five

    How to Find Funding to Support Use of These Programs

  • Appendix A

    How can schools help students immediately after a traumatic event?

  • Appendix B

    How can mental health staff and other school personnel help each other and themselves?

  • Appendix C

    Index of Programs

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