Profile of Female Sterilization in Brazil, 2001—2006

by Ernesto F. L. Amaral

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This study analyzes the profile of female sterilization in Brazil by age, parity, type of delivery, place of delivery, color/race, region of residence, years of schooling, marital status, and number of unions. Data are from the 2006 Brazilian National Survey on Demography and Health of Women and Children (PNDS), which has information on history of pregnancies with live births from 2001 to 2006. Results suggest that: (1) women with high levels of sterilization, high percentages of more than one pregnancy in the period, and larger parity than the desired number of children tend to have high parity, be black, brown, or indigenous, reside in the North or Northeast, have low levels of education, and have two or more unions; and (2) women with high levels of sterilization, low percentages of more than one pregnancy, and lower parity than the desired number of children tend to have cesarean sections, give birth utilizing private health care obtained through a private insurance plan or direct out-of-pocket payment at private hospitals, and be married.

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