Neighborhood Effects and the Role of Communities in Restructuring

by Deborah Cohen, Sanae Inagami

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Abstract

Key Findings:

  • Neighborhoods with concentrated poverty are unhealthy.
  • Providing diverse, desirable destinations within walkable distances from residences promotes physical health.
  • Appropriate street design can bring people onto the street, increasing the likelihood that they will become acquainted and thus also increasing public safety.
  • Public spaces that are well maintained and feature planned events attract people and promote community cohesion.
  • Neighborhood health can be promoted by increasing the availability and visibility of healthy products and decreasing the availability and visibility of unhealthy ones such as alcohol and fast food.

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