The Mediterranean Foresight Forum was a RAND-funded effort to monitor current affairs, analyse future scenarios and simulate policy options to support the implementation of comprehensive responses to the region's complex challenges.
Sleep deprivation is associated with a higher mortality risk, according to economic modelling of data from five OECD countries. In addition, up to 3 per cent of a country's GDP is lost due to lack of sleep; an increase in sleep could add billions of dollars to the economy.
Increases in the UK national minimum wage since 1999 had no negative employment effects on the overall UK labour market. However, there were some employment effects associated with part-time employees, and young employees during the recession.
A review of existing literature on defining and demonstrating ‘quality teaching’ and measuring its impact in higher education found few rigorous comparison group studies — a significant weakness in this field of research.
Prisons in the UK are experiencing record numbers of suicides and other violent incidents, as well as staff shortages. Policymakers working on prison reform need more effective ways to measure the performance of prison programs.
Teachers in two England schools are participating in a pilot program of wearing cameras to stop pupil disruption. How they use the cameras could be counter-productive and may actually escalate situations in the classroom. Other methods to control challenging pupils will likely work better.
The Netherlands should proceed cautiously in implementing any marijuana regulations, taking into account the models devised elsewhere and remembering that once enacted the rules will be difficult to change.