The Mediterranean Foresight Forum was a RAND-funded effort to monitor current affairs, analyse future scenarios and simulate policy options to support the implementation of comprehensive responses to the region's complex challenges.
Sleep deprivation is associated with a higher mortality risk, according to economic modelling of data from five OECD countries. In addition, up to 3 per cent of a country's GDP is lost due to lack of sleep; an increase in sleep could add billions of dollars to the economy.
Increases in the UK national minimum wage since 1999 had no negative employment effects on the overall UK labour market. However, there were some employment effects associated with part-time employees, and young employees during the recession.
A review of existing literature on defining and demonstrating ‘quality teaching’ and measuring its impact in higher education found few rigorous comparison group studies — a significant weakness in this field of research.
Teachers in two England schools are participating in a pilot program of wearing cameras to stop pupil disruption. How they use the cameras could be counter-productive and may actually escalate situations in the classroom. Other methods to control challenging pupils will likely work better.
The Netherlands should proceed cautiously in implementing any marijuana regulations, taking into account the models devised elsewhere and remembering that once enacted the rules will be difficult to change.
Insufficient sleep is linked to lower productivity, which results in working days being lost each year. With a few simple measures, employers could help improve the health and well-being of staff, improve their bottom lines, and contribute to a growing economy.
For policymakers and politicians, evidence should be at the heart of everything because it is crucial to the policymaking cycle. It frames what kind of questions need to be asked, what research or analysis needs to be done, what policy options can be considered, and how they should be evaluated. Put simply, we need evidence to know what works and why.