Travel Demand Modelling

RAND Europe has contributed to the development and testing of new approaches in modelling demand for travel for over 25 years. Our work applies discrete choice models using observations of individual travel behaviour.

Our transport models contain substantial detail about traveller behaviour by person and household type. Many of these characteristics strongly influence travel behaviour and are therefore essential when exploring future travel demand. Our models also reflect travel across many modes, for many purposes and reflect many possible behavioural responses, such as changing mode, destination, frequency of time of travel, as well as car ownership.

Featured Research

  • Developing a New National Transport Model for the UK

    At the request of the Department for Transport, RAND Europe and Atkins are updating the UK's national transport model using current datasets. The project team may also suggest further enhancements to improve the forecasting functionality and/or consistency of the model.

Selected Research

  • Would the EU Benefit from Common Liability Rules for Autonomous Vehicles?

    14 Jun 2016

    Researchers are exploring potential impacts of AVs on European car manufacturers, the insurance industry, connected industries and markets, and those who provide public provision of services and supervise compliance.

  • Updating the UK National Car Ownership Model

    03 Nov 2015

    The current UK car ownership model is known to over-predict car ownership in dense urban areas, particularly London. In re-estimating the UK's current car ownership models using more recent data, researchers aim to make improvements to the model specifications.

  • Exploring the Future of Driving in Developing Countries

    14 Oct 2015

    The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China.

  • Developing a New Transport Model for South East Wales

    13 Oct 2015

    RAND Europe researchers are developing models capable of predicting levels of transport demand in South East Wales in response to a range of different policy options and in light of demographic changes.

  • Examining the Feasibility of Time-of-Day Tolls to Reduce Congestion

    19 Jun 2015

    To reduce traffic along a heavily congested Texas toll road, researchers used stated preference surveys and discrete choice models to understand how motorists will respond to alternative time-of-day pricing policies.

  • A Rapid Evidence Assessment of Road Traffic Demand Elasticities in the UK

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers reviewed the literature for evidence on the key factors influencing road transport demand in the UK. Understanding how projected changes in economic and demographic trends affect future road traffic levels is important for strategic planning by policy makers in the transport sector.

  • Understanding the Factors Influencing Car Traffic Levels in Britain

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers have undertaken a rapid evidence assessment review of peer-reviewed papers and ‘grey’ literature to provide a better understanding of the recent levelling off in total miles driven in Britain. Understanding factors behind this trend can help policymakers plan for future infrastructure needs.

  • Modelling Long-Distance Travel in Great Britain

    09 Jan 2014

    Trips longer than 50 mi account for less than one-fortieth of all trips but nearly one-third of all distance traveled within Great Britain. Because they account for a substantial proportion of total distance traveled, particularly on motorways and rail, these trips are important for transport policy and have a substantial impact on congestion. RAND Europe developed a model to ensure proper treatment of the specific properties of long-distance travel; such treatment is essential for appraising the impact of transport policy aimed at this market, such as high-speed rail, highway construction and management policies, and policies directed toward domestic air travel.