Publications by Title
Should the Department of Work & Pensions have its accounts signed off? RAND Europe's international benchmark of fraud and error in social security systems.
This study provides evidence on potential economic impact of policies designed to increase the price of alcoholic drinks on consumers, producers and retailers in the UK. Policy-makers used recommendations to implement a new pricing policy.
The author develops a range of rough estimates of the benefits and costs of a U.S. counterterrorism effort in the context of moderate (based on Northern Ireland in 1999), severe (recent Israeli experience), and nuclear terrorist attacks against the United States. The analysis suggests that the marginal benefit may exceed the marginal cost, and thus that spending may in fact be little. Another important facet of the problem is who is to finance the counterterrorism efforts-the federal government or state or local agencies.
All modern healthcare systems need to respond to the common challenges posed by an aging population combined with a growing number of patients with (complex) chronic conditions and rising patient expectations.
Prescribing in primary care: Understanding what shapes GPs' prescribing choices and how might these be improved — 2007
The National Audit Office (NAO) asked RAND Europe to conduct a qualitative study into general practitioners’ (GPs) prescribing behaviors. This study aims to understand what shapes GPs’ prescribing decisions, and how the cost efficiency of prescribing might be improved. This qualitative study contributes to the NAO’s larger investigation into primary care prescribing in England, and more specifically how financial savings can be delivered.
The study reports on the evidence and potential for use of 'emergency readmissions within 28 days of discharge from hospital' as an indicator within the NHS Outcomes Framework, drawing on a rapid review of systematic reviews.
Preventing Venous Thromboembolism: Prophylactic Options for Patients at Different Risk Levels — 2003
This report presents a risk assessment model for individual patient profiling of Venous thromboembolism risk. The results of the investigation have been summarized in a DecisionMatrix that may be used by individual practitioners for guidance in deciding whether or not to use prophylaxis, and if so, what prophylaxis to employ.
The UK Department for Transport (DfT) provides detailed guidance on the appraisal of transport projects. The DfT sought evidence about choice hierarchies and parameter values from existing transport demand models. The Policy Responsive Integrated Strategy Model (PRISM) met these requirements. This report describes the hierarchies and values obtained from the estimation of the PRISM model, with the aim of informing DfT transport modelling advice.
The Prize is Right? — 2010
Can prizes spur innovation? How do you set the prizes, and how large do they need to be?
A Prize Worth Paying? Non-standard ways to support and reward excellence in health research and development in the UK NHS — 2011
This paper outlines the issues, and finds merit in developing non-standard incentives, such as prizes, to support excellence in health research in addition to 'standard' performance management and routine inspection.
Project Retrosight: Understanding the returns from cardiovascular and stroke research: Methodology Report — 2011
This work explores impacts of cardiovascular and stroke research funded 15–20 years ago and draws out aspects associated with high or low impact. It describes 29 case studies of grants from Australia, Canada and UK. Methodology volume.
Project Retrosight: Understanding the returns from cardiovascular and stroke research: Case Studies — 2011
This work explores impacts of cardiovascular and stroke research funded 15–20 years ago and draws out aspects associated with high or low impact. It describes 29 case studies of grants from Australia, Canada and UK.
Project Retrosight analysed 29 case studies of cardiovascular and stroke research in Australia, Canada and the UK, examining the diversity of impact produced by this kind of research and identifying factors associated with various levels of payback.
Project Retrosight examines the longterm outcomes of Cardiovascular research in the UK, Canada and Australia using case studies of individual research grants and explains the methods to be used and provides some background on the project work.
Project Retrosight: Understanding the returns from cardiovascular and stroke research: The Policy Report — 2011
This work explores impacts of cardiovascular and stroke research funded 15-20 years ago and draws out aspects associated with high or low impact. It describes 29 case studies of grants from Australia, Canada and UK. Policy summary volume.
Proposed Methods for Reviewing the Outcomes of Health Research: The Impact of Funding By the UK's 'Arthritis Research Campaign' — 2004
External and internal factors are increasingly encouraging research funding bodies to demonstrate the outcomes of their research. The onus has hitherto been on public sector funding bodies, but in the UK the role of medical charities in funding research is particularly important and the Arthritis Research Campaign, the leading medical charity in its field in the UK, commissioned a study to identify the outcomes from research that it funds. This article describes the methods to be used.
Provider Incentives in Social Protection and Health: A selection of case studies from OECD countries — 2010
Examines the use of provider incentives in the health and social protection policy areas in Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries with a view on learning lessons for developing countries.
Gathers information on the provision of neonatal services in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, the United States, Canada, Sweden and Australia. It was produced to support the National Audit Office’s Value for Money study of neonatal services in England. Therefore, the report aims to provide a compendium of relevant data to facilitate comparisons and benchmarking of neonatal services (organisation, statistics, and so on).
Public Acceptability of Government Intervention to Change Health-Related Behaviours: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis — 2013
Public acceptability of government interventions to change behaviour is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behaviour of others, rather than the respondent.
Public Information Provision in the Digital Age: Implementation and Effects of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act — 2001
Explores whether and how e-FOIA is affecting (or expected to affect) U.S. federal agency procedures, with special attention to the implications of e-FOIA for interactions with citizens and private-sector organizations, to inform the Dutch government's preparation of legislative measures to incorporate an 'e' component into its Act to Promote Open Government (Wet openbaarheid van bestuur, or WOB).
Public-private Collaborations and Partnerships in Stratified Medicine: Making Sense of New Interactions — 2012
The field of personalised or stratified medicine is evolving alongside the formation of a plethora of public-private partnerships.
Discusses the structure and approach to be chosen in setting up the new European Institute of Technology, which aims to raise the competitiveness of the European Union through scientific and technological excellence.
Put Peer Review Under Review — 2013
There is little evidence that peer review is the best way to apportion research money — and even less evidence for the alternatives.
The Puzzle of Changing Relationships: Does Changing Relationships Between Healthcare Service Users and Providers Improve the Quality of Care? — 2013
This report aims to contribute to the understanding of how changing relationships impacts on the quality of care.