Publications by Title
This report describes the cost-effectiveness analysis of a range of possible policy changes regarding the safety of shipping and the environment in the North Sea and areas around the Dutch seaports and approaches.
POLSSS - Policy for Sea Shipping Safety: Surveying Stakeholders About Acceptability of Risks and System Changes — 1999
This report describes two surveys that were conducted in order to assess stakeholder perceptions about the acceptability of risks involved in maritime activities, and the effectiveness of a variety of current policies and possible policy changes.
At a time when drug policy and law enforcement regimes for tackling illicit markets are in a state of flux, it is important to understand how changes in the treatment of one type of illicit activity or substance may impact others.
This research brief summarizes a study to assess which policies can prevent or mitigate the adverse consequences of two trends currently occurring across Europe: falling birth rates and ageing population.
This literature review examines consumer choice in health insurance plans against the background of the German health system to examine models of consumer choice and their effects. The review looked at experiences in other industrialized countries for consumer choice options and also examined effects on health status, satisfaction, fairness and the macro-economic situation. The review describes the health economics theory of consumer choice, the methodology for the literature review, the German health system, and studies on consumer choice of insurers and providers, and reflects on their relevance on the German system.
Introduces important concepts in research evaluation and describes potential research evaluation tools for the Arthritis Research Campaign.
Postmenopausal osteoporosis management: A review of the evidence to inform the development of quality indicators — 2012
The report work aims to inform the development of quality indicators for postmenopausal osteoporosis management in Europe.
The potential cost savings of greater use of home- and hospice- based end of life care in England — 2008
Expansion of home/community end of life services can reduce acute care costs and benefit patients by accommodating expressed preferences on place of death.
Should the Department of Work & Pensions have its accounts signed off? RAND Europe's international benchmark of fraud and error in social security systems.
This study provides evidence on potential economic impact of policies designed to increase the price of alcoholic drinks on consumers, producers and retailers in the UK. Policy-makers used recommendations to implement a new pricing policy.
The author develops a range of rough estimates of the benefits and costs of a U.S. counterterrorism effort in the context of moderate (based on Northern Ireland in 1999), severe (recent Israeli experience), and nuclear terrorist attacks against the United States. The analysis suggests that the marginal benefit may exceed the marginal cost, and thus that spending may in fact be little. Another important facet of the problem is who is to finance the counterterrorism efforts-the federal government or state or local agencies.
All modern healthcare systems need to respond to the common challenges posed by an aging population combined with a growing number of patients with (complex) chronic conditions and rising patient expectations.
Prescribing in primary care: Understanding what shapes GPs' prescribing choices and how might these be improved — 2007
The National Audit Office (NAO) asked RAND Europe to conduct a qualitative study into general practitioners’ (GPs) prescribing behaviors. This study aims to understand what shapes GPs’ prescribing decisions, and how the cost efficiency of prescribing might be improved. This qualitative study contributes to the NAO’s larger investigation into primary care prescribing in England, and more specifically how financial savings can be delivered.
The study reports on the evidence and potential for use of 'emergency readmissions within 28 days of discharge from hospital' as an indicator within the NHS Outcomes Framework, drawing on a rapid review of systematic reviews.
Preventing Venous Thromboembolism: Prophylactic Options for Patients at Different Risk Levels — 2003
This report presents a risk assessment model for individual patient profiling of Venous thromboembolism risk. The results of the investigation have been summarized in a DecisionMatrix that may be used by individual practitioners for guidance in deciding whether or not to use prophylaxis, and if so, what prophylaxis to employ.
This report documents the re-estimation of the mode-destination models in the PRISM model for the West Midlands region of the UK. The models for some purposes represent access mode and station choice, and time of day choice for car drivers.
This report documents the re-estimation of the frequency and car ownership models in the PRISM strategic transport model for the West Midlands region of the UK.
This report documents the implementation of the demand models in the PRISM strategic transport model for the West Midlands region of the UK.
The UK Department for Transport (DfT) provides detailed guidance on the appraisal of transport projects. The DfT sought evidence about choice hierarchies and parameter values from existing transport demand models. The Policy Responsive Integrated Strategy Model (PRISM) met these requirements. This report describes the hierarchies and values obtained from the estimation of the PRISM model, with the aim of informing DfT transport modelling advice.
The Prize is Right? — 2010
Can prizes spur innovation? How do you set the prizes, and how large do they need to be?
A Prize Worth Paying? Non-standard ways to support and reward excellence in health research and development in the UK NHS — 2011
This paper outlines the issues, and finds merit in developing non-standard incentives, such as prizes, to support excellence in health research in addition to 'standard' performance management and routine inspection.
Project Retrosight: Understanding the returns from cardiovascular and stroke research: Methodology Report — 2011
This work explores impacts of cardiovascular and stroke research funded 15–20 years ago and draws out aspects associated with high or low impact. It describes 29 case studies of grants from Australia, Canada and UK. Methodology volume.
Project Retrosight: Understanding the returns from cardiovascular and stroke research: Case Studies — 2011
This work explores impacts of cardiovascular and stroke research funded 15–20 years ago and draws out aspects associated with high or low impact. It describes 29 case studies of grants from Australia, Canada and UK.
Project Retrosight analysed 29 case studies of cardiovascular and stroke research in Australia, Canada and the UK, examining the diversity of impact produced by this kind of research and identifying factors associated with various levels of payback.
Project Retrosight examines the longterm outcomes of Cardiovascular research in the UK, Canada and Australia using case studies of individual research grants and explains the methods to be used and provides some background on the project work.