Publications: Communities, Safety and Justice
Consumers' Responsiveness to Alcohol Multi-Buy Sales Promotions: Results from a Stated Preference Choice Experiment — 2013
This study used stated preference choice experiments to gain a better understanding of how the presence of multi-buy sales promotions affects consumers' purchasing behaviour of alcohol products, in terms of both type and amount of wine, beer and spirits.
This report generates estimates of retail cannabis expenditure in the EU using new data about cannabis consumption and expenditures from a web survey conducted in seven Member States.
This report demonstrates how cannabis prices increase across the supply chain in the EU as distributors take additional mark ups to compensate themselves not only for shipping costs but also for the risks they assume.
Managing Potential Conflict in Illegal Markets: An Exploratory Study of Cocaine Smuggling in the Netherlands — 2013
Analyzing 31 police investigations from the Netherlands, we found data on 33 incidents involving failure of cocaine smuggling related transactions and the subsequent outcome. We examined these incidents for the use of violence and threats.
Opioid Consumption and Substitution Treatment in Finland and Sweden: A Similar Path with Different Outcomes? — 2013
This chapter seeks to develop plausible hypotheses to account for the observed differences in opioid-consumption prevalence between Finland and Sweden.
At a time when drug policy and law enforcement regimes for tackling illicit markets are in a state of flux, it is important to understand how changes in the treatment of one type of illicit activity or substance may impact others.
Sizing National Heroin Markets in the EU: Insights from Self-Reported Expenditures in the Czech Republic and England — 2013
This report uses data about PHUs and estimates of weekly heroin expenditures in the Czech Republic and England to calculate the size and the volume of the market for these two countries.
This report sets out findings from an independent evaluation of the EU Drugs Strategy 2005-12 and Action Plans. The research examined the implementation, relevance and influence of the Strategy and its added value for Member States and at EU level.
This report sets out findings from a wide-ranging evaluation of Europol — the European Police Office. It examines Europol's capabilities, legal basis and activities, highlighting potential areas for reform in the forthcoming Europol Regulation.
Analyzes the impact of worksite wellness programs on health and financial outcomes, and the effect of incentives on participation.
The aim of this research is to explore new ways of curtailing the illegal trade in cultural property.
Assessing the impacts of Revising the Tobacco Products Directive: Study to support a DG SANCO Impact Assessment — 2011
In order to inform the European Commission's formal Impact Assessment for a revision to the Tobacco Products Directive, this study provides an overview of evidence for tobacco product regulation and an analysis of health and economic implications.
Development of a European Crime Report: Improving safety and justice with existing crime and criminal justice data — 2011
The European Commission seeks to develop a European Crime Report (ECR) to improve understanding of the EU crime and justice situation. RAND Europe researched the analytical and operational challenges and opportunities to developing an ECR.
Nudging has captured the imagination of the public, researchers, and policy makers as a way of changing human behaviour, with both the UK and US governments embracing it. Theresa Marteau and colleagues ask whether the concept stands up to scientific scrutiny.
This study provides evidence on potential economic impact of policies designed to increase the price of alcoholic drinks on consumers, producers and retailers in the UK. Policy-makers used recommendations to implement a new pricing policy.
Testing the Police Workforce Resilience Hypothesis: An application of labour economics to policing management — 2011
This study clarifies key concepts in policing workforce management and by employing an innovative and novel econometric approach, quantifies the relationship between police force human resource levels and composition and demand for policing.
To better understand illegal drug markets and supply-reduction efforts in the European Union, data on purity-adjusted prices must be collected. Member states can learn more about supply reduction by changing how they report seizure data.
This study, commissioned by DG SANCO, presents a quality assessment of the monitoring information provided by members of the European Alcohol and Health Forum on their commitments to reduce alcohol-related harm.
Reform or Radicalisation? — 2010
Is prison a training ground for extremists? RAND Europe explores radicalisation and recruitment in European prisons.
Tackling problem drug use — 2010
Describes how the British Government's narrower focus of problem drug use on most significant harms may be useful, but carries risks and drawbacks. We find the UK Drug Strategy draws on robust evidence for drug treatment and drug-related crime.
Understanding illicit drug markets, supply-reduction efforts, and drug-related crime in the European Union — 2010
Based on literature, expert insights, and a conceptual framework, this study identifies a number of recommendations for improving the understanding of illicit drug markets, supply reduction efforts, and drug-related crime in the EU.
The affordability of alcoholic beverages in the European Union: Understanding the link between alcohol affordability, consumption and harms — 2009
This study, conducted for the European Commission, examines the affordability of alcoholic beverages across the EU, the potential impacts of affordability on harmful use of alcohol, and possible policy levers to tackle the problem.
This report assess the expected health, economic, social and environmental impacts of five policy options that the European Commission (DG SANCO) is considering for achieving smoke-free environments in the European Union (EU-27).
This report provides key findings of the RAND Europe study which assesses how the global market for illicit drugs has developed from 1998 to 2007 and describes worldwide drug policies implemented during that period to address the problem.
Cocaine and heroine are primarily produced in poor nations, while revenues are mainly generated in wealthy countries. This report offers a theoretical account for characteristics of operation of illicit drugs markets, and reviews what is known them.