Publications by Date
The Accuracy of Diagnostic Coding for Acute Kidney Injury in England: A Single Centre Study — March 1, 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for mortality and is responsible for a significant burden of healthcare expenditure, so accurate measurement of its incidence is important.
Regulatory cultures and research governance — March 1, 2013
This is a comparative study of the practice of those who are subject to regulatory requirements in the health research, medical drugs, environmental and financial sectors conducted to assist understanding of health research governance in the UK.
Cyber-security threat characterisation: A rapid comparative analysis — February 5, 2013
The Swedish Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies asked RAND to investigate cyber-security within national defence and security strategies. The report presents research findings and is of interest to cyber-security practitioners and policymakers.
Hepatitis C: A projection of the healthcare and economic burden in the UK — January 11, 2013
Work presented in this report sought to assess the healthcare and economic burden of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the United Kingdom using a cohort simulation model.
This paper explores whether existing methodologies are up to the task of evaluating impact across different sectors, and different criteria for assessing research impact.
Assessing Quality in Cross-Country Comparisons of Health Systems and Policies: Towards a Set of Generic Quality Criteria — January 1, 2013
There is a growing body of cross-country comparisons in health systems and policy research. However, there is little consensus as to how to assess its quality.
Approaches to Chronic Disease Management Evaluation in Use in Europe: A Review of Current Methods and Performance Measures — January 1, 2013
There is wide variation within and between European countries on approaches to evaluating chronic disease management in their objectives, designs, indicators, target audiences, and actors involved.
Advances in technology are blurring the boundary between the delivery of communication via physical and electronic means.
Moldova and the EU: Liberalizing or Securitising Migration? — January 1, 2013
This policy brief offers an overview of Moldova's migration trends, mapping (legal) immigration and emigration flows,including remittances, smuggling and human trafficking, and detailing societal impacts and migrants' profiles.
New Drugs and Health Technologies for Low-Income Populations: Will the Private Sector Meet the Needs of Low-Income Populations in Developing Countries? — January 1, 2013
This paper argues that the development of targeted health technologies for poor people will require a new mix of technology, organizations and institutions which we conceptualize as new social technologies.
Measuring Consumer Preferences for Postal Services — January 1, 2013
Increasing digitalization and the evolution of the Internet have had, and are still having, an impact on the demand for postal services.
Consumers' Responsiveness to Alcohol Multi-Buy Sales Promotions: Results from a Stated Preference Choice Experiment — January 1, 2013
This study used stated preference choice experiments to gain a better understanding of how the presence of multi-buy sales promotions affects consumers' purchasing behaviour of alcohol products, in terms of both type and amount of wine, beer and spirits.
Opioid Consumption and Substitution Treatment in Finland and Sweden: A Similar Path with Different Outcomes? — January 1, 2013
This chapter seeks to develop plausible hypotheses to account for the observed differences in opioid-consumption prevalence between Finland and Sweden.
Estimating the Size of the EU Cannabis Market — January 1, 2013
This report generates estimates of retail cannabis expenditure in the EU using new data about cannabis consumption and expenditures from a web survey conducted in seven Member States.
Insights About Cannabis Production and Distribution Costs in the EU — January 1, 2013
This report demonstrates how cannabis prices increase across the supply chain in the EU as distributors take additional mark ups to compensate themselves not only for shipping costs but also for the risks they assume.
Sizing National Heroin Markets in the EU: Insights from Self-Reported Expenditures in the Czech Republic and England — January 1, 2013
This report uses data about PHUs and estimates of weekly heroin expenditures in the Czech Republic and England to calculate the size and the volume of the market for these two countries.
The Value of Small Time Savings for Non-Business Travel — January 1, 2013
The paper addresses the issue of how small time savings are handled in the appraisal of transport proposals.
Managing Potential Conflict in Illegal Markets: An Exploratory Study of Cocaine Smuggling in the Netherlands — January 1, 2013
Analyzing 31 police investigations from the Netherlands, we found data on 33 incidents involving failure of cocaine smuggling related transactions and the subsequent outcome. We examined these incidents for the use of violence and threats.
'Polymorphous Criminal Networks': Considering Criminal Groups' Engagement Across Markets — January 1, 2013
At a time when drug policy and law enforcement regimes for tackling illicit markets are in a state of flux, it is important to understand how changes in the treatment of one type of illicit activity or substance may impact others.
The authors explore the expectations of prolapse surgery held by women before that surgery and to examine reasons why such expectations were met, or not met.
Exposure of Children and Adolescents to Alcohol Marketing on Social Media Websites — January 1, 2013
This study aimed to describe the exposure of children and young adults to alcohol marketing on social media websites in the UK
This paper provides a bibliometric assessment of mental health research (MHR) outputs from 1980 to 2011.
Spotlight on 2012 — January 30, 2013
Spotlight on 2012 presents the highlights of RAND Europe's research and other activities in 2012. We describe these in the context of the 'life cycle' of a policy issue to indicate the different stages in policy formation at which our research and analysis supports policy and decisionmaking.
Comparison of the Long-Distance Model and PLANET Long-Distance: Phase 2, Demand Model — December 10, 2012
This report presents analysis that compares the PLANET long-distance model and the Department for Transport's long-distance model (LDM) and helps to inform which components of both models might be used to develop an improved HS2 Ltd model.
The validity of the preference profiles used for evaluating impacts in the Dutch National Risk Assessment — December 6, 2012
This report provides an assessment of the validity of preference profiles and associated weights used in the Dutch National Risk Assessment. It also offers recommendations to incorporate public values using scientifically validated methods.