Publications: Health and Healthcare
Simulated patient, or so-called mystery-shopper, studies are a controversial, but potentially useful, approach to take when conducting health services research.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for mortality and is responsible for a significant burden of healthcare expenditure, so accurate measurement of its incidence is important.
Analysis of research and education indicators to support designation of Academic Health Science Centres in England — 2013
To support the English Department of Health's Academic Health Science Centres competition in 2013, RAND Europe has analysed various types of publicly available data and quality assessments in the domains of medical research and health education.
Approaches to Chronic Disease Management Evaluation in Use in Europe: A Review of Current Methods and Performance Measures — 2013
There is wide variation within and between European countries on approaches to evaluating chronic disease management in their objectives, designs, indicators, target audiences, and actors involved.
Assessing Quality in Cross-Country Comparisons of Health Systems and Policies: Towards a Set of Generic Quality Criteria — 2013
There is a growing body of cross-country comparisons in health systems and policy research. However, there is little consensus as to how to assess its quality.
Does integrated care deliver the benefits expected? Findings from 16 integrated care pilot initiatives in England — 2013
RAND Europe co-led an evaluation of 16 varied pilot projects initiated by the Department of Health (England) as a means to explore new ways of integrating patient care from different local provider.
Work presented in this report sought to assess the healthcare and economic burden of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the United Kingdom using a cohort simulation model.
Hervormingenvan Brandweer - En Reddingsdiensten in Europa: (Lighting the Touch Paper of Reform? Case Studies in Fire and Rescue Service Reform in Europe) — 2013
In the age of austerity, Fire and Rescue Services (FRS) provision is now the focus of policymakers' efficiency drives.
This paper provides a bibliometric assessment of mental health research (MHR) outputs from 1980 to 2011.
Is Europe Putting Theory Into Practice? A Qualitative Study of the Level of Self-Management Support in Chronic Care Management Approaches — 2013
This study explores whether and how self-management support is integrated into chronic care approaches in 13 European countries.
Mapping Pathways: Developing evidence-based, people-centred strategies for the use of antiretrovirals as prevention — 2013
This is the first international report on HIV prevention with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs that brings scientific evidence together with community perspectives. We show that ARV-based prevention needs to be tailored to local contexts and cultures.
Mapping pathways to HIV prevention: Developing evidence-based, people-centred strategies for the use of antiretrovirals — 2013
Mapping Pathways is the first integrated, research-driven and community-led project to synthesise scientific evidence and local perspectives about antiretroviral drug-based HIV prevention strategies, in South Africa, India and the United States.
New Drugs and Health Technologies for Low-Income Populations: Will the Private Sector Meet the Needs of Low-Income Populations in Developing Countries? — 2013
This paper argues that the development of targeted health technologies for poor people will require a new mix of technology, organizations and institutions which we conceptualize as new social technologies.
The report reviews approaches to pharmaceutical pricing in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain to inform better understanding of the role of external reference pricing and its relevance to the UK.
Policy-Research Linkage: What We Have Learned from Providing a Rapid Response Facility for International Healthcare Comparisons to the Department of Health in England — 2013
In this paper we reflect on our experience of providing a rapid response facility for international healthcare policy comparisons to the English Department of Health.
The Puzzle of Changing Relationships: Does Changing Relationships Between Healthcare Service Users and Providers Improve the Quality of Care? — 2013
This report aims to contribute to the understanding of how changing relationships impacts on the quality of care.
This is a comparative study of the practice of those who are subject to regulatory requirements in the health research, medical drugs, environmental and financial sectors conducted to assist understanding of health research governance in the UK.
This paper discusses challenges to evaluation of chronic disease management as reported by experts in six European countries.
This report sets out findings from an independent evaluation of the EU Drugs Strategy 2005-12 and Action Plans. The research examined the implementation, relevance and influence of the Strategy and its added value for Member States and at EU level.
The overall aim of the work presented in this report was to use novel approaches to measure alcohol advertisement exposure among young people in Europe through audiovisual and online media.
The results of this work provide a useful insight into economic costs of running local Walking for Health schemes, and the overarching national support programme.
DISMEVAL Developing and validating disease management evaluation methods for European healthcare systems: Final report — 2012
The report presents the overall findings of work carried out within the DISMEVAL project. It reviews approaches to chronic care in Europe and reports on methods and metrics for the evaluation of disease management interventions in six countries.
The purpose of the PbR Pilots is to develop and test out new approaches to the commissioning and delivery of drugs and alcohol recovery systems that reward achievement of this outcome.
Establishing and Sustaining Research Partnerships in Africa: A Case Study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease — 2012
This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north–south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease.
This report outlines choices, options and trade-offs to policymakers, programme operators and researchers interested in the evaluation of chronic disease management. It is based on analyses undertaken within the DISMEVAL project.