Publications: Health and Healthcare
Simulated patient, or so-called mystery-shopper, studies are a controversial, but potentially useful, approach to take when conducting health services research.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for mortality and is responsible for a significant burden of healthcare expenditure, so accurate measurement of its incidence is important.
Analysis of research and education indicators to support designation of Academic Health Science Centres in England — 2013
To support the English Department of Health's Academic Health Science Centres competition in 2013, RAND Europe has analysed various types of publicly available data and quality assessments in the domains of medical research and health education.
Approaches to Chronic Disease Management Evaluation in Use in Europe: A Review of Current Methods and Performance Measures — 2013
There is wide variation within and between European countries on approaches to evaluating chronic disease management in their objectives, designs, indicators, target audiences, and actors involved.
Assessing Quality in Cross-Country Comparisons of Health Systems and Policies: Towards a Set of Generic Quality Criteria — 2013
There is a growing body of cross-country comparisons in health systems and policy research. However, there is little consensus as to how to assess its quality.
Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust Fellowships in Clinical Leadership Programme: An Evaluation — 2013
This report presents an evaluation of the Fellowships in Clinical Leadership Programme, which combines leadership training and quality improvement initiatives in Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust.
Our study offers important lessons for the planned implementation of choice in primary care in the English NHS.
CLAHRCs in Practice: Combined Knowledge Transfer and Exchange Strategies, Cultural Change, and Experimentation — 2013
Drawing on in-depth, multi-method case studies of two CLAHRCs we explored how they pursued their remit by supporting efforts to increase the relevance and use of health research, and building relationships.
Consumers' Responsiveness to Alcohol Multi-Buy Sales Promotions: Results from a Stated Preference Choice Experiment — 2013
This study used stated preference choice experiments to gain a better understanding of how the presence of multi-buy sales promotions affects consumers' purchasing behaviour of alcohol products, in terms of both type and amount of wine, beer and spirits.
This report sets out the findings of a targeted review of the harms of opioid dependence, and an assessment of existing estimates of the its costs. A proposed framework for developing estimates of the costs of opioid dependence is outlined.
Does integrated care deliver the benefits expected? Findings from 16 integrated care pilot initiatives in England — 2013
RAND Europe co-led an evaluation of 16 varied pilot projects initiated by the Department of Health (England) as a means to explore new ways of integrating patient care from different local provider.
The Drugs Don't Work brings together in one easy read the startling facts of the here-and-now problem we face about resistance to our current range of antimicrobial drugs with expert analysis of the science behind and policy implications of the battle against infectious diseases and provides what everyone needs to know to head off the growing threat of drugs no longer working to help us to win the war against bugs.
Despite the wide recognition of a shift to prevention, barriers remain. Our analysis focuses on the costs of certain health issues that may be preventable to improve outcomes in later life. We look at preterm birth, unintentional injury, child obesity and certain child mental health problems.
Factors Affecting Physician Professional Satisfaction and Their Implications for Patient Care, Health Systems, and Health Policy — 2013
The American Medical Association asked RAND Health to characterize the factors that affect physician professional satisfaction. RAND researchers sought to identify high-priority determinants of professional satisfaction by gathering data from 30 physician practices in six states, using a combination of surveys and semistructured interviews. This report presents the results of the subsequent analysis.
Work presented in this report sought to assess the healthcare and economic burden of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the United Kingdom using a cohort simulation model.
Hervormingenvan Brandweer - En Reddingsdiensten in Europa: (Lighting the Touch Paper of Reform? Case Studies in Fire and Rescue Service Reform in Europe) — 2013
In the age of austerity, Fire and Rescue Services (FRS) provision is now the focus of policymakers' efficiency drives.
This paper provides a bibliometric assessment of mental health research (MHR) outputs from 1980 to 2011.
Is Europe Putting Theory Into Practice? A Qualitative Study of the Level of Self-Management Support in Chronic Care Management Approaches — 2013
This study explores whether and how self-management support is integrated into chronic care approaches in 13 European countries.
Mapping Pathways: Developing evidence-based, people-centred strategies for the use of antiretrovirals as prevention — 2013
This is the first international report on HIV prevention with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs that brings scientific evidence together with community perspectives. We show that ARV-based prevention needs to be tailored to local contexts and cultures.
Mapping pathways to HIV prevention: Developing evidence-based, people-centred strategies for the use of antiretrovirals — 2013
Mapping Pathways is the first integrated, research-driven and community-led project to synthesise scientific evidence and local perspectives about antiretroviral drug-based HIV prevention strategies, in South Africa, India and the United States.
Mental Health Retrosight: Understanding the returns from research (lessons from schizophrenia): Policy Report — 2013
Examines the impacts arising from neuroscience and mental health research over 20-25 years, focusing on schizophrenia. Identifies attributes of the research, researchers or setting associated with translation into patient benefit. Policy report.
Examines the impacts arising from neuroscience and mental health research over 20-25 years, focusing on schizophrenia. Identifies attributes of the research, researchers or setting associated with translation into patient benefit. Perspectives.
Examines the impacts arising from neuroscience and mental health research over 20-25 years, focusing on schizophrenia. Identifies attributes of the research, researchers or setting associated with translation into patient benefit. Case studies.
Examines the impacts arising from neuroscience and mental health research over 20-25 years, focusing on schizophrenia. Identifies attributes of the research, researchers or setting associated with translation into patient benefit. Methods.
Mental Health Retrosight: Identifying the attributes of successfully translated research (lessons from schizophrenia) — 2013
Identifying the attributes of successfully translated research (lessons from schizophrenia); headline findings and policy provocations from the Mental Health Retrosight project.