Summaries of Completed Research

  • Peer Review Not the Only Option for Selecting Research Projects to Fund

    18 Apr 2013

    As a method for awarding research funding, peer review suffers from many drawbacks and yet is by far the most commonly used method to make funding decisions. RAND Europe revised and updated its pack of Alternatives to Peer Review to inspire funders to practise and test alternative methods for picking research winners.

  • Examining the Future Outlook for Breast Cancer in the UK

    05 Apr 2013

    Breakthrough Breast Cancer, a UK-based research charity, commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a study to determine the future outlook for breast cancer. This work informed the development of Breakthrough’s future strategic direction, helping them to achieve the best possible outcomes for people affected by breast cancer.

  • Measuring Consumer Preferences for Postal Services

    05 Apr 2013

    When it comes to European postal services, it is clear that different market segments have different needs. RAND Europe, in conjunction with Accent and Swiss Economics, undertook a study for the European Commission to help identify consumer needs in relation to postal services. Among the conclusions: big business valued letter services more than did small and medium enterprises or the public, whereas all consumers valued parcel services as well as high levels of reliability and low levels of loss. The research was conducted using stated preference experiments in three countries.

  • Does Changing Relationships Between Healthcare Service Users and Providers Improve the Quality of Care?

    01 Apr 2013

    The Health Foundation encourages quality improvement by changing the relationships between people and health services. The evidence of how such interventions improve the quality of care is unfortunately patchy and sometimes contradictory, however, and there is therefore a need to better understand the mechanisms underlying interventions and to make explicit assumptions about how they are expected to change outcomes.

  • Assessing Research Impact: An International Review of the Excellence in Innovation for Australia Trial

    26 Mar 2013

    The Excellence in Innovation for Australia (EIA) Impact Assessment Trial aimed to assess the non-academic impact of research generated by a subset of Australian universities, and act as a pilot for a potential companion piece to the next Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), a nationwide performance assessment of Australian universities. RAND Europe's evaluation of the Trial found it to be a successful process, but identified a number of areas of improvement, especially if it is scaled up to a national level.

  • Examining How Regulatory Cultures Affect Research Governance

    05 Mar 2013

    Health research governance in the UK has been the subject of much debate and discussion in recent years as existing regulatory approaches and processes have been consolidated and reconsidered. Researchers looked at the behavior of regulated sectors in different areas and countries—including medical drugs, financial services, and environmental sectors—to seek relevant lessons to help understand the impact of regulation on health research governance.

  • Reducing Re-Offending Behaviours of Terrorist Offenders

    14 Feb 2013

    RAND Europe explored the effectiveness of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) program in reducing the re-offending potential of UK terrorist offenders. The team explored potential for multi-agency information sharing and assessed risk of terrorist offenders under MAPPA supervision. Results evaluated the program’s effectiveness and established methods of measuring ongoing success.

  • Analysis of Cyber-Threats Informs Swedish Strategy

    06 Feb 2013

    How do governments characterise cyber-threats? What role does law enforcement play in tackling cyber-crime in different countries? These are some of the questions RAND Europe investigated on behalf of the Swedish National Defence College’s Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS) as part of a rapid comparative analysis of the integration of cyber-security within national and transnational defence and security frameworks. This study supports CATS in their assignment to gather evidence to inform the development of the Swedish Cyber Security Strategy.

  • Projecting the Healthcare and Economic Burden of Hepatitis C in the UK

    14 Jan 2013

    Hepatitis C is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, end-stage cirrhosis and liver cancer. To contribute to better understanding of the burden associated with HCV infection in the UK, RAND Europe estimated the prevalence and the number of deaths that can be attributed to HCV-infection and assessed the healthcare and societal costs that are associated with HCV infection under different scenarios of diagnosis and treatment rates. The findings suggest that increasing treatment rates of those with HCV infection is associated with a gain in productivity.

  • Good Practice Guide Addresses Network and Information Security Aspects of Cybercrime

    14 Jan 2013

    The sharing and exchange of information between Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) and the law enforcement community in Europe face several legal and operational barriers. A range of factors can hinder information exchange, including the different character of each community, different objectives and ways of working. Concrete efforts to foster greater trust include sharing information on capabilities and services offered. RAND Europe offers recommendations both for CERTs and law enforcement and also for policy-makers in Brussels.

  • Forecasting Future Trends in Asian Navies’ Modernisation

    03 Jan 2013

    RAND Europe provided a forward-looking investigation of the modernisation of Asian navies for the French Ministry of Defence. Conducted with research partners in India and Japan, the report’s findings produced rigorous futures forecasting to inform the ongoing decision-making of Western naval forces.

  • Impact of the Data Protection Review on EU Innovation and Competitiveness

    21 Dec 2012

    RAND Europe provided the European Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy with a rapid assessment of the innovation and competitiveness impacts of the EU's proposed General Data Protection Regulation affecting: automated processing; control of data processing; and data transfers. The briefing considers a variety of perspectives—profiling; big data; cloud computing; and privacy-friendly technologies—and identifies a variety of impacts and areas for improvement.

  • Internet Innovation and Privacy Friendly Online Services

    19 Dec 2012

    The growth of the internet as a tool for engagement between individuals means it has also become an increasingly important 'space' for business innovation. There is a demand for, and market in, information; and there are concerns to protect personal data. RAND Europe led a consortium, commissioned by the European Parliament, to study these issues and related policies. The study explores ways to promote internet-based innovation and competition in the EU while respecting citizens' right to privacy.

  • What Types of Interventions Change Energy Using Behaviours?

    12 Dec 2012

    The UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) was interested in understanding the effectiveness of interventions designed to change energy use behaviour in the home. They commissioned RAND Europe to assess the state of knowledge about “what works”, by systematically reviewing previous trials and initiatives, drawing on evidence from the UK and abroad. This review has informed DECC’s November 2012 Energy Efficiency Strategy, which sets out their policy direction for decades to come.

  • Examining High-Speed Rail Options in Norway

    10 Dec 2012

    RAND Europe completed the third phase of a study of high-speed rail options in Norway. Analysis done as part of the earlier phases provided initial insight in to the likely levels of demand, and the new phase provided a fuller analysis of the demand on different strategic routes to inform the decisions to be taken by the Norwegian government about high-speed rail options in the country.

  • Validating the Preference Profiles for the Dutch National Risk Assessment

    10 Dec 2012

    The Dutch National Security Strategy utilizes a risk assessment model to protect society and civilians within its territory from internal and external threats. RAND Europe examined the validity of the preference profiles and associated weighting used in the analysis of the Dutch National Risk Assessment. The report provides advice and recommendations to the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice on which method is most suitable and on how best to reflect the views of the public in the National Risk Assessment.

  • Study Supports UK Government Estimates that Scientific Research Will Promote Economic Growth

    05 Dec 2012

    The UK government today announced plans to spend £600 million for scientific research, in part as a means for promoting economic growth. Evidence provided by research findings in a 2008 study by RAND Europe, the Health Economics Research Group at Brunel University, and the Office of Health Economics suggests that the proposal could lead to a good return on investment. The study estimated that the health and GDP gains from UK public and charitable investments in cardiovascular disease research is equivalent to an annual rate of return of around 39%.

  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    06 Nov 2012

    Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

  • RAND Europe Supports Humanitarian Centre's Global Health Year and Report

    29 Oct 2012

    The Humanitarian Centre and its partners released its 2012 Cambridge International Development Report, Partnerships for global health: pathways to progress; RAND Europe researchers Sonja Marjanovic and Emma Pitchforth, among others, supported this effort and contributed to the report. RAND Europe looks forward to continuing its relationship with the Centre in 2013, as their focus turns toward poverty and sustainability.

  • Analysis of EU Survey Suggests Ways to Manage Psychosocial Risks at Work

    22 Oct 2012

    Analysis of data collected in the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks finds that establishments on the whole appear to be taking systemic approaches to the management of psychosocial risks. The size of establishment and country are the strongest determinants of the scope of managing these risks, but management of psychosocial risks in European establishments appears to lag behind the management of general occupational safety and health risks.

  • Engaging Clinicians in Improving Healthcare Quality

    02 Oct 2012

    Governments in the UK have attempted to establish quality improvements, but new procedures have often fostered ill feeling and may have encouraged the opposite behaviour. RAND Europe evaluated the outcomes of a major study on how to engage clinicians in different disciplines in improving the quality of the healthcare they provide; the result is the UK's most extensive systematic body of evidence on engaging clinicians in quality improvement.

  • Understanding the Interactions Between Public–Private Partnerships and Personalised Medicine

    28 Sep 2012

    The field of personalised or stratified medicine is evolving alongside the formation of a plethora of public-private partnerships. Such collaborations are at the core of the set of new life sciences policies in the UK, but the rationale and basis for collaboration remains unclear and there is little indication in policy documents of clear boundaries for them. An article in the journal New Biotechnology discusses some of the drivers and dynamics of these collaborations.

  • Harmonising European Border Control

    28 Sep 2012

    While risk analysis is used in a variety of national contexts for border management, there is variation in how risk analysis is performed and in the organisational and institutional context for its use. RAND Europe assisted EU Member States and Frontex with establishing a practical baseline from which to then identify best practices and help raise standards in the production and use of risk analyses as part of EU border management. The report offered recommendations for optimising Frontex’s control and surveillance of external borders, and helped to further harmonisation of standards among EU Member States’ approaches to border control and risk assessment.

  • Measuring Intellectual Property Rights Infringements

    27 Sep 2012

    Current methods for estimating the impact of IPR infringements, such as counterfeit goods or unauthorised downloads, are unreliable; estimates vary from $200 million to $600 million per year globally. RAND Europe developed a low-cost method that can be applied to products, firms, or markets. When used to estimate counterfeiting impacts on a technology firm's 45 products selling in 14 countries, this method generated results similar to those from costly mystery shopping.

  • Peer Worker Programme Shows Positive Early Impacts, But Opportunities for Improvement Exist

    04 Sep 2012

    Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust asked RAND Europe to evaluate the early stages of its peer worker programme, an initiative in which people with personal experience of mental health challenges are employed to support those currently receiving services. The evaluation indicated that the programme is having a positive impact and also highlighted a number of areas for improvement associated with its implementation.