Summaries of Completed Research

  • Analysing the Illicit Drug Market in the EU

    12 Aug 2013

    To provide "further analysis on the EU illicit drugs market and responses to it", RAND, Trimbos Institute and the Institute for Criminal Policy Research conducted a follow-up to the 2009 EC-supported report on global illicit drug markets. RAND and its partners provide analysis on a range of issues including the flexibility of illicit drug suppliers to move in and out of other illegal markets and the costs of producing and trafficking cannabis in the EU

  • Modelling Transport Demand in Sydney, Australia

    24 Jul 2013

    Transport for New South Wales (TfNSW) operates the Sydney Strategic Travel Model (STM) to inform long term transport planning, policy development, and infrastructure assessment in Greater Sydney, Australia. RAND Europe has implemented new travel frequency, mode, and destination model components of the STM, and has recently further improved the commute mode-destination model. Previous work extended the model scope to include toll road choice for car drivers, and park-and-ride and kiss-and-ride access to train, and analysed and enhanced the pivoting component of the STM that helps to predict future travel patterns.

  • Consumers' Responsiveness to Alcohol Multi-buy Sales Promotions

    22 Jul 2013

    Multi-buy promotions have a large impact on which alcohol products consumers purchase, according to stated-preference research by RAND Europe for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs. The overall impact on all alcohol purchasing is somewhat smaller, though still substantial: Moderate drinkers are more likely to be swayed by these promotions, but because hazardous and harmful drinkers purchase much higher volumes of alcohol, the absolute impact on these groups is higher.

  • How Europe's Changing Population Will Impact Income Inequality

    19 Jul 2013

    Groups of the EU population most at risk of poverty that are likely to grow in size include the elderly and migrants, as well as elderly women and single heads of households. Successfully managing the transition to an increasingly aging population while continuing to maintain high welfare standards will depend upon continuing reform of pensions systems, healthcare systems and labor markets.

  • Providing Support for Children with Special Education Needs

    17 Jul 2013

    The sharing of best practices on the provision of support for children with special education needs (SEN) is lacking at the European level; this is compounded by the absence of pan-European data and comparable country data on the prevalence of SEN. Nevertheless, a political consensus has emerged on the importance of effective diagnosis and early intervention, followed by inclusive education, or placement of children with SEN in mainstream education, rather than offering special schooling.

  • Potential Savings by Integrating Land Force Personnel across EU Member States

    11 Jul 2013

    Matt Bassford, director of the RAND Europe Defence & Security team, was at the Brussels press launch of a report from the Bertelsmann Stiftung: The European Added Value of EU Spending. Bassford and RAND Europe colleagues contributed a major case study to the report, on the potential savings from integrating land force personnel across EU Member States

  • Hospital Leadership Training Programme Contributes to Improved Care Quality

    02 Jul 2013

    Leadership is widely seen to be central to improving the quality of healthcare. RAND Europe evaluated a leadership training programme at a large hospital trust to determine whether it might help to promote quality improvement and performance within the healthcare environment. Our findings suggest that there is potential for combined leadership training and quality improvement programmes to contribute to strengthening a culture of care quality in healthcare organisations.

  • How Can Research Be Evaluated?

    01 Jul 2013

    There are many different evaluation frameworks to choose from, and many tools for gathering appropriate data to use within frameworks, but no single approach works in all contexts and for all purposes. RAND Europe has compiled a comprehensive list of evaluation tools and techniques, including when each might be most useful; the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches; and the context in which each of 14 different frameworks has been used before.

  • Current Developments in Parenting Support in European Member States

    17 Jun 2013

    As part of the European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC), the European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion asked RAND Europe to review parenting support initiatives in Europe. The scope, organisation, delivery and funding of parenting support services varies considerably across and within Member States. Nevertheless, a common set of characteristic features of parenting support can be identified in the European context.

  • Informing Decision-making to Improve Women's and Children's Health

    13 Jun 2013

    Policy and decision makers require timely, reliable and high quality evidence to improve and accelerate progress for women's and children's health globally. In work commissioned by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the Implementation Research Platform (hosted by the World Health Organization), RAND Europe examined the potential for different mechanisms to enable evidence-informed policymaking in the Asia and the Pacific region.

  • Availability of Novel and Niche Tobacco and Nicotine Products Varies Across EU

    07 Jun 2013

    There are increasingly diverse tobacco and nicotine products, including waterpipes and new products such as electronic cigarettes or dissolvable smokeless tobacco. Many of these are marketed as 'less harmful' than cigarettes, or suggested to help quit smoking, but their health impacts remain inadequately understood. Unfortunately, the evidence on the availability and use of these products in Europe is patchy, with high variability in both the quality of data and the regulatory environment.

  • Examining the EU's Military Capabilities for Cyber Defence

    24 May 2013

    The European Defence Agency (EDA) asked RAND Europe and FRS to compile an inventory of cyber defence capabilities at the European level (in the context of EU-led missions) and of European Member States. The research gathered empirical evidence on a range of defence capabilities; analysed and charted the interdependencies between military capabilities and other organisations; and reviewed arrangements for cyber defence at the EU level.

  • European Fire and Rescue in Focus

    22 May 2013

    To inform a Danish government review of service provision, RAND conducted a benchmarking study of European fire and rescue services. The research analysed developments in European fire and rescue since 2000; highlighted limitations in international fire statistics; and provided data-rich Scottish, Dutch and German case studies to provide valuable analysis of procurement, training and civil contingencies regimes.

  • Developing Models to Predict Future High-Speed Rail Demand in Britain

    16 May 2013

    Within a consortium of consultancies, RAND Europe has contributed to the development of models to predict future passenger rail demand to assess the benefits of the proposed high-speed rail between London, Birmingham, Manchester and further afield. Our contribution in this work consisted of improving the quality of the travel demand models by using the best available evidence to improve the estimation of key model parameters.

  • Supporting the Designation of Academic Health Science Centres (AHSCs) in England

    03 May 2013

    To support the English Department of Health's AHSC competition in 2013, RAND Europe has analysed various types of publicly available data and quality assessments in the domains of medical research and health education. The analysis presented in this report is intended to assist potential applicants in deciding whether to submit a pre-qualifying questionnaire as part of the procurement process, and subsequently to inform the deliberations of the selection panel for the AHSCs.

  • Peer Review Not the Only Option for Selecting Research Projects to Fund

    18 Apr 2013

    As a method for awarding research funding, peer review suffers from many drawbacks and yet is by far the most commonly used method to make funding decisions. RAND Europe revised and updated its pack of Alternatives to Peer Review to inspire funders to practise and test alternative methods for picking research winners.

  • Examining the Future Outlook for Breast Cancer in the UK

    05 Apr 2013

    Breakthrough Breast Cancer, a UK-based research charity, commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a study to determine the future outlook for breast cancer. This work informed the development of Breakthrough’s future strategic direction, helping them to achieve the best possible outcomes for people affected by breast cancer.

  • Measuring Consumer Preferences for Postal Services

    05 Apr 2013

    When it comes to European postal services, it is clear that different market segments have different needs. RAND Europe, in conjunction with Accent and Swiss Economics, undertook a study for the European Commission to help identify consumer needs in relation to postal services. Among the conclusions: big business valued letter services more than did small and medium enterprises or the public, whereas all consumers valued parcel services as well as high levels of reliability and low levels of loss. The research was conducted using stated preference experiments in three countries.

  • Does Changing Relationships Between Healthcare Service Users and Providers Improve the Quality of Care?

    01 Apr 2013

    The Health Foundation encourages quality improvement by changing the relationships between people and health services. The evidence of how such interventions improve the quality of care is unfortunately patchy and sometimes contradictory, however, and there is therefore a need to better understand the mechanisms underlying interventions and to make explicit assumptions about how they are expected to change outcomes.

  • Assessing Research Impact: An International Review of the Excellence in Innovation for Australia Trial

    26 Mar 2013

    The Excellence in Innovation for Australia (EIA) Impact Assessment Trial aimed to assess the non-academic impact of research generated by a subset of Australian universities, and act as a pilot for a potential companion piece to the next Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), a nationwide performance assessment of Australian universities. RAND Europe's evaluation of the Trial found it to be a successful process, but identified a number of areas of improvement, especially if it is scaled up to a national level.

  • Examining How Regulatory Cultures Affect Research Governance

    05 Mar 2013

    Health research governance in the UK has been the subject of much debate and discussion in recent years as existing regulatory approaches and processes have been consolidated and reconsidered. Researchers looked at the behavior of regulated sectors in different areas and countries—including medical drugs, financial services, and environmental sectors—to seek relevant lessons to help understand the impact of regulation on health research governance.

  • Reducing Re-Offending Behaviours of Terrorist Offenders

    14 Feb 2013

    RAND Europe explored the effectiveness of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) program in reducing the re-offending potential of UK terrorist offenders. The team explored potential for multi-agency information sharing and assessed risk of terrorist offenders under MAPPA supervision. Results evaluated the program’s effectiveness and established methods of measuring ongoing success.

  • Analysis of Cyber-Threats Informs Swedish Strategy

    06 Feb 2013

    How do governments characterise cyber-threats? What role does law enforcement play in tackling cyber-crime in different countries? These are some of the questions RAND Europe investigated on behalf of the Swedish National Defence College’s Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS) as part of a rapid comparative analysis of the integration of cyber-security within national and transnational defence and security frameworks. This study supports CATS in their assignment to gather evidence to inform the development of the Swedish Cyber Security Strategy.

  • Projecting the Healthcare and Economic Burden of Hepatitis C in the UK

    14 Jan 2013

    Hepatitis C is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, end-stage cirrhosis and liver cancer. To contribute to better understanding of the burden associated with HCV infection in the UK, RAND Europe estimated the prevalence and the number of deaths that can be attributed to HCV-infection and assessed the healthcare and societal costs that are associated with HCV infection under different scenarios of diagnosis and treatment rates. The findings suggest that increasing treatment rates of those with HCV infection is associated with a gain in productivity.

  • Good Practice Guide Addresses Network and Information Security Aspects of Cybercrime

    14 Jan 2013

    The sharing and exchange of information between Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) and the law enforcement community in Europe face several legal and operational barriers. A range of factors can hinder information exchange, including the different character of each community, different objectives and ways of working. Concrete efforts to foster greater trust include sharing information on capabilities and services offered. RAND Europe offers recommendations both for CERTs and law enforcement and also for policy-makers in Brussels.