Summaries of Completed Research

  • Learning from Medical Breakthroughs to Improve Treatment for Dementia

    04 Aug 2015

    Aiming to better understand the contexts that have contributed to breakthroughs in treatment, this project analysed breakthroughs in four conditions of ill health and sought to identify potentially transferable lessons for the dementia context.

  • Key Skills and Competences for Defence

    30 Jul 2015

    RAND Europe identified key skills and competences for the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base and developed a range of potential measures that could help to address some of the problems identified in the labour market for defence key skills.

  • The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative's Capacity Building Activities in East Africa

    30 Jul 2015

    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) helps to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries. RAND Europe evaluated its capacity-building activities — including training, advocacy and broader community engagement activities — in Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda.

  • Leadership as a Health Research Policy Intervention

    21 Jul 2015

    The National Institute of Health Research Leadership Programme was established in 2009 to develop the leadership skills and capabilities of current and future NIHR researchers. RAND Europe undertook a 2-year real-time evaluation of the second phase of the programme in 2012-2014.

  • Mid-Term Review of the Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund (SIEF)

    10 Jul 2015

    At the request of the Department for International Development, researchers conducted a mid-term review of SIEF and drafted recommendations to support the future development of SIEF and to help ensure that SIEF can generate an impact in the future.

  • Accelerated Access Review of Innovative Medicines and Medical Technologies

    10 Jul 2015

    RAND Europe supported the Accelerated Access Review of innovative medicines and medical technologies by examining international examples of accelerating the use of drugs, devices and diagnostics. One key conclusion is that a systems approach to speeding up the adoption of medical innovation will be necessary.

  • Examining the Bibliometric Performance of the Cambridge Neuroscience Network

    06 Jul 2015

    To inform and support Cambridge Neuroscience in their strategic direction, RAND Europe conducted a biblometric analysis that provides evidence on the research performance of the network (and its constituent researchers and organisational units) and explores collaboration dynamics.

  • Examining Staff Experience, Knowledge, and Views of Self-Inflicted Deaths of Young Adults in Custody

    01 Jul 2015

    To inform Lord Harris’s Review into Self-inflicted Deaths in NOMS Custody amongst 18-24 year olds, RAND Europe and the Prisons Research Centre and Faculty of Law at the University of Cambridge examined staff experience and knowledge of prevention techniques.

  • Examining the Feasibility of Time-of-Day Tolls to Reduce Congestion

    19 Jun 2015

    To reduce traffic along a heavily congested Texas toll road, researchers used stated preference surveys and discrete choice models to understand how motorists will respond to alternative time-of-day pricing policies.

  • Evaluating the Impact of the NIHR Invention for Innovation (i4i) Programme

    11 Jun 2015

    The i4i programme supports the development of innovative medical technologies and their translation into clinical practice. RAND Europe evaluated i4i to identify its impacts and the factors influencing performance.

  • The Future of Anticoagulation to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

    02 Jun 2015

    As the heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, the Future of Anticoagulation initiative explored current and future landscapes for AF-related stroke prevention. As part of that initiative RAND Europe recommends efforts to target awareness, education and maintaining engagement across health services.

  • Health, Wellbeing and Productivity in the Workplace

    22 May 2015

    Using data collected in an employer and employee survey for the Britain’s Healthiest Company competition, RAND Europe produced a study detailing the relationship between a broad set of health and lifestyle risk factors and workplace productivity, albeit with a number of significant caveats. Our findings suggest that lack of sleep, financial concerns and giving unpaid care to family members negatively affect productivity.

  • Cambridge Workers Surveyed about Quality of Life

    21 May 2015

    To better its understanding of what the typical employee of a Cambridge business feels about their current quality of life, RAND Europe conducted a survey targeted at the working population of Cambridge. Housing and traffic were the greatest concerns, while leisure, education and health were associated with local area satisfaction.

  • Examining the Possible Consequences of Deliberate Attacks on Tankers

    13 May 2015

    Maritime terrorism and piracy pose a security threat to tanker transportation around the world. The European Commission (DG MOVE) commissioned RAND Europe to lead a study on the possible consequences of a deliberate attack against liquefied natural gas, oil and chemical tankers. The study considered a range of potential threat scenarios and seeks to inform discussion on effective mitigation strategies in the face of these threats.

  • Comparing Higher Education Entrance Qualifications and Exams in Europe

    11 May 2015

    The European Union considers higher education to have an obligation to help improve the acquisition of skills necessary for economic growth. An analysis of admission systems to higher education across ten countries, including EU members and international comparators, recommends ways university admissions systems can tackle the increasing demand for university education in an era of declining resources available per student.

  • Assessing the Public Perception of Security and Privacy in Europe

    30 Mar 2015

    Security technologies and related measures are implemented to mitigate likely risks from terrorist attacks and other threats, but these technologies and measures may compete with privacy and civil liberties. RAND Europe participated in PACT, a 3-year EU-funded research project to assess existing knowledge about the relation between security and privacy; collect empirical evidence through a pan-European survey; and analyze the main factors that affect how the public perceives the security and privacy implications of security technology.

  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    30 Mar 2015

    Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

  • Evaluating the Submission Process for the Research Excellence Framework's Impact Element

    25 Mar 2015

    To formulate evidence-based conclusions and recommendations for improving the processes of preparing submissions for impact assessment, the higher education funding councils for England, Scotland and Wales asked RAND Europe to work with a sample of higher education institutions to evaluate the submission process for the impact element of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.

  • Evaluating the Assessment Process for the Impact Element of REF 2014

    25 Mar 2015

    Following RAND Europe's evaluation of the Research Excellence Framework submission process, the four UK higher education funding bodies commissioned an evaluation of the assessment process for the impact element of the REF 2014.

  • Assessing Measures Against Organised Crime

    23 Mar 2015

    The EU has initiated a number of measures to encourage cooperation between Member States to address organised crime. This study examined - in each of the 28 Member States - how the EU Council Framework Decision on Organised Crime has been transposed. It identified national criminal law and investigative tools used in the fight against organised crime and how these tools were used in practice.

  • Improving Infant and Maternal Health in Rural Nigeria

    18 Mar 2015

    The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the MSS. A nested qualitative study led by RAND Europe evaluated nine primary care clinics that appeared to be having differing success in terms of recruitment/retention of midwives and uptake of services.

  • Exploring Best Practices in Medical Training from an International Perspective

    17 Mar 2015

    An exploration of approaches to medical education and training in a small number of high-income countries — namely, England, France, and the Netherlands — may help inform the further development of medical education and training for primary care in Germany. Researchers examine how countries are reforming these approaches to better meet the needs of the changing healthcare environment and how they address shortages of doctors practising in primary care through education and training. A German language version of this report is also available.

  • Assessing the Feasibility of Analysing Foreign Funding of Islamic Institutions

    13 Mar 2015

    The Netherlands Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) asked RAND Europe to assess the feasibility of conducting a full analysis of the size, scope and potential influence of foreign funding to Islamic institutions in the Netherlands.

  • Estimating the Value of Mobile Telephony in Mobile Network 'Not-Spots'

    12 Mar 2015

    Around 80,000 premises in the UK are located in areas without mobile phone coverage – referred to as “not-spots”. Residents and businesses in these areas would be willing to pay for a mobile phone signal, according to RAND Europe research. Further, these areas may not be sustainable in the longer term without a signal, due to the negative impacts on business profits.

  • Assessing the Use of Pooled Resource Approaches by Local Authorities in the UK

    12 Mar 2015

    To help establish a case for a new approach to public service transformation, the Local Government Association (LGA) sought a robust and compelling evidence base in support of what can be achieved for residents through using a ‘pooled resources’ approach.