The growth of the internet as a tool for engagement between individuals means it has also become an increasingly important 'space' for business innovation. There is a demand for, and market in, information; and there are concerns to protect personal data. RAND Europe led a consortium, commissioned by the European Parliament, to study these issues and related policies. The study explores ways to promote internet-based innovation and competition in the EU while respecting citizens' right to privacy.
The UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) was interested in understanding the effectiveness of interventions designed to change energy use behaviour in the home. They commissioned RAND Europe to assess the state of knowledge about “what works”, by systematically reviewing previous trials and initiatives, drawing on evidence from the UK and abroad. This review has informed DECC’s November 2012 Energy Efficiency Strategy, which sets out their policy direction for decades to come.
RAND Europe completed the third phase of a study of high-speed rail options in Norway. Analysis done as part of the earlier phases provided initial insight in to the likely levels of demand, and the new phase provided a fuller analysis of the demand on different strategic routes to inform the decisions to be taken by the Norwegian government about high-speed rail options in the country.
The Dutch National Security Strategy utilizes a risk assessment model to protect society and civilians within its territory from internal and external threats. RAND Europe examined the validity of the preference profiles and associated weighting used in the analysis of the Dutch National Risk Assessment. The report provides advice and recommendations to the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice on which method is most suitable and on how best to reflect the views of the public in the National Risk Assessment.
The UK government today announced plans to spend £600 million for scientific research, in part as a means for promoting economic growth. Evidence provided by research findings in a 2008 study by RAND Europe, the Health Economics Research Group at Brunel University, and the Office of Health Economics suggests that the proposal could lead to a good return on investment. The study estimated that the health and GDP gains from UK public and charitable investments in cardiovascular disease research is equivalent to an annual rate of return of around 39%.
Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.
The Humanitarian Centre and its partners released its 2012 Cambridge International Development Report, Partnerships for global health: pathways to progress
; RAND Europe researchers Sonja Marjanovic and Emma Pitchforth, among others, supported this effort and contributed to the report. RAND Europe looks forward to continuing its relationship with the Centre in 2013, as their focus turns toward poverty and sustainability.
Analysis of data collected in the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks finds that establishments on the whole appear to be taking systemic approaches to the management of psychosocial risks. The size of establishment and country are the strongest determinants of the scope of managing these risks, but management of psychosocial risks in European establishments appears to lag behind the management of general occupational safety and health risks.
Governments in the UK have attempted to establish quality improvements, but new procedures have often fostered ill feeling and may have encouraged the opposite behaviour. RAND Europe evaluated the outcomes of a major study on how to engage clinicians in different disciplines in improving the quality of the healthcare they provide; the result is the UK's most extensive systematic body of evidence on engaging clinicians in quality improvement.
The field of personalised or stratified medicine is evolving alongside the formation of a plethora of public-private partnerships. Such collaborations are at the core of the set of new life sciences policies in the UK, but the rationale and basis for collaboration remains unclear and there is little indication in policy documents of clear boundaries for them. An article in the journal New Biotechnology
discusses some of the drivers and dynamics of these collaborations.
Harmonising European Border Control — 28 Sep 2012
While risk analysis is used in a variety of national contexts for border management, there is variation in how risk analysis is performed and in the organisational and institutional context for its use. RAND Europe assisted EU Member States and Frontex with establishing a practical baseline from which to then identify best practices and help raise standards in the production and use of risk analyses as part of EU border management. The report offered recommendations for optimising Frontex’s control and surveillance of external borders, and helped to further harmonisation of standards among EU Member States’ approaches to border control and risk assessment.
Current methods for estimating the impact of IPR infringements, such as counterfeit goods or unauthorised downloads, are unreliable; estimates vary from $200 million to $600 million per year globally. RAND Europe developed a low-cost method that can be applied to products, firms, or markets. When used to estimate counterfeiting impacts on a technology firm's 45 products selling in 14 countries, this method generated results similar to those from costly mystery shopping.
Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust asked RAND Europe to evaluate the early stages of its peer worker programme, an initiative in which people with personal experience of mental health challenges are employed to support those currently receiving services. The evaluation indicated that the programme is having a positive impact and also highlighted a number of areas for improvement associated with its implementation.
Despite spending more on health care, the United States continues to lag behind the UK, France and Germany for deaths that could be avoided by timely and effective health interventions, known as amenable mortality. A study by Ellen Nolte shows that between 1999 and 2007 the amenable mortality from childhood infections, treatable cancers, diabetes and circulatory diseases fell at a faster rate in all three European nations than in the U.S.
The Internet has transformed our daily lives and revolutionised the way we do business, and it promises to fuel economies and improve well-being in the future. But Europe has been slower than the US, Korea or Japan to capture the full benefits of the Internet economy. Investing in new technologies and applications has considerable economic potential for Europe, but only if some tough choices are made and barriers to EU international competitiveness can be overcome.
RAND Europe and colleagues from the University of East Anglia estimated the costs of six proposed schemes to expand Natural England's Walking for Health programme. Results provide useful insight into economic costs of running local Walking for Health schemes, and the overarching national support programme.
Europol, the European Police Office, became an entity of the EU on 1 January 2010 as a result of the Europol Council Decision (ECD). RAND Europe and Bluelight Global Solutions examined the implementation of the ECD and its impact on Europol's performance, to inform decisionmaking with regard to a future Europol regulation. The research team's evaluation was wide in scope, covering Europol’s operational activities, administrative and governance issues, as well as stakeholder relationships.
Many cash transfer programmes designate women and mothers as transfer recipients, on the assumption that doing so will lead to better outcomes. RAND undertook a systematic review for the UK Department for International Development to assess whether transferring cash to women rather than men in low- and middle-income countries has a greater impact on household well-being.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags offer benefits to product lifecycle management and can help indicate how best to recycle products, but they also introduce extraneous metals and materials into the recycling stream. RAND Europe and its two research partners explored the environmental impact and advantages of using RFID tags and provide recommendations based on their findings.
To better understand the factors that affect doctors' behaviour and decision making, the UK General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned RAND Europe to study the factors that encourage or discourage doctors from acting in accordance with good practice. This research sought to enable the GMC, which regulates and licenses medical professionals in the UK, to inform the development of policy and a programme of work aimed at supporting doctors to adhere to good practice in the care and management of patients.
Although concerns about cyber-security are one of the top five global risks identified by the World Economic Forum, it is less clear whether the market for cyber-insurance is sufficiently mature. ENISA asked RAND Europe to explore what might inhibit such a market and investigate incentives to kick-start its development. Recommendations include collecting more empirical evidence, exploring the scope for collective action or redress, develop frameworks to help firms appraise the value of their information, and explore the role of government as an insurer of last resort.
Examining what health and care in two London boroughs might be like in 2030 was the goal of the Exploring our Futures project. Analysis by RAND Europe, in collaboration with The King's Fund and Idenk, informed a series of interactive events where participants, from different sectors across the boroughs, discussed and planned for future challenges. The research team also developed a resource to inform strategy beyond the lifetime of the project.
Open innovation has gained increased attention as a potential paradigm for improving innovation performance, but one under-researched type of innovation is crowdsourcing, where a crowd is tasked with solving problems which solution seekers anticipate to be empirically provable. An exploration of who is using this form of innovation and how, looking at the potential diversity and core features and variables implicated in crowdsourcing models, can help organisations understand the effectiveness, best practices, challenges and implications of crowdsourcing.
Defence and Security program director Matt Bassford says cognitive dissonance appears to be alive and well in European governments when it comes to their thinking on the defence industry. In the summer 2012 issue of Defence Management Journal, he says the remedy appropriately "contains two elements: further liberalisation to reduce over-capacity combined with new interventions to nurture critical technologies and retain competitive systems integration capability in Europe."
RAND Europe explored trends in alcohol pricing policies prevalent in many EU Member States such as price promotions and discounts both off-premise (e.g. supermarkets) and on-premise (e.g. restaurants and pubs), as well as analysing the impact of changes in excise duty on purchase price. Findings suggest that, depending on the price sensitivity of consumers and other strategies employed by suppliers (e.g. advertising), changes in excise duty may be an effective instrument to reduce harmful alcohol consumption.