Summaries of Completed Research

  • Exploring Best Practices in Medical Training from an International Perspective

    17 Mar 2015

    An exploration of approaches to medical education and training in a small number of high-income countries — namely, England, France, and the Netherlands — may help inform the further development of medical education and training for primary care in Germany. Researchers examine how countries are reforming these approaches to better meet the needs of the changing healthcare environment and how they address shortages of doctors practising in primary care through education and training. A German language version of this report is also available.

  • Assessing the Feasibility of Analysing Foreign Funding of Islamic Institutions

    13 Mar 2015

    The Netherlands Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) asked RAND Europe to assess the feasibility of conducting a full analysis of the size, scope and potential influence of foreign funding to Islamic institutions in the Netherlands.

  • Estimating the Value of Mobile Telephony in Mobile Network 'Not-Spots'

    12 Mar 2015

    Around 80,000 premises in the UK are located in areas without mobile phone coverage – referred to as “not-spots”. Residents and businesses in these areas would be willing to pay for a mobile phone signal, according to RAND Europe research. Further, these areas may not be sustainable in the longer term without a signal, due to the negative impacts on business profits.

  • Assessing the Use of Pooled Resource Approaches by Local Authorities in the UK

    12 Mar 2015

    To help establish a case for a new approach to public service transformation, the Local Government Association (LGA) sought a robust and compelling evidence base in support of what can be achieved for residents through using a ‘pooled resources’ approach.

  • Evaluation of the Nigerian Midwives Service Scheme: Barriers and Facilitators to Implementation

    05 Mar 2015

    The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the MSS. A nested qualitative study led by RAND Europe evaluated nine primary care clinics that appeared to be having differing success in terms of recruitment/retention of midwives and uptake of services.

  • Using Innovation Models to Harness New Solutions for Defence

    04 Mar 2015

    Innovation is a complex system with many interacting factors, which means that 'magic bullet' solutions do not exist to enhance the innovation process. RAND Europe identified eight key factors that can be used to understand innovation systems and to focus effort on being able to harness innovation for the defence industry.

  • Validating the Outcomes of the 'Science 2.0: Science in Transition' Public Consultation

    26 Feb 2015

    ‘Science 2.0’ describes the on-going evolution in the modus operandi of doing research and organising science in Europe. RAND Europe reviewed the public consultation on this EU project and developed an interactive website on which participants and interested individuals could comment on the validation process of the public consultation.

  • A Rapid Evidence Assessment of Road Traffic Demand Elasticities in the UK

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers reviewed the literature for evidence on the key factors influencing road transport demand in the UK. Understanding how projected changes in economic and demographic trends affect future road traffic levels is important for strategic planning by policy makers in the transport sector.

  • Understanding the Factors Influencing Car Traffic Levels in Britain

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers have undertaken a rapid evidence assessment review of peer-reviewed papers and ‘grey’ literature to provide a better understanding of the recent levelling off in total miles driven in Britain. Understanding factors behind this trend can help policymakers plan for future infrastructure needs.

  • Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    12 Jan 2015

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

  • Mapping and Engaging Diaspora Communities in the EU and US

    29 Dec 2014

    Diasporas are increasingly seen by policymakers as important actors who might serve as a bridge between their countries of origin and countries where they have settled. Seeking to further improve relationships with third countries, the EC commissioned RAND Europe and IZA to map diasporas in the EU and the US, to survey diasporas’ perspectives on and preferences for engagement with policymakers, and to deliver concrete recommendations for policymakers interested in working with diaspora groups.

  • Examining Initiatives to Reduce Length of Stay in Hospital

    22 Dec 2014

    Measures to reduce the length of stay are among the main approaches to enhance a hospital's operational efficiency. RAND Europe has conducted a rapid review of the evidence of the effectiveness and efficiency of initiatives for reducing length of stay in hospital. The project examined the impact of these initiatives on the quality of care and patient experiences.

  • Using Emergency Department Data for Crime Prevention

    19 Dec 2014

    Data sharing among emergency departments and law enforcement is known to reduce crime. Researchers developed guidance for police practitioners in England and Wales on available hospital data and its potential uses, as well as on how to establish and maintain data-sharing partnerships with NHS partners.

  • Estimating the Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    11 Dec 2014

    The costs of failing to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) include a world population by 2050 that will be between 11 million and 444 million lower than it would otherwise be in the absence of AMR, and world GDP losses between $2.1 and $124.5 trillion.

  • Understanding How Labels Inform Consumers about Dangers of Alcohol Consumption

    25 Nov 2014

    To better understand the extent to which alcoholic beverage labelling is implemented in practice, and to assess the effectiveness of health-related information conveyed and presented on products, RAND Europe worked with partners at GfK to conduct fieldwork across EU Member States to examine beverage packaging and inform how labelling could be improved.

  • Towards Trust and Freedom in Science Funding: Venture Research

    21 Nov 2014

    Can scientists who question the ideas of their peers win funding? In the 1980s, BP's Venture Research Unit was formed around the idea that civilisation urgently needs the radical ideas of such scientists. RAND Europe has produced a concise summary of how the programme worked.

  • Making and Breaking Barriers: Assessing the Value of Mounted Police Units in the UK

    19 Nov 2014

    Mounted police have been part of British policing for the better part of two centuries but little was known about their work from an academic or practitioner standpoint. RAND Europe helped to investigate both quantitative and qualitative indicators relating to the value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, in an effort to understand how members of the public perceive and respond to mounted police deployments.

  • Examining Issues of Gender Equality in the EU

    29 Oct 2014

    Although equality between women and men is one of the founding values of the European Union, there are still considerable differences between men and women, both in the work force and at home, according to research conducted for the EC Directorate-General for Justice.

  • Grand Challenges in International Research Cooperation

    21 Oct 2014

    Horizon 2020, the EU’s biggest research funding programme, allows the EU to play a central role in solving some of the world’s grand societal challenges. To best meet these challenges, the EU should agree on strategic research agendas with partner countries including the US, India, and China, and to establish further links with other intergovernmental initiatives.

  • Developing EU Information Security and Data Protection Frameworks

    22 Sep 2014

    Has Brussels put its own house in order when it comes to information security and data privacy? RAND Europe research suggests that the EU institutions and agencies should review the rules that govern their information security and data privacy procedures if they want to be ahead of the ICT innovation curve.

  • Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    19 Sep 2014

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

  • Evaluating the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative

    12 Sep 2014

    An evaluation of the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative (AII) shows several successes as well as recommendations for the future. The AII funds consortia to build sustainable, independent health research capacity at African universities and research organisations, to promote research collaboration and to train individuals for research careers in Africa.

  • Book Offers Expert Overview of Choice Modelling

    08 Sep 2014

    Choice modelling is a key tool for the understanding of behaviour and is used to support decision-making in fields such as transportation, health economics, environmental analysis and marketing. The Handbook of Choice Modelling — edited by Andrew Daly and composed of contributions from Daly, Peter Burge, and other senior figures in the field — provides an authoritative and in-depth overview of the essential topics related to choice modelling.

  • Are You Sitting Comfortably?

    02 Sep 2014

    A range of emerging, but important, risks to our Internet-connected living room have implications for security and privacy, according to research by RAND Europe for Ofcom. Addressing these might require more action from government, industry and consumers alike.

  • Identifying Health Risks Associated with Recreational Bathing Waters

    19 Aug 2014

    A rapid evidence assessment conducted by RAND Europe confirmed an association between the quality of recreational bathing waters and the risk of gastrointestinal illness, particularly in fresh water. There is not yet, however, enough solid evidence to determine whether or not a revision to the European Bathing Directive (2006/7/EC) is needed, so more research in this area is recommended.