Summaries of Completed Research

  • Factors Influencing Students' Choice of University in England

    12 Jun 2014

    RAND Europe used choice experiments to provide fresh empirical evidence on the relative influence of tuition fee levels and other factors on the decisions of those choosing between universities. Employment prospects, living expenses, university location, course quality and tuition fees were all important.

  • Social Protection During the Economic Crisis: How Do Changes to Benefits Systems Affect Children?

    12 Jun 2014

    The economic crisis and its widespread effects have increased poverty and social exclusion risks, notably through cuts in public spending leading to underinvestment in child-focused policies. However, EU authorities increasingly realise that the austerity measures affecting the expenditure on early intervention and preventive policies may result in greater public spending in the future.

  • Measuring the Public Acceptability of Population-Level Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Consumption

    28 May 2014

    Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.

  • Female Representation in Academic Medicine

    25 Apr 2014

    In 2008 an independent working group commissioned by the UK Chief Medical Officer and led by Baroness Deech looked at the position and participation of women in the medical profession. RAND Europe updated and extended the Deech report to cover academic medicine in the UK, and demonstrate that although women are equally represented in medicine, they are under-represented in academic medicine.

  • Assessing the Real-World Data Policy Landscape for Health and Healthcare in Europe

    24 Apr 2014

    RAND Europe, supported by IBM, worked through a multi-method approach to assess different pathways for collecting and utilising real world data (RWD) in the health and healthcare sector. Based on a literature review, case studies, a small set of interviews of experts from public and private organisations, and a scenario-based workshop, researchers have outlined possible strategies to illustrate how the development of standards could facilitate RWD-based research.

  • SAFIRE Draws Lessons for European Counter-terrorism

    24 Apr 2014

    A multiyear study of radicalisation for the European Commission reviewed the evidence base and piloted an intervention to draw lessons for European counter-terrorism. Researchers ran a workshop to identify indicators of radicalisation and compared these with the evidence found in the literature.

  • Supporting the Development of a New Health R&D Strategy for Norway

    04 Apr 2014

    To help Norway develop a new research and innovation strategy for health and care services, RAND Europe conducted a series of rapid evidence reviews of the HelseOmsorg21 Strategy and offered a conceptual representation of the Norwegian health and care research system.

  • Local Context is Key in Successfully Using ARVs to Prevent HIV/AIDS

    31 Mar 2014

    The Mapping Pathways project, in which RAND Europe is a partner, explores the complex issues surrounding the use of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy as HIV prevention. The second phase of the project produced a report that brings together scientific evidence and community perspectives on four strategies for ARV-based HIV prevention and emphasises how local context shapes perception of evidence. Three subsequent workshops examine the local context in greater detail.

  • Mapping Smart Cities in the EU

    25 Mar 2014

    The European Parliament asked RAND Europe to provide background information and advice to their members on the role of Smart Cities initiatives and to explain how existing mechanisms perform. The researchers established a working definition of a Smart City and mapped the cities fitting this definition across the Member States. An analysis of the Smart Cities initiatives found that Smart Cities objectives should be more explicit, well defined and clearly aligned to city development, innovation plans and Europe 2020 to be successful.

  • Evaluation of the Structural Genomics Consortium

    10 Mar 2014

    The Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) is a not-for-profit, public-private partnership formed to support drug-discovery through pre-competitive structural biology research. The SGC has commissioned RAND Europe and Canada's Institute on Governance to provide an evaluation of its unique, open-access model, to understand the nature and diversity of its benefits for partnering organisations as well as for the wider research community.

  • Psychological Wellbeing and Work in the UK

    20 Jan 2014

    Mental ill-health is associated with high economic and social costs and represents a significant policy challenge in the UK: Mental health is now one of the leading reasons for people claiming sickness absence benefits. Public sector stakeholders commissioned RAND Europe to identify approaches to improve the effectiveness and alignment of health and employment services to achieve better employment outcomes for individuals with mental health problems.

  • Handling Ethical Problems in Counterterrorism

    13 Jan 2014

    Counterterrorism professionals routinely face decisions that may require trade-offs between moral values such as privacy, liberty, and security, and broader human rights considerations. But methods currently used in counterterrorism, as well as those from other sectors, may help guide ethical decisionmaking.

  • Modelling Long-Distance Travel in Great Britain

    09 Jan 2014

    Trips longer than 50 mi account for less than one-fortieth of all trips but nearly one-third of all distance traveled within Great Britain. Because they account for a substantial proportion of total distance traveled, particularly on motorways and rail, these trips are important for transport policy and have a substantial impact on congestion. RAND Europe developed a model to ensure proper treatment of the specific properties of long-distance travel; such treatment is essential for appraising the impact of transport policy aimed at this market, such as high-speed rail, highway construction and management policies, and policies directed toward domestic air travel.

  • How to Increase Value and Reduce Waste When Research Priorities Are Set

    08 Jan 2014

    Jonathan Grant has co-authored a paper on how to increase value and reduce waste when research priorities are set, launched today in The Lancet. The message is that policymakers, research funders and researchers must make more use of prior research results, systematic reviews and patients’ own views, when deciding what research to perform. It is also important to consider how to get the maximum impact from each research project, which RAND Europe researchers have explored in their Retrosight projects.

  • How ImpactFinder Can Aid Universities with the Research Excellence Framework

    06 Jan 2014

    Impact now plays a role in the allocation of research funding to UK universities through the Research Excellence Framework (REF), presenting universities with a new challenge: how best to capture research results and construct submissions to the REF. ImpactFinder is an analysis and advice package to help senior research leaders determine how best to identify research with the greatest impact and present it to the REF panels.

  • Multinational Overview of Cannabis Production Regimes

    20 Dec 2013

    The research arm of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice, WODC, has commissioned RAND Europe to conduct an international stocktaking of cannabis production initiatives. This report contains a multinational overview of cannabis production regimes, with a special focus on identifying and describing official statements and/or legal decisions made about production regimes for non-medical and non-scientific purposes (i.e., recreational use for adults). This research report describes the ways in which these policies developed in selected countries, and the legal, legislative and voters' decisions that shaped them.

  • EU Told: Focus on Health, not Wealth, for Long-Term Resilience

    18 Dec 2013

    In the face of global trends in demography, migration, education and empowerment, and alongside sluggish economic growth in Europe, the European Union needs to invest in its citizens. These are the recommendations put forth in Europe's Societal Challenges, a report by RAND Europe for ESPAS, the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System. The focus for incoming policymakers should not be wealth, as measured by GDP, but the socio-economic health of EU nations.

  • Exposure of Youth to Online Alcohol Marketing

    13 Dec 2013

    In 2011, online marketing became the largest marketing channel in the UK, overtaking television for the first time. Using commercially available data on Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter, the three most used social media websites among young people in the UK, we analysed by age and gender these sites' reach and impressions. Facebook was the social media site with the highest reach, with an average monthly reach of 89% of males and 91% of females aged 15–24. Moreover, all five of the alcohol brands studied maintained a Facebook page, Twitter page and YouTube channel, with varying levels of user engagement.

  • Exploring Future Technology Landscapes

    05 Dec 2013

    In recent decades, the centre of gravity for defence innovation has shifted from defence to the civilian sector. The UK MOD has developed successful approaches to improve its engagement with external innovators but should review its wider engagement across the supply chain, recognising that the civil sector now dominates most of the UK technology landscape.

  • British and Dutch Teens See More Alcohol Ads than Adults Do

    03 Dec 2013

    Adolescents in the Netherlands and the UK are more exposed to television alcohol advertising than adults, according to RAND Europe research, an effect not seen in Germany. The study looked at exposure to alcohol advertising and content of televised adverts in these three countries. An exploration of online alcohol marketing in the UK found high potential for adolescent exposure to alcohol marketing through social media websites.

  • Extending Copenhagen's Traffic Model May Help Reduce Congestion

    20 Nov 2013

    Copenhagen sees a lot of traffic, and congestion charging policies are currently high on the political agenda. The Danish Road Directorate asked RAND Europe, TetraPlan and Significance to extend the city's existing traffic model to predict time-of-day choice for car drivers. Doing so will allow planners to assess the effectiveness of different charging policies aimed at reducing congestion levels at particular times of day.

  • Examining Europe's Policy Options to Foster Development of the 'Internet of Things'

    06 Nov 2013

    The Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to fundamentally change the future, as billions of objects around us will be connected to make our lives easier. The European Commission hopes to devise a policy stance capable of fostering a dynamic and trustworthy IoT. RAND Europe research is informing this policy, based on the current state of play and probable developments, from a technological, economic and policy point of view.

  • Radicalisation in the Digital Era

    05 Nov 2013

    RAND Europe’s ground-breaking report on the use of the Internet in 15 cases of terrorism and extremism provides primary data on how the Internet is used by individuals in the process of their radicalisation. The study yields recommendations for framing policy responses to the use of the Internet in radicalisation. Our results suggest that while the Internet facilitates the radicalisation of individuals, it is not the sole driver of the process.

  • International Comparative Performance of Mental Health Research

    05 Nov 2013

    Scientific understanding of mental health and its neurobiological and psychosocial underpinnings has greatly increased in the last three decades. Yet, little is known about the landscape of this knowledge and how and where it is evolving. Through the Alliance for Mental Health Research, RAND Europe conducted a bibliometric assessment of mental health research (MHR) outputs from 1980 to 2011. The study demonstrated that bibliometrics can help highlight the potential drivers of variation in performance of MHR systems and provides an analytical basis for benchmarking MHR trends in the future.

  • Estimating the Cost of Untreated Opioid Dependence in the UK

    05 Nov 2013

    Understanding the costs of opioid dependence is important to inform drug policies and decision making. A targeted review of the harms of opioid dependence enabled an assessment of existing estimates of their costs and a proposed framework for developing new, more comprehensive estimates.