Summaries of Completed Research

  • Developing EU Information Security and Data Protection Frameworks

    22 Sep 2014

    Has Brussels put its own house in order when it comes to information security and data privacy? RAND Europe research suggests that the EU institutions and agencies should review the rules that govern their information security and data privacy procedures if they want to be ahead of the ICT innovation curve.

  • Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    19 Sep 2014

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

  • Evaluating the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative

    12 Sep 2014

    An evaluation of the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative (AII) shows several successes as well as recommendations for the future. The AII funds consortia to build sustainable, independent health research capacity at African universities and research organisations, to promote research collaboration and to train individuals for research careers in Africa.

  • Book Offers Expert Overview of Choice Modelling

    08 Sep 2014

    Choice modelling is a key tool for the understanding of behaviour and is used to support decision-making in fields such as transportation, health economics, environmental analysis and marketing. The Handbook of Choice Modelling — edited by Andrew Daly and composed of contributions from Daly, Peter Burge, and other senior figures in the field — provides an authoritative and in-depth overview of the essential topics related to choice modelling.

  • Are You Sitting Comfortably?

    02 Sep 2014

    A range of emerging, but important, risks to our Internet-connected living room have implications for security and privacy, according to research by RAND Europe for Ofcom. Addressing these might require more action from government, industry and consumers alike.

  • Identifying Health Risks Associated with Recreational Bathing Waters

    19 Aug 2014

    A rapid evidence assessment conducted by RAND Europe confirmed an association between the quality of recreational bathing waters and the risk of gastrointestinal illness, particularly in fresh water. There is not yet, however, enough solid evidence to determine whether or not a revision to the European Bathing Directive (2006/7/EC) is needed, so more research in this area is recommended.

  • Exploring the Future of Driving in Developing Countries

    15 Jul 2014

    The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries.

  • How to Measure the Capacity of Government to Deliver Policy

    20 Jun 2014

    The capacity of government to design and deliver policy matters a great deal to the success of a policy. RAND Europe has undertaken a range of projects that aim to better understand the capacity of public administration. Our view is that capacity-building in public administration often needs to be seen as a strategic objective in and by itself.

  • Estimating the Economic Returns on Cancer Research in the UK

    16 Jun 2014

    The UK government invests approximately £1.6 billion in medical research each year, and the British public donated £1.7 billion to medical research charities in 2012-13. Research shows that this funding delivers health gains for patients and also benefits the UK economy at a 40% return annually.

  • Factors Influencing Students' Choice of University in England

    12 Jun 2014

    RAND Europe used choice experiments to provide fresh empirical evidence on the relative influence of tuition fee levels and other factors on the decisions of those choosing between universities. Employment prospects, living expenses, university location, course quality and tuition fees were all important.

  • Measuring the Public Acceptability of Population-Level Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Consumption

    28 May 2014

    Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.

  • Assessing the Real-World Data Policy Landscape for Health and Healthcare in Europe

    24 Apr 2014

    RAND Europe, supported by IBM, worked through a multi-method approach to assess different pathways for collecting and utilising real world data (RWD) in the health and healthcare sector. Based on a literature review, case studies, a small set of interviews of experts from public and private organisations, and a scenario-based workshop, researchers have outlined possible strategies to illustrate how the development of standards could facilitate RWD-based research.

  • SAFIRE Draws Lessons for European Counter-terrorism

    24 Apr 2014

    A multiyear study of radicalisation for the European Commission reviewed the evidence base and piloted an intervention to draw lessons for European counter-terrorism. Researchers ran a workshop to identify indicators of radicalisation and compared these with the evidence found in the literature.

  • Supporting the Development of a New Health R&D Strategy for Norway

    04 Apr 2014

    To help Norway develop a new research and innovation strategy for health and care services, RAND Europe conducted a series of rapid evidence reviews of the HelseOmsorg21 Strategy and offered a conceptual representation of the Norwegian health and care research system.

  • Local Context is Key in Successfully Using ARVs to Prevent HIV/AIDS

    31 Mar 2014

    The Mapping Pathways project, in which RAND Europe is a partner, explores the complex issues surrounding the use of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy as HIV prevention. The second phase of the project produced a report that brings together scientific evidence and community perspectives on four strategies for ARV-based HIV prevention and emphasises how local context shapes perception of evidence. Three subsequent workshops examine the local context in greater detail.

  • Mapping Smart Cities in the EU

    25 Mar 2014

    The European Parliament asked RAND Europe to provide background information and advice to their members on the role of Smart Cities initiatives and to explain how existing mechanisms perform. The researchers established a working definition of a Smart City and mapped the cities fitting this definition across the Member States. An analysis of the Smart Cities initiatives found that Smart Cities objectives should be more explicit, well defined and clearly aligned to city development, innovation plans and Europe 2020 to be successful.

  • Evaluation of the Structural Genomics Consortium

    10 Mar 2014

    The Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) is a not-for-profit, public-private partnership formed to support drug-discovery through pre-competitive structural biology research. The SGC has commissioned RAND Europe and Canada's Institute on Governance to provide an evaluation of its unique, open-access model, to understand the nature and diversity of its benefits for partnering organisations as well as for the wider research community.

  • Understanding Intolerance in Western Europe

    27 Jan 2014

    Intolerance based on ethnic, national, racial and religious grounds is an area of high public concern, but there is relatively little empirical research that provides an overview of how apparently rising hate crime and growing support for some populist parties relate to wider public attitudes. The Open Society Foundation asked RAND Europe to assess existing evidence and map reported intolerance over time and across western European countries. With support of the RAND Europe Council of Advisors, researchers are expanding the geographical scope of the original project to include non-EU15 countries.

  • Psychological Wellbeing and Work in the UK

    20 Jan 2014

    Mental ill-health is associated with high economic and social costs and represents a significant policy challenge in the UK: Mental health is now one of the leading reasons for people claiming sickness absence benefits. Public sector stakeholders commissioned RAND Europe to identify approaches to improve the effectiveness and alignment of health and employment services to achieve better employment outcomes for individuals with mental health problems.

  • Handling Ethical Problems in Counterterrorism

    13 Jan 2014

    Counterterrorism professionals routinely face decisions that may require trade-offs between moral values such as privacy, liberty, and security, and broader human rights considerations. But methods currently used in counterterrorism, as well as those from other sectors, may help guide ethical decisionmaking.

  • Modelling Long-Distance Travel in Great Britain

    09 Jan 2014

    Trips longer than 50 mi account for less than one-fortieth of all trips but nearly one-third of all distance traveled within Great Britain. Because they account for a substantial proportion of total distance traveled, particularly on motorways and rail, these trips are important for transport policy and have a substantial impact on congestion. RAND Europe developed a model to ensure proper treatment of the specific properties of long-distance travel; such treatment is essential for appraising the impact of transport policy aimed at this market, such as high-speed rail, highway construction and management policies, and policies directed toward domestic air travel.

  • How to Increase Value and Reduce Waste When Research Priorities Are Set

    08 Jan 2014

    Jonathan Grant has co-authored a paper on how to increase value and reduce waste when research priorities are set, launched today in The Lancet. The message is that policymakers, research funders and researchers must make more use of prior research results, systematic reviews and patients’ own views, when deciding what research to perform. It is also important to consider how to get the maximum impact from each research project, which RAND Europe researchers have explored in their Retrosight projects.

  • EU Told: Focus on Health, not Wealth, for Long-Term Resilience

    18 Dec 2013

    In the face of global trends in demography, migration, education and empowerment, and alongside sluggish economic growth in Europe, the European Union needs to invest in its citizens. These are the recommendations put forth in Europe's Societal Challenges, a report by RAND Europe for ESPAS, the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System. The focus for incoming policymakers should not be wealth, as measured by GDP, but the socio-economic health of EU nations.

  • Exploring Future Technology Landscapes

    05 Dec 2013

    In recent decades, the centre of gravity for defence innovation has shifted from defence to the civilian sector. The UK MOD has developed successful approaches to improve its engagement with external innovators but should review its wider engagement across the supply chain, recognising that the civil sector now dominates most of the UK technology landscape.

  • Extending Copenhagen's Traffic Model May Help Reduce Congestion

    20 Nov 2013

    Copenhagen sees a lot of traffic, and congestion charging policies are currently high on the political agenda. The Danish Road Directorate asked RAND Europe, TetraPlan and Significance to extend the city's existing traffic model to predict time-of-day choice for car drivers. Doing so will allow planners to assess the effectiveness of different charging policies aimed at reducing congestion levels at particular times of day.