Summaries of Completed Research

  • Hospital Leadership Training Programme Contributes to Improved Care Quality

    02 Jul 2013

    Leadership is widely seen to be central to improving the quality of healthcare. RAND Europe evaluated a leadership training programme at a large hospital trust to determine whether it might help to promote quality improvement and performance within the healthcare environment. Our findings suggest that there is potential for combined leadership training and quality improvement programmes to contribute to strengthening a culture of care quality in healthcare organisations.

  • How Can Research Be Evaluated?

    01 Jul 2013

    There are many different evaluation frameworks to choose from, and many tools for gathering appropriate data to use within frameworks, but no single approach works in all contexts and for all purposes. RAND Europe has compiled a comprehensive list of evaluation tools and techniques, including when each might be most useful; the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches; and the context in which each of 14 different frameworks has been used before.

  • Current Developments in Parenting Support in European Member States

    17 Jun 2013

    As part of the European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC), the European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion asked RAND Europe to review parenting support initiatives in Europe. The scope, organisation, delivery and funding of parenting support services varies considerably across and within Member States. Nevertheless, a common set of characteristic features of parenting support can be identified in the European context.

  • Informing Decision-making to Improve Women's and Children's Health

    13 Jun 2013

    Policy and decision makers require timely, reliable and high quality evidence to improve and accelerate progress for women's and children's health globally. In work commissioned by the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the Implementation Research Platform (hosted by the World Health Organization), RAND Europe examined the potential for different mechanisms to enable evidence-informed policymaking in the Asia and the Pacific region.

  • Availability of Novel and Niche Tobacco and Nicotine Products Varies Across EU

    07 Jun 2013

    There are increasingly diverse tobacco and nicotine products, including waterpipes and new products such as electronic cigarettes or dissolvable smokeless tobacco. Many of these are marketed as 'less harmful' than cigarettes, or suggested to help quit smoking, but their health impacts remain inadequately understood. Unfortunately, the evidence on the availability and use of these products in Europe is patchy, with high variability in both the quality of data and the regulatory environment.

  • Examining the EU's Military Capabilities for Cyber Defence

    24 May 2013

    The European Defence Agency (EDA) asked RAND Europe and FRS to compile an inventory of cyber defence capabilities at the European level (in the context of EU-led missions) and of European Member States. The research gathered empirical evidence on a range of defence capabilities; analysed and charted the interdependencies between military capabilities and other organisations; and reviewed arrangements for cyber defence at the EU level.

  • European Fire and Rescue in Focus

    22 May 2013

    To inform a Danish government review of service provision, RAND conducted a benchmarking study of European fire and rescue services. The research analysed developments in European fire and rescue since 2000; highlighted limitations in international fire statistics; and provided data-rich Scottish, Dutch and German case studies to provide valuable analysis of procurement, training and civil contingencies regimes.

  • Developing Models to Predict Future High-Speed Rail Demand in Britain

    16 May 2013

    Within a consortium of consultancies, RAND Europe has contributed to the development of models to predict future passenger rail demand to assess the benefits of the proposed high-speed rail between London, Birmingham, Manchester and further afield. Our contribution in this work consisted of improving the quality of the travel demand models by using the best available evidence to improve the estimation of key model parameters.

  • Supporting the Designation of Academic Health Science Centres (AHSCs) in England

    03 May 2013

    To support the English Department of Health's AHSC competition in 2013, RAND Europe has analysed various types of publicly available data and quality assessments in the domains of medical research and health education. The analysis presented in this report is intended to assist potential applicants in deciding whether to submit a pre-qualifying questionnaire as part of the procurement process, and subsequently to inform the deliberations of the selection panel for the AHSCs.

  • Peer Review Not the Only Option for Selecting Research Projects to Fund

    18 Apr 2013

    As a method for awarding research funding, peer review suffers from many drawbacks and yet is by far the most commonly used method to make funding decisions. RAND Europe revised and updated its pack of Alternatives to Peer Review to inspire funders to practise and test alternative methods for picking research winners.

  • Examining the Future Outlook for Breast Cancer in the UK

    05 Apr 2013

    Breakthrough Breast Cancer, a UK-based research charity, commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a study to determine the future outlook for breast cancer. This work informed the development of Breakthrough’s future strategic direction, helping them to achieve the best possible outcomes for people affected by breast cancer.

  • Measuring Consumer Preferences for Postal Services

    05 Apr 2013

    When it comes to European postal services, it is clear that different market segments have different needs. RAND Europe, in conjunction with Accent and Swiss Economics, undertook a study for the European Commission to help identify consumer needs in relation to postal services. Among the conclusions: big business valued letter services more than did small and medium enterprises or the public, whereas all consumers valued parcel services as well as high levels of reliability and low levels of loss. The research was conducted using stated preference experiments in three countries.

  • Does Changing Relationships Between Healthcare Service Users and Providers Improve the Quality of Care?

    01 Apr 2013

    The Health Foundation encourages quality improvement by changing the relationships between people and health services. The evidence of how such interventions improve the quality of care is unfortunately patchy and sometimes contradictory, however, and there is therefore a need to better understand the mechanisms underlying interventions and to make explicit assumptions about how they are expected to change outcomes.

  • Assessing Research Impact: An International Review of the Excellence in Innovation for Australia Trial

    26 Mar 2013

    The Excellence in Innovation for Australia (EIA) Impact Assessment Trial aimed to assess the non-academic impact of research generated by a subset of Australian universities, and act as a pilot for a potential companion piece to the next Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), a nationwide performance assessment of Australian universities. RAND Europe's evaluation of the Trial found it to be a successful process, but identified a number of areas of improvement, especially if it is scaled up to a national level.

  • Examining How Regulatory Cultures Affect Research Governance

    05 Mar 2013

    Health research governance in the UK has been the subject of much debate and discussion in recent years as existing regulatory approaches and processes have been consolidated and reconsidered. Researchers looked at the behavior of regulated sectors in different areas and countries—including medical drugs, financial services, and environmental sectors—to seek relevant lessons to help understand the impact of regulation on health research governance.

  • Reducing Re-Offending Behaviours of Terrorist Offenders

    14 Feb 2013

    RAND Europe explored the effectiveness of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) program in reducing the re-offending potential of UK terrorist offenders. The team explored potential for multi-agency information sharing and assessed risk of terrorist offenders under MAPPA supervision. Results evaluated the program’s effectiveness and established methods of measuring ongoing success.

  • Analysis of Cyber-Threats Informs Swedish Strategy

    06 Feb 2013

    How do governments characterise cyber-threats? What role does law enforcement play in tackling cyber-crime in different countries? These are some of the questions RAND Europe investigated on behalf of the Swedish National Defence College’s Center for Asymmetric Threat Studies (CATS) as part of a rapid comparative analysis of the integration of cyber-security within national and transnational defence and security frameworks. This study supports CATS in their assignment to gather evidence to inform the development of the Swedish Cyber Security Strategy.

  • Projecting the Healthcare and Economic Burden of Hepatitis C in the UK

    14 Jan 2013

    Hepatitis C is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, end-stage cirrhosis and liver cancer. To contribute to better understanding of the burden associated with HCV infection in the UK, RAND Europe estimated the prevalence and the number of deaths that can be attributed to HCV-infection and assessed the healthcare and societal costs that are associated with HCV infection under different scenarios of diagnosis and treatment rates. The findings suggest that increasing treatment rates of those with HCV infection is associated with a gain in productivity.

  • Good Practice Guide Addresses Network and Information Security Aspects of Cybercrime

    14 Jan 2013

    The sharing and exchange of information between Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) and the law enforcement community in Europe face several legal and operational barriers. A range of factors can hinder information exchange, including the different character of each community, different objectives and ways of working. Concrete efforts to foster greater trust include sharing information on capabilities and services offered. RAND Europe offers recommendations both for CERTs and law enforcement and also for policy-makers in Brussels.

  • Forecasting Future Trends in Asian Navies’ Modernisation

    03 Jan 2013

    RAND Europe provided a forward-looking investigation of the modernisation of Asian navies for the French Ministry of Defence. Conducted with research partners in India and Japan, the report’s findings produced rigorous futures forecasting to inform the ongoing decision-making of Western naval forces.

  • Impact of the Data Protection Review on EU Innovation and Competitiveness

    21 Dec 2012

    RAND Europe provided the European Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy with a rapid assessment of the innovation and competitiveness impacts of the EU's proposed General Data Protection Regulation affecting: automated processing; control of data processing; and data transfers. The briefing considers a variety of perspectives—profiling; big data; cloud computing; and privacy-friendly technologies—and identifies a variety of impacts and areas for improvement.

  • What Types of Interventions Change Energy Using Behaviours?

    12 Dec 2012

    The UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) was interested in understanding the effectiveness of interventions designed to change energy use behaviour in the home. They commissioned RAND Europe to assess the state of knowledge about “what works”, by systematically reviewing previous trials and initiatives, drawing on evidence from the UK and abroad. This review has informed DECC’s November 2012 Energy Efficiency Strategy, which sets out their policy direction for decades to come.

  • Examining High-Speed Rail Options in Norway

    10 Dec 2012

    RAND Europe completed the third phase of a study of high-speed rail options in Norway. Analysis done as part of the earlier phases provided initial insight in to the likely levels of demand, and the new phase provided a fuller analysis of the demand on different strategic routes to inform the decisions to be taken by the Norwegian government about high-speed rail options in the country.

  • Validating the Preference Profiles for the Dutch National Risk Assessment

    10 Dec 2012

    The Dutch National Security Strategy utilizes a risk assessment model to protect society and civilians within its territory from internal and external threats. RAND Europe examined the validity of the preference profiles and associated weighting used in the analysis of the Dutch National Risk Assessment. The report provides advice and recommendations to the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice on which method is most suitable and on how best to reflect the views of the public in the National Risk Assessment.

  • Study Supports UK Government Estimates that Scientific Research Will Promote Economic Growth

    05 Dec 2012

    The UK government today announced plans to spend £600 million for scientific research, in part as a means for promoting economic growth. Evidence provided by research findings in a 2008 study by RAND Europe, the Health Economics Research Group at Brunel University, and the Office of Health Economics suggests that the proposal could lead to a good return on investment. The study estimated that the health and GDP gains from UK public and charitable investments in cardiovascular disease research is equivalent to an annual rate of return of around 39%.