Corruption—from paying bribes to exercising power, to giving privileged access to public services, goods or contracts—costs the EU up to €990bn annually in GDP, according to a study across all 28 EU member states.
To improve understanding of how local experiences of street gangs may have changed recently, and to better understand the national gangs picture and the challenges and emerging threats facing local areas, the UK Home Office commissioned RAND Europe to deliver research in 33 local areas which are part of the Ending Gang and Youth Violence programme.
The digital dependence in developed countries has led to a situation where security vulnerabilities and security incidents potentially come accompanied by serious consequences. With this in mind, RAND Europe investigated why, where and how organisations in critical infrastructure sectors invest in cybersecurity.
The Department of Health’s strategy for improving care and creating greater wealth through innovation, known as ‘Innovation, Health and Wealth’ (IHW), has the potential to systematically change the way the NHS operates. RAND Europe evaluated whether and how IHW actions have worked as planned and contributed to achieving the strategy's overarching aims.
The UK Ministry of Justice commissioned a process evaluation of an innovative funding mechanism implemented at a prison in the east of England, whereby private investors covered the costs of delivering public services to offenders on release from prison. RAND Europe's findings provide evidence and key lessons on the operation of this funding model, informing their possible use in a range of policy areas, in the UK and internationally.
Addressing terrorist threats to urban spaces is a particularly challenging task in the current security climate. As one of the 11 research institutes participating in the project, RAND Europe contributed to building a decision making framework that (i) supports security forces in responding more effectively to prevent attacks or (ii) limits the consequences of those attacks, with a particular interest in urban environments.
Research for the Higher Education Funding Council of England shows that five key themes are associated with high performance in UK higher education institutions: people; culture, values and leadership; strategy and funding; collaboration and networks; and institutional and departmental practice.
The Department for Education asked researchers to determine whether currently-available proxies for socioeconomic deprivation compare to the rich measures of socioeconomic circumstances in terms of their power to predict pupils’ underachievement.
The performance of health systems is a key determinant of the inclusiveness of economic growth. Exclusionary, poor quality health care worsens impoverishment, while inclusive health care redistributes the benefits of growth toward the poor and ill. With Kenya and Tanzania as case studies, RAND Europe is exploring the extent to which unexploited potential synergies between industrial development and health systems can strengthen and contribute to faster and more inclusive growth.
The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China.
The World Bank commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a stocktaking exercise to map the diversity of employment interventions in South Asia. In addition, RAND conducted a scoping review of international evidence on the impact of interventions.
To help defence policymakers understand the background and context regarding industrial 3-D printing and whether it could be useful for managing obsolescence in defence systems, RAND Europe collected and synthesised opinions of researchers in manufacturing and defence.
Researchers reviewed the evidence of effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and qualitative evidence on changing risk-related behaviours pertaining to antimicrobial use to inform the development of Department of Health/NICE guidelines aimed at delaying antimicrobial resistance.
The Digital Catapult targets market and innovation inefficiencies that likely inhibit the up-take of data-driven innovation across sectors. RAND Europe research frames thinking about how the Digital Catapult can contribute to economic productivity.
The European Commission Communication on Combating HIV/AIDS brought together interested parties from across the European region to draw up a set of targets and measures to be implemented. RAND Europe and Van Dijk Management Consultants evaluated the second Communication and accompanying action plan to assess its implementation and help the Commission formulate a new policy framework.
The number of people with dementia worldwide is predicted to rise threefold by 2050. Researchers conducted an analysis of the UK's dementia research landscape and workforce capacity to inform research funding and capacity building efforts to ensure proper treatment, prevention, care, and greater scientific understanding of this condition.
RAND Europe and Ecorys examined the challenges and opportunities of the socioeconomic inclusion of migrant EU workers and their families at local level. The research provides the European Commission with information on these challenges and opportunities within the framework of EU regulations on the coordination of social security systems.
The potential economic benefits of projects funded through the National Institute for Health Research’s Health Technology Assessment programme would go well beyond covering the programme’s costs, according to an assessment done by RAND Europe and based on a sample of 10 projects.
An assessment for the National Institute for Health Research of its Health Technology Assessment programme from 2003 to 2013 identified benefits resulting from the research that the programme funded, focusing in particular on its impact on health policy, practice and patients.
To help frame the debate on future EU membership in the context of UK health research, RAND Europe assessed the benefits and burdens of membership. This research, for the Department of Health, not only focuses on funding, but also looks at other aspects such as research environment, network effects, and knowledge spillovers. The project included a series of scenario-based workshops to explore future impact of EU funding.
Researchers designed a system through which The Research Council of Oman can measure the performance and impact of its funded research today and in the future. The team also collected data to set a baseline for a subset of the performance and impact indicators developed for the system.
Aiming to better understand the contexts that have contributed to breakthroughs in treatment, this project analysed breakthroughs in four conditions of ill health and sought to identify potentially transferable lessons for the dementia context.
RAND Europe identified key skills and competences for the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base and developed a range of potential measures that could help to address some of the problems identified in the labour market for defence key skills.
The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) helps to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries. RAND Europe evaluated its capacity-building activities — including training, advocacy and broader community engagement activities — in Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda.