Summaries of Completed Research

  • The Future of Anticoagulation to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

    02 Jun 2015

    As the heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, the Future of Anticoagulation initiative explored current and future landscapes for AF-related stroke prevention. As part of that initiative RAND Europe recommends efforts to target awareness, education and maintaining engagement across health services.

  • Health, Wellbeing and Productivity in the Workplace

    22 May 2015

    Using data collected in an employer and employee survey for the Britain’s Healthiest Company competition, RAND Europe produced a study detailing the relationship between a broad set of health and lifestyle risk factors and workplace productivity, albeit with a number of significant caveats. Our findings suggest that lack of sleep, financial concerns and giving unpaid care to family members negatively affect productivity.

  • Cambridge Workers Surveyed about Quality of Life

    21 May 2015

    To better its understanding of what the typical employee of a Cambridge business feels about their current quality of life, RAND Europe conducted a survey targeted at the working population of Cambridge. Housing and traffic were the greatest concerns, while leisure, education and health were associated with local area satisfaction.

  • Examining the Possible Consequences of Deliberate Attacks on Tankers

    13 May 2015

    Maritime terrorism and piracy pose a security threat to tanker transportation around the world. The European Commission (DG MOVE) commissioned RAND Europe to lead a study on the possible consequences of a deliberate attack against liquefied natural gas, oil and chemical tankers. The study considered a range of potential threat scenarios and seeks to inform discussion on effective mitigation strategies in the face of these threats.

  • Comparing Higher Education Entrance Qualifications and Exams in Europe

    11 May 2015

    The European Union considers higher education to have an obligation to help improve the acquisition of skills necessary for economic growth. An analysis of admission systems to higher education across ten countries, including EU members and international comparators, recommends ways university admissions systems can tackle the increasing demand for university education in an era of declining resources available per student.

  • Assessing the Public Perception of Security and Privacy in Europe

    30 Mar 2015

    Security technologies and related measures are implemented to mitigate likely risks from terrorist attacks and other threats, but these technologies and measures may compete with privacy and civil liberties. RAND Europe participated in PACT, a 3-year EU-funded research project to assess existing knowledge about the relation between security and privacy; collect empirical evidence through a pan-European survey; and analyze the main factors that affect how the public perceives the security and privacy implications of security technology.

  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    30 Mar 2015

    Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

  • Evaluating the Submission Process for the Research Excellence Framework's Impact Element

    25 Mar 2015

    To formulate evidence-based conclusions and recommendations for improving the processes of preparing submissions for impact assessment, the higher education funding councils for England, Scotland and Wales asked RAND Europe to work with a sample of higher education institutions to evaluate the submission process for the impact element of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.

  • Evaluating the Assessment Process for the Impact Element of REF 2014

    25 Mar 2015

    Following RAND Europe's evaluation of the Research Excellence Framework submission process, the four UK higher education funding bodies commissioned an evaluation of the assessment process for the impact element of the REF 2014.

  • Assessing Measures Against Organised Crime

    23 Mar 2015

    The EU has initiated a number of measures to encourage cooperation between Member States to address organised crime. This study examined - in each of the 28 Member States - how the EU Council Framework Decision on Organised Crime has been transposed. It identified national criminal law and investigative tools used in the fight against organised crime and how these tools were used in practice.

  • Improving Infant and Maternal Health in Rural Nigeria

    18 Mar 2015

    The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the MSS. A nested qualitative study led by RAND Europe evaluated nine primary care clinics that appeared to be having differing success in terms of recruitment/retention of midwives and uptake of services.

  • Exploring Best Practices in Medical Training from an International Perspective

    17 Mar 2015

    An exploration of approaches to medical education and training in a small number of high-income countries — namely, England, France, and the Netherlands — may help inform the further development of medical education and training for primary care in Germany. Researchers examine how countries are reforming these approaches to better meet the needs of the changing healthcare environment and how they address shortages of doctors practising in primary care through education and training. A German language version of this report is also available.

  • Assessing the Feasibility of Analysing Foreign Funding of Islamic Institutions

    13 Mar 2015

    The Netherlands Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) asked RAND Europe to assess the feasibility of conducting a full analysis of the size, scope and potential influence of foreign funding to Islamic institutions in the Netherlands.

  • Estimating the Value of Mobile Telephony in Mobile Network 'Not-Spots'

    12 Mar 2015

    Around 80,000 premises in the UK are located in areas without mobile phone coverage – referred to as “not-spots”. Residents and businesses in these areas would be willing to pay for a mobile phone signal, according to RAND Europe research. Further, these areas may not be sustainable in the longer term without a signal, due to the negative impacts on business profits.

  • Assessing the Use of Pooled Resource Approaches by Local Authorities in the UK

    12 Mar 2015

    To help establish a case for a new approach to public service transformation, the Local Government Association (LGA) sought a robust and compelling evidence base in support of what can be achieved for residents through using a ‘pooled resources’ approach.

  • Evaluation of the Nigerian Midwives Service Scheme: Barriers and Facilitators to Implementation

    05 Mar 2015

    The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the MSS. A nested qualitative study led by RAND Europe evaluated nine primary care clinics that appeared to be having differing success in terms of recruitment/retention of midwives and uptake of services.

  • Using Innovation Models to Harness New Solutions for Defence

    04 Mar 2015

    Innovation is a complex system with many interacting factors, which means that 'magic bullet' solutions do not exist to enhance the innovation process. RAND Europe identified eight key factors that can be used to understand innovation systems and to focus effort on being able to harness innovation for the defence industry.

  • Validating the Outcomes of the 'Science 2.0: Science in Transition' Public Consultation

    26 Feb 2015

    ‘Science 2.0’ describes the on-going evolution in the modus operandi of doing research and organising science in Europe. RAND Europe reviewed the public consultation on this EU project and developed an interactive website on which participants and interested individuals could comment on the validation process of the public consultation.

  • A Rapid Evidence Assessment of Road Traffic Demand Elasticities in the UK

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers reviewed the literature for evidence on the key factors influencing road transport demand in the UK. Understanding how projected changes in economic and demographic trends affect future road traffic levels is important for strategic planning by policy makers in the transport sector.

  • Understanding the Factors Influencing Car Traffic Levels in Britain

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers have undertaken a rapid evidence assessment review of peer-reviewed papers and ‘grey’ literature to provide a better understanding of the recent levelling off in total miles driven in Britain. Understanding factors behind this trend can help policymakers plan for future infrastructure needs.

  • Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    12 Jan 2015

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

  • Mapping and Engaging Diaspora Communities in the EU and US

    29 Dec 2014

    Diasporas are increasingly seen by policymakers as important actors who might serve as a bridge between their countries of origin and countries where they have settled. Seeking to further improve relationships with third countries, the EC commissioned RAND Europe and IZA to map diasporas in the EU and the US, to survey diasporas’ perspectives on and preferences for engagement with policymakers, and to deliver concrete recommendations for policymakers interested in working with diaspora groups.

  • Examining Initiatives to Reduce Length of Stay in Hospital

    22 Dec 2014

    Measures to reduce the length of stay are among the main approaches to enhance a hospital's operational efficiency. RAND Europe has conducted a rapid review of the evidence of the effectiveness and efficiency of initiatives for reducing length of stay in hospital. The project examined the impact of these initiatives on the quality of care and patient experiences.

  • Using Emergency Department Data for Crime Prevention

    19 Dec 2014

    Data sharing among emergency departments and law enforcement is known to reduce crime. Researchers developed guidance for police practitioners in England and Wales on available hospital data and its potential uses, as well as on how to establish and maintain data-sharing partnerships with NHS partners.

  • Estimating the Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    11 Dec 2014

    The costs of failing to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) include a world population by 2050 that will be between 11 million and 444 million lower than it would otherwise be in the absence of AMR, and world GDP losses between $2.1 and $124.5 trillion.