Summaries of Completed Research

  • Analysing the Value for Money of EU Programme Funding for Democracy and Rule of Law

    01 Dec 2016

    The Committee on Budgetary Control of the European Parliament commissioned RAND Europe to conduct an analytical study on the value for money of EU programmes to support democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

  • Why Sleep Matters: Quantifying the Economic Costs of Insufficient Sleep

    29 Nov 2016

    Sleep deprivation is associated with a higher mortality risk, according to economic modelling of data from five OECD countries. In addition, up to 3 per cent of a country's GDP is lost due to lack of sleep; an increase in sleep could add billions of dollars to the economy.

  • Investigating the Effects of the UK's National Minimum Wage

    23 Nov 2016

    Increases in the UK national minimum wage since 1999 had no negative employment effects on the overall UK labour market. However, there were some employment effects associated with part-time employees, and young employees during the recession.

  • Defining and Demonstrating Teacher Quality and Impact

    17 Nov 2016

    A review of existing literature on defining and demonstrating ‘quality teaching’ and measuring its impact in higher education mainly found opinion pieces based on secondary, documentary analysis rather than rigorous comparison group studies. This was a significant weakness in this field of research.

  • Evaluating the EC Action Plan Against Antimicrobial Resistance

    03 Nov 2016

    From research on new antimicrobials to surveillance and monitoring of AMR-related issues across the EU, an evaluation of the 2011 European Commission Action Plan against AMR assessed both the impacts of the plan and how effectively it was implemented.

  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    02 Nov 2016

    Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

  • Assessing Health Services in Northern Ireland

    27 Oct 2016

    To help the OECD understand key elements of health and social care commissioning in Northern Ireland, researchers assessed key informant perceptions of how effectively the population's needs are being met, the use of strategic planning, and how well the system incentivises high quality, value for money service provision.

  • How to Achieve a Globalised Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

    27 Oct 2016

    The challenges identified in South and Southeast Asian countries in relation to ATT accession or ratification are predominantly issues at the ‘system level’, rather than specific capability or capacity gaps. Solving them requires a process-oriented approach, which has to be contextualised at the national level to ensure validity and sustainability.

  • Stop and Search Training Pilot Generally Well Received

    27 Oct 2016

    Officers who received the pilot stop and search training introduced by the UK College of Policing were mostly positive about the course. Changes in communication practices could improve the new training programme as it is rolled out nationally.

  • Understanding the Moral Dimension of Conflict

    23 Oct 2016

    Cyber and autonomous capabilities challenge the core principles of morality frameworks in a number of ways. While a prominent question in the public debate is whether morality can be reduced to an algorithm, the body of academic work on the subject is more nuanced

  • Computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (cCBT) Has Positive Impact

    18 Oct 2016

    Studies of cCBT tools indicate that they have a positive effect on many mental health outcomes, particularly for those with depression, anxiety disorders and insomnia. Fewer studies examined work-related effects, but those were also positive.

  • Ending the Schengen Agreement Would Cost €2–3 Billion Annually

    12 Oct 2016

    The economic costs of European countries ending the Schengen Agreement and reintroducing border controls range in the billions of euros, with further political and social costs.

  • Accelerating the Internet of Things in the UK

    03 Oct 2016

    Insights from Internet of Things (IoT) implementations and informed users of technology led researchers to support a process for policy feedback that can inform IoT development and adoption in the UK.

  • Next Steps for UNICEF's Emergency Education Response Programme in Jordan

    29 Sep 2016

    An evaluation recommends that UN agencies, donors, partners, and the Jordanian government develop and implement a strategy to manage the influx and education of child refugees. Jordanian and refugee children both will benefit from expanding the Jordanian education system's safety, quality and performance.

  • Case Studies Show Oxford AHSN Adds Value

    19 Sep 2016

    An evaluation of the Oxford Academic Health Science Network (AHSN) found that it is capable of promoting high quality care and delivering projects which improve patient outcomes at a cost that appears to represent good value for money.

  • Alternatives to Coercive Sanctions Show Promise for Drug Law Offences and Drug-Related Crime

    12 Sep 2016

    Alternatives to coercive sanctions (ACS) seems reduce drug use and reoffending, but the evidence is equivocal and some features could make ACS more effective. Also, several common barriers prevent the use of ACS in a number of EU member states.

  • Strategic Review of 3ie, the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation

    11 Sep 2016

    RAND Europe examined the past performance of 3ie, considered the possible future trends that will determine the environment within which 3ie might be operating, and explored three scenarios for the future to understand potential future options for 3ie.

  • Little Research Exists on UK Service Leavers’ Transition to Civilian Life

    07 Sep 2016

    The Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT) supports families of UK Service leavers as they transition to civilian life. To help the FiMT, more research is needed in the areas of family engagement, family breakdown, housing and spousal employment.

  • Scams Team Helps Fraud Victims

    30 Aug 2016

    A review of the National Trading Standards Scams Team pilot finds that it delivers significant value for money, saving up to £27 per £1 invested by identifying victims of mass marketing fraud and reducing future victimisation.

  • Numerous Factors Influence How Physicians Treat Hepatitis-C

    23 Aug 2016

    A wide variety of factors influence physicians’ treatment decisions for patients with hepatitis C. These include clinical factors, comorbidities, population groups, sociodemographic factors, and patient behaviour, as well as health financing and cost-effectiveness, access to care, and more.

  • Online Drugs Trade Growing but Still Dwarfed by Traditional Markets

    04 Aug 2016

    Illegal drug transactions on cryptomarkets have tripled since 2013, with revenues doubling. But at $12-21 (€10.5-18.5) million a month, this is clearly a niche market compared to the traditional offline market, estimated at $2.3 (€2) billion a month in Europe alone.

  • Focusing on 'Human Error' Can Hinder Major Accident Prevention

    21 Jul 2016

    Employees are less likely to report errors if they work for organisational cultures that focus on 'human error' as the cause of accidents. This was one of the key findings of research for TOTAL on initiatives that may limit the risk of accidents in the oil and gas industry.

  • Evaluating Offender Liaison and Diversion Trial Schemes

    13 Jul 2016

    Researchers evaluated a new model of liaison and diversion (L&D) schemes, which aim to improve early identification of a range of health vulnerabilities among people passing through the UK youth or adult criminal justice system.

  • Examining Future Transport Scenarios to Drive Innovation in the UK

    23 Jun 2016

    The UK’s roads, railways and airports are some of the most congested in the world. RAND Europe, in collaboration with Risk Solutions, explored how emerging technologies might make the transport system more efficient and effective by the year 2035.

  • "Living with Breathlessness" Seeks Better End-of-Life Care for COPD Patients

    06 Jun 2016

    RAND Europe explored whether stakeholders agreed with and anticipated problems implementing the recommendations of the "Living with Breathlessness" research programme to improve end-of-life care for patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).