Summaries of Completed Research

  • Exploring and Communicating the Value of Health Data

    27 Apr 2017

    Health data could provide a variety of social and economic benefits to the health system, including quality gains for both healthcare delivery and health research and innovation. However, societal and technical challenges to value capture must first be addressed.

  • Analysing the Impact of the Workplace Wellbeing Charter

    18 Apr 2017

    Public Health England commissioned an analysis of the take-up and impact of the Workplace Wellbeing Charter; the end product includes a set of case studies to help strengthen and expand the evidence base that underpins the Charter.

  • Attracting and Retaining Teachers in Cambridgeshire

    20 Mar 2017

    Teacher shortages could be a real and imminent threat in Cambridgeshire unless more new secondary school teachers are attracted and retained. The region should explore the association between teachers’ working and living conditions, why not enough teachers are attracted to work in Cambridgeshire and why teachers are leaving the profession.

  • Monitoring Open Science Trends in Europe

    20 Mar 2017

    To track Open Science trends in Europe and identify the main drivers, incentives and constraints on its evolution, RAND Europe worked with Deloitte, Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies (OST), Altmetric and Digital Science to develop a web-based monitor for the European Commission.

  • EU Should Renew Current Action Plan on Drugs

    15 Mar 2017

    To ensure that the objectives of the EU Drugs Strategy are achieved by 2020, the European Commission should renew its EU Action Plan on Drugs for the period 2017–2020 and continue to translate the current plan's high-level objectives into concrete action.

  • Defence Equipment Cost Escalation Requires Response Strategies

    08 Mar 2017

    The challenge of affordability is shaping the defence acquisition environment in most Western countries. Researchers identified several strategies that are transferrable from one country to another and from civil sectors to defence.

  • Defence and Security after Brexit

    06 Mar 2017

    Brexit may pose more immediate challenges to UK and European security rather than to defence. However, both are likely to be subject to long-term uncertainty.

  • Measuring Economies of Scope and Scale in Biomedical and Health Research

    06 Mar 2017

    Researchers investigated the extent to which there are economies of scope and/or scale in medical research. For example, is it better to support research in only a few places, and have staff colocated? The role of both human and physical assets and interactions were examined.

  • Mediterranean Foresight Forum

    26 Jan 2017

    The Mediterranean Foresight Forum (MFF) was a RAND-funded effort to monitor current affairs, analyse future scenarios and simulate policy options to support the implementation of comprehensive responses to complex challenges in the Mediterranean region.

  • Evaluating the Impact of Oxford's Biomedical Research Centre (BRC)

    26 Jan 2017

    RAND Europe and the Office of Health Economics evaluated the local impacts of the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre on local hospital care, research and industry.

  • Accounting for Missing Data in the Second Longitudinal Study of Young People in England

    09 Jan 2017

    The Department for Education commissioned RAND Europe to provide a statistically robust, unbiased, and consistent approach to account for missing Key Stage 2 data in the LSYPE2 cohort. The final report balances the need for practical solutions for analysts with the desire to exhaustively explore options for dealing with the missing data.

  • Analysing the Value for Money of EU Programme Funding for Democracy and Rule of Law

    02 Dec 2016

    The Committee on Budgetary Control of the European Parliament commissioned RAND Europe to conduct an analytical study on the value for money of EU programmes to support democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

  • Why Sleep Matters: Quantifying the Economic Costs of Insufficient Sleep

    30 Nov 2016

    Sleep deprivation is associated with a higher mortality risk, according to economic modelling of data from five OECD countries. In addition, up to 3 per cent of a country's GDP is lost due to lack of sleep; an increase in sleep could add billions of dollars to the economy.

  • Investigating the Effects of the UK's National Minimum Wage

    24 Nov 2016

    Increases in the UK national minimum wage since 1999 had no negative employment effects on the overall UK labour market. However, there were some employment effects associated with part-time employees, and young employees during the recession.

  • Defining and Demonstrating Teacher Quality and Impact

    18 Nov 2016

    A review of existing literature on defining and demonstrating ‘quality teaching’ and measuring its impact in higher education mainly found opinion pieces based on secondary, documentary analysis rather than rigorous comparison group studies. This was a significant weakness in this field of research.

  • How Can Research Be Evaluated?

    14 Nov 2016

    Because of the growing demand for transparency and accountability in research evaluation, researchers developed a comprehensive list of evaluation tools and techniques and explained when each might be most useful and why. They then offered a list of 100 ideas for metrics that can be used to assess and communicate the value of biomedical research.

  • Evaluating the EC Action Plan Against Antimicrobial Resistance

    03 Nov 2016

    From research on new antimicrobials to surveillance and monitoring of AMR-related issues across the EU, an evaluation of the 2011 European Commission Action Plan against AMR assessed both the impacts of the plan and how effectively it was implemented.

  • Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    02 Nov 2016

    Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

  • How to Achieve a Globalised Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

    28 Oct 2016

    The challenges identified in South and Southeast Asian countries in relation to ATT accession or ratification are predominantly issues at the ‘system level’, rather than specific capability or capacity gaps. Solving them requires a process-oriented approach, which has to be contextualised at the national level to ensure validity and sustainability.

  • Assessing Health Services in Northern Ireland

    28 Oct 2016

    To help the OECD understand key elements of health and social care commissioning in Northern Ireland, researchers assessed key informant perceptions of how effectively the population's needs are being met, the use of strategic planning, and how well the system incentivises high quality, value for money service provision.

  • Stop and Search Training Pilot Generally Well Received

    27 Oct 2016

    Officers who received the pilot stop and search training introduced by the UK College of Policing were mostly positive about the course. Changes in communication practices could improve the new training programme as it is rolled out nationally.

  • Understanding the Moral Dimension of Conflict

    24 Oct 2016

    Cyber and autonomous capabilities challenge the core principles of morality frameworks in a number of ways. While a prominent question in the public debate is whether morality can be reduced to an algorithm, the body of academic work on the subject is more nuanced

  • Examining Perceptions of the US, NATO, and European Security

    21 Oct 2016

    RAND Europe conducted an examination of European NATO member states' perceptions of the role of NATO and threats to the Alliance, as well as NATO capabilities. The goal was to help shape expectations about the Alliance, its role and capabilities.

  • Computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (cCBT) Has Positive Impact

    19 Oct 2016

    Studies of cCBT tools indicate that they have a positive effect on many mental health outcomes, particularly for those with depression, anxiety disorders and insomnia. Fewer studies examined work-related effects, but those were also positive.

  • Ending the Schengen Agreement Would Cost €2–3 Billion Annually

    13 Oct 2016

    The economic costs of European countries ending the Schengen Agreement and reintroducing border controls range in the billions of euros, with further political and social costs.