Summaries of Completed Research

  • Informing the French Conflict Prevention and Crisis Response Strategy

    25 Feb 2015

    Conflict prevention and crisis response are two highly challenging areas for governments to succeed in. One of the key reasons for this is that they rely on cross-institutional and international collaboration. The French Ministry of Defence asked RAND Europe to develop an overview of the conflict prevention and crisis response approaches of the US, UK and Germany, as well as NATO, the UN, the OSCE and the EU.

  • A Rapid Evidence Assessment of Road Traffic Demand Elasticities in the UK

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers reviewed the literature for evidence on the key factors influencing road transport demand in the UK. Understanding how projected changes in economic and demographic trends affect future road traffic levels is important for strategic planning by policy makers in the transport sector.

  • Understanding the Factors Influencing Car Traffic Levels in Britain

    15 Jan 2015

    Researchers have undertaken a rapid evidence assessment review of peer-reviewed papers and ‘grey’ literature to provide a better understanding of the recent levelling off in total miles driven in Britain. Understanding factors behind this trend can help policymakers plan for future infrastructure needs.

  • Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    12 Jan 2015

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

  • Mapping and Engaging Diaspora Communities in the EU and US

    29 Dec 2014

    Diasporas are increasingly seen by policymakers as important actors who might serve as a bridge between their countries of origin and countries where they have settled. Seeking to further improve relationships with third countries, the EC commissioned RAND Europe and IZA to map diasporas in the EU and the US, to survey diasporas’ perspectives on and preferences for engagement with policymakers, and to deliver concrete recommendations for policymakers interested in working with diaspora groups.

  • Examining Initiatives to Reduce Length of Stay in Hospital

    22 Dec 2014

    Measures to reduce the length of stay are among the main approaches to enhance a hospital's operational efficiency. RAND Europe has conducted a rapid review of the evidence of the effectiveness and efficiency of initiatives for reducing length of stay in hospital. The project examined the impact of these initiatives on the quality of care and patient experiences.

  • Using Emergency Department Data for Crime Prevention

    19 Dec 2014

    Data sharing among emergency departments and law enforcement is known to reduce crime. Researchers developed guidance for police practitioners in England and Wales on available hospital data and its potential uses, as well as on how to establish and maintain data-sharing partnerships with NHS partners.

  • Estimating the Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    11 Dec 2014

    The costs of failing to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) include a world population by 2050 that will be between 11 million and 444 million lower than it would otherwise be in the absence of AMR, and world GDP losses between $2.1 and $124.5 trillion.

  • Analysing the Causes of International Variation in Drug Usage

    27 Nov 2014

    There is considerable variation across countries in the uptake of new medicines. While it is unclear what optimal uptake levels should look like, understanding the causes for variation provides important insights into the accessibility of innovative drugs. Exploring dementia, osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes and hepatitis C in selected high-income countries, this report identified a range of factors influencing medicines uptake, but their relative importance will vary depending on the disease area and the system context and this will be different in different countries.

  • Towards Trust and Freedom in Science Funding: Venture Research

    21 Nov 2014

    Can scientists who question the ideas of their peers win funding? In the 1980s, BP's Venture Research Unit was formed around the idea that civilisation urgently needs the radical ideas of such scientists. RAND Europe has produced a concise summary of how the programme worked.

  • Making and Breaking Barriers: Assessing the Value of Mounted Police Units in the UK

    19 Nov 2014

    Mounted police have been part of British policing for the better part of two centuries but little was known about their work from an academic or practitioner standpoint. RAND Europe helped to investigate both quantitative and qualitative indicators relating to the value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, in an effort to understand how members of the public perceive and respond to mounted police deployments.

  • Examining Issues of Gender Equality in the EU

    29 Oct 2014

    Although equality between women and men is one of the founding values of the European Union, there are still considerable differences between men and women, both in the work force and at home, according to research conducted for the EC Directorate-General for Justice.

  • Grand Challenges in International Research Cooperation

    21 Oct 2014

    Horizon 2020, the EU’s biggest research funding programme, allows the EU to play a central role in solving some of the world’s grand societal challenges. To best meet these challenges, the EU should agree on strategic research agendas with partner countries including the US, India, and China, and to establish further links with other intergovernmental initiatives.

  • Developing EU Information Security and Data Protection Frameworks

    22 Sep 2014

    Has Brussels put its own house in order when it comes to information security and data privacy? RAND Europe research suggests that the EU institutions and agencies should review the rules that govern their information security and data privacy procedures if they want to be ahead of the ICT innovation curve.

  • Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    19 Sep 2014

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

  • Evaluating the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative

    12 Sep 2014

    An evaluation of the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative (AII) shows several successes as well as recommendations for the future. The AII funds consortia to build sustainable, independent health research capacity at African universities and research organisations, to promote research collaboration and to train individuals for research careers in Africa.

  • Book Offers Expert Overview of Choice Modelling

    08 Sep 2014

    Choice modelling is a key tool for the understanding of behaviour and is used to support decision-making in fields such as transportation, health economics, environmental analysis and marketing. The Handbook of Choice Modelling — edited by Andrew Daly and composed of contributions from Daly, Peter Burge, and other senior figures in the field — provides an authoritative and in-depth overview of the essential topics related to choice modelling.

  • Are You Sitting Comfortably?

    02 Sep 2014

    A range of emerging, but important, risks to our Internet-connected living room have implications for security and privacy, according to research by RAND Europe for Ofcom. Addressing these might require more action from government, industry and consumers alike.

  • Identifying Health Risks Associated with Recreational Bathing Waters

    19 Aug 2014

    A rapid evidence assessment conducted by RAND Europe confirmed an association between the quality of recreational bathing waters and the risk of gastrointestinal illness, particularly in fresh water. There is not yet, however, enough solid evidence to determine whether or not a revision to the European Bathing Directive (2006/7/EC) is needed, so more research in this area is recommended.

  • Options for Organisational Forms of Hospital Delivery in the NHS

    05 Aug 2014

    Different forms of hospital cooperation, such as hospital groups, networks, or systems, may have different impacts on hospital performance, according to research performed by RAND Europe for IHC. While hospital consolidation may lead to quality improvements there are also some risks. It will be important to monitor the effects of NHS consolidation to ward against unintended consequences.

  • Exploring the Future of Driving in Developing Countries

    15 Jul 2014

    The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries.

  • One-Page Brief Summarises RAND Europe's Unique Qualities

    02 Jul 2014

    RAND Europe …on a page provides the qualities and characteristics describing our research and organisation. It explains why our clients rely on us as being a trusted source in Europe for policy research based on evidence and facts. RAND Europe …on a page focuses on four qualities to describe RAND Europe: Integrity, Impact, Integration and Innovation.

  • How to Measure the Capacity of Government to Deliver Policy

    20 Jun 2014

    The capacity of government to design and deliver policy matters a great deal to the success of a policy. RAND Europe has undertaken a range of projects that aim to better understand the capacity of public administration. Our view is that capacity-building in public administration often needs to be seen as a strategic objective in and by itself.

  • Estimating the Economic Returns on Cancer Research in the UK

    16 Jun 2014

    The UK government invests approximately £1.6 billion in medical research each year, and the British public donated £1.7 billion to medical research charities in 2012-13. Research shows that this funding delivers health gains for patients and also benefits the UK economy at a 40% return annually.

  • Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage: Early Childhood Interventions and Progression to Higher Education in Europe

    12 Jun 2014

    In the long term, early childhood education and care (ECEC) can boost the academic abilities of disadvantaged students, thus enabling them to pursue higher studies. Whether ECEC results in increased access to higher education remains to be seen.