Population Dynamics & Migration

Europe's population nearly quadrupled in the 20th century, spurring concern about overpopulation and the limits to growth. Yet by 2050 the EU is projected to begin shrinking by half a million people per year. Demographic developments related to child birth, death, and migration underpin the dynamics of Europe's population and the challenges Member States face.

RAND Europe examines issues at the interface of policy and demography. We have analysed the various factors—from education, to economic growth, to migration, health and social interventions—that can influence a country or region's population size and structure.

Featured Research

  • Understanding Researcher Mobility

    A study for the Royal Society, the UK's national academy of science, determined that professional motivations are the main drivers of researcher mobility and that most researchers feel there is an expectation that they be internationally mobile.

Selected Research

  • Mediterranean Foresight Forum

    26 Jan 2017

    The Mediterranean Foresight Forum (MFF) was a RAND-funded effort to monitor current affairs, analyse future scenarios and simulate policy options to support the implementation of comprehensive responses to complex challenges in the Mediterranean region.

  • Exploring Community-Based Social Innovations (CBSIs) for Healthy Ageing

    08 Nov 2016

    Researchers are examining how CBSIs are functioning across a number of rapidly ageing countries. Documenting the policies, programmes and health system factors underpinning their success will help to ensure greater sustainability and integration of services.

  • Ending the Schengen Agreement Would Cost €2–3 Billion Annually

    13 Oct 2016

    The economic costs of European countries ending the Schengen Agreement and reintroducing border controls range in the billions of euros, with further political and social costs.

  • Next Steps for UNICEF's Emergency Education Response Programme in Jordan

    29 Sep 2016

    An evaluation recommends that UN agencies, donors, partners, and the Jordanian government develop and implement a strategy to manage the influx and education of child refugees. Jordanian and refugee children both will benefit from expanding the Jordanian education system's safety, quality and performance.

  • Rethinking Coordination of Services to Refugees in Urban Areas

    27 Apr 2016

    The vast majority of Syrian refugees live in urban areas, not camps. What can be done to improve the coordination of international and national entities managing the refugee response in urban areas in Jordan and Lebanon?

  • Evaluating the Impact of the European Programme for Integration and Migration

    06 Apr 2016

    The European Programme for Integration and Migration (EPIM) is a €3 million collaborative initiative of 12 major foundations to improve integration of and outcomes for migrants in Europe through advocacy, capacity-building and policy change. EPIM had RAND Europe evaluate the achievements and impacts of their work in 2012-2015, to ensure accountability and enable learning that can be acted on during the course of the programme.

  • RAND Europe Focus on Migration Issues

    18 Feb 2016

    At a time when migration policy is the subject of particular political and public attention, our ongoing work to evaluate the impact of grant-giving to civil society advocacy organisations working in the migration field has particular relevance.

  • Evaluation of the Southwark and Lambeth Integrated Care Older People's Programme

    02 Nov 2015

    An ongoing programme evaluation seeks to assess changes in hospital utilisation by older people in Southwark and Lambeth, following implementation of case management interventions, and whether the additional investment made through the programme has cost more or less than the savings made.