GALVmed has asked RAND Europe to conduct an independent external evaluation of its impact, achievements and effectiveness during the first phase of GALVmed's Protecting Livestock, Saving Human Life programme. The evaluation will identify achievements, best practices and challenges encountered in implementation of the programme and propose areas for improvement.
Many complex issues surround the use of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy as HIV prevention, and seen in the recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration decision to consider an ARV drug not just for HIV treatment but also to prevent HIV/AIDS. RAND Europe is partnering with several organisations on Mapping Pathways, a project exploring potential treatment regimes and conducting research, community engagement, and policy work in the U.S., India, and South Africa.
The performance of health systems is a key determinant of the inclusiveness of economic growth. Exclusionary, poor quality health care worsens impoverishment, while inclusive health care redistributes the benefits of growth toward the poor and ill. With Kenya and Tanzania as case studies, RAND Europe is exploring the extent to which unexploited potential synergies between industrial development and health systems can strengthen and contribute to faster and more inclusive growth.
Because malaria causes significant health problems and can also impair economic and social development in some parts of the world, large-scale prevention programmes have the potential to contribute considerably to sustainable economic development. RAND Europe is working to enhance computable models that take into account the many interactions throughout an economy, to include health benefits impacts and understand how economies may respond to different malaria control strategies.
RAND Europe is evaluating the Wellcome Trust's African Institutions Initiative. The initiative funds consortia to build sustainable, independent health research capacity at African universities and research organisations, to promote research collaboration and to train individuals for research careers in Africa. RAND Europe will evaluate the performance of research consortia and the initiative overall and will share learning about African-led and networked research capacity building models.
Understanding the Impact of Climate Change on Migration
This study aims to develop a better understanding of the potential impact of climate change on migration and displacement. It addresses the extent to which climate-induced migration shares the characteristics of other forms of migration and examines how communities have responded to environmental pressures caused by extreme drought.