Examining the Evidence Base Underpinning Future EU Societal Trends — 28 Feb 2013
The EU established the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS) to prepare decision makers for the long-term, international and domestic, political and economic environment. As part of this exercise, the Bureau of European Policy Advisers asked RAND Europe to assess the evidence base underpinning future societal trends ranging from the growth of a global middle class to the role of new media in democratization, and their likely impacts on the European policy landscape until 2030.
The European Programme for Integration and Migration (EPIM) is a €3 million collaborative initiative of 12 major foundations to improve integration of and outcomes for migrants in Europe through advocacy, capacity-building and policy change. EPIM has asked RAND Europe to evaluate the achievements and impacts of their work in 2012-2015, to ensure accountability and enable learning that can be acted on during the course of the programme.
The Department of Health in England has set a target to achieve procurement savings of £1.2 billion among its efficiency savings for 2014/15. Funded by the NIHR Health Services & Delivery Research Programme, RAND Europe is identifying models of best practice for procurement and supply chain management relevant to the NHS. The project will build on a review of the literature from industry and academia, key informant interviews with NHS stakeholders, and draw from experiences in other countries.
Assessing the Evidence Base Underpinning Future Societal Trends — 27 Feb 2013
To prepare decision makers for the political and economic environment facing the EU over the next 20 years, the European Commission, Parliament and Council established the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System. The Bureau of European Policy Advisers has asked RAND Europe to assess the evidence base underpinning future societal trends, ranging from the growth of a global middle class to the role of new media in democratization, and their likely impacts on the European policy landscape until 2030.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accounts for one death every 20 minutes in England and Wales. RAND Europe and the University of Cambridge are conducting a study on "Living with Breathlessness" to improve the end-of-life care strategy for patients with advanced COPD: one which is based on a recognition of the slow relentless progression of non-malignant disease, its effect on patients and care-givers, and their stated care preferences.
Evaluating Police Capacity-Building in Iraq and Afghanistan — 28 Jan 2013
America's allies have invested significantly in training the Iraqi and Afghan national police to secure their own communities. RAND Europe has partnered with its U.S. colleagues to evaluate on behalf of the Department of Defense the U.S. police capacity-building that has taken place in Iraq and now in Afghanistan. The project has led to ongoing advice to the U.S. government, and will conclude with an overview of key lessons in security sector capacity-building in conflict-affected countries.
When treating patients for Hepatitis-C, physicians may be influenced by many factors: their prior experience, the health and social care systems more broadly, or clinical, social and behavioural, or demographic factors. To better understand this decision-making process, GlaxoSmithKline commissioned RAND Europe to investigate the comparative influence and importance of specific factors and combinations of factors and their trade-offs.
Addressing terrorist threats to urban spaces is a particularly challenging task in the current security climate. As one of the 11 research institutes across Europe and Israel participating in Project TACTICS (Tactical Approach to Counter Terrorists in Cities) until August 2014, RAND Europe is contributing to building a decision making framework that (i) supports security forces in responding more efficiently and effectively to prevent terrorist attacks or (ii) limits their consequences with an emphasis on urban environments.
Informing the French Conflict Prevention and Crisis Response Strategy — 01 Jan 2013
Conflict prevention and crisis response are two highly challenging areas for governments to succeed in. One of the key reasons for this is that they rely on cross-institutional and international collaboration. The French Ministry of Defence asked RAND Europe to develop an overview of the conflict prevention and crisis response approaches of the US, UK and Germany, as well as NATO, the UN, the OSCE and the EU. The work has been informing the French thinking on the question, as they draft their 2012 White Paper, and will be published as a report thereafter.
GALVmed has asked RAND Europe to conduct an independent external evaluation of its impact, achievements and effectiveness during the first phase of GALVmed's Protecting Livestock, Saving Human Life programme. The evaluation will identify achievements, best practices and challenges encountered in implementation of the programme and propose areas for improvement.
Because cancer patients often receive poorly organised and fragmented care, University College Hospital Trust and Macmillan Cancer Support have established a new cancer centre. RAND Europe and the University of Cambridge Health Services Research Group are evaluating the centre's improvements in the cancer care pathway, using patient experience measurement alongside other methods, and developing a sustainable quality improvement environment across the partnership.
RAND Europe is one of five partners in the Policy Innovation Research Unit (PIRU), which brings together leading health and social care expertise to improve evidence-based policy-making and its implementation across the National Health Service, social care and public health. The Department of Health has funded PIRU with the goal of strengthening early policy development by exploiting the best routine data and by subjecting initiatives to speedy, thorough evaluation.
The European Commission launched its Europe 2020 Strategy while developing its response to the challenges arising throughout Europe from the economic crises. It asked a consortium including RAND Europe, the University of Warwick Institute of Employment Research, and Cambridge Econometrics to provide proposals for an economic model to rank urgent actions needed at the Member State and EU level as well as for a transparent assessment methodology to evaluate progress.
The performance of health systems is a key determinant of the inclusiveness of economic growth. Exclusionary, poor quality health care worsens impoverishment, while inclusive health care redistributes the benefits of growth toward the poor and ill. With Kenya and Tanzania as case studies, RAND Europe is exploring the extent to which unexploited potential synergies between industrial development and health systems can strengthen and contribute to faster and more inclusive growth.
Security technologies and related measures are implemented to mitigate likely risks from terrorist attacks and other threats, but these technologies and measures may compete with privacy and civil liberties. RAND Europe is participating in PACT, a 3-year EU-funded research project to assess existing knowledge about the relation between security and privacy; collect empirical evidence through a pan-European survey; and analyze the main factors that affect how the public perceives the security and privacy implications of security technology.
At a time of reduced public spending there is interest in funding public services on a 'payment by results' basis under which the government pays for services only if and when they achieve defined outcomes. The Department of Health has commissioned a consortium that includes RAND Europe to conduct an independent evaluation of eight drug and alcohol recovery payment by results pilots. The research is assessing whether and how the new funding approach encourages the development of the market for provision of services in these areas and more effective recovery programmes.
Copenhagen sees a lot of traffic, and congestion charging policies are currently high on the political agenda. The Danish Road Directorate has asked RAND Europe, TetraPlan and Significance to extend the city's existing traffic model to predict time-of-day choice for car drivers. Doing so will allow planners to assess the effectiveness of different charging policies aimed at reducing congestion levels at particular times of day.
Expert Input Sought to Help Develop UK Drug Policy — 08 Feb 2012
To help it develop a better drug policy, the UK Drug Policy Commission asked RAND Europe to conduct a modified Delphi exercise with an international panel of drug policy experts. The Delphi method uses ranking, scoring and feedback to arrive at a consensus on a set of issues. This project will consider the actors, principles, processes and structures that may facilitate effective drug policy.
To provide accountability for public investment in research and produce evidence of the benefits of each investment, UK Higher Education Funding Councils will begin using a new Research Excellence Framework in 2014 to assess the quality and impact of a university's research before providing further funding. RAND Europe and Ranmore Consulting Group have developed the ImpactFinder and offer a package of services to help UK higher education institutions evaluate their research impact.
RAND Europe is evaluating the world's first Social Impact Bond (SIB), an innovative payment-by-results mechanism that allows private investors rather than government to fund public services which, if effective, will provide a return on this investment. Implemented in a prison in Peterborough in eastern England, this first SIB aims to reduce reoffending by prisoners who have served short custodial sentences. The evaluation, which will last up to eight years to allow post-release outcomes to be measured, has resulted in an initial set of lessons-learned from the SIB's planning and implementation.
Understanding Initial Vocational Education and Training — 01 Dec 2011
Efforts to make initial vocational education and training (IVET) an attractive learning option across the EU has so far produced mixed results. RAND Europe is undertaking a study to improve the evidence base for policy decisions at national and EU levels to increase IVET attractiveness. This will be achieved by mapping, comparing, and evaluating existing initiatives. The aim is to understand what works, where, and why, by setting IVET in a wider economic, social and behavioural context.
Understanding Civil Service Reform in Central and Eastern Europe — 10 Nov 2011
RAND Europe undertook two surveys with civil servants in 14 countries in the CEEC and Balkans as part of a research project to explore the sustainability of civil service reform. It is the largest comparative survey of civil servants undertaken in the region. Additional RAND Europe internal funding will enable the research team to look in detail at governance issues in the region’s civil service, consolidate expertise and internal/external relationships, and contribute to academic thinking on this topic.
The Addictions and Lifestyles in Contemporary Europe – Reframing Addictions Project
is a 5-year EU effort to help policymakers rethink approaches to the human and economic costs of addictions by weaving the work of over 100 scientists in 25 countries into an integrated evidence base. RAND Europe is analysing a variety of sources, including interviews with convicted drug offenders, to provide a better understanding of public sector corruption, market size, supply chains, and sales strategies.
Examining Health and Safety in the European Workplace — 21 Jun 2011
RAND Europe is currently undertaking an analysis of the European Enterprise Survey (ESENER) on health and safety in the European workplace, for the European Health and Safety Agency (EU-OSHA). This work aims to understand the factors associated with the effective management of general occupational health and safety, as well as the specific management of psychosocial risks in enterprises.
The National Institute for Health Research established nine Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs) and has commissioned RAND Europe and the Health Economics Research Group at Brunel University to evaluate and learn from the CLAHRCs approach. The goal of the project is to focus on the gap in translating applied research advances into innovations in health and social care, for patient benefit.