Maritime terrorism and piracy pose a security threat to tanker transportation around the world. The European Commission (DG MOVE) has commissioned RAND Europe to lead a study on the possible consequences of a deliberate attack against liquefied natural gas, oil and chemical tankers. The study considers a range of potential threat scenarios and seeks to inform discussion on effective mitigation strategies in the face of these threats.
PruHealth has commissioned RAND Europe, in partnership with the University of Cambridge, to provide research support Britain’s Healthiest Company (BHC), a competition that rewards companies that have the healthiest employees and work environment. RAND Europe will design and run the surveys, analyse results, and provide customised reports to participating companies. BHC’s central aims are to gain a better understanding of how companies can engage with the wellness of their employees.
The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs is considering a revision to its safety classifications for recreational waters, such as lakes, ponds, and beaches. RAND Europe and partners are identifying the health risks associated with varying degrees of pollution in different bodies of water.
RAND Europe has been commissioned to create and maintain the online European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC). Reflecting the European Commission’s policy focus on children at risk, the EPIC will collect, evaluate, and disseminate practices that improve outcomes for children. RAND will apply a rigorous evaluation framework for the identification of effective, lasting, and transferable child policy practices in Europe.
The UK National Audit Office (NAO) has commissioned RAND Europe to do quality reviews of NAO value for money (VFM) reports and thematic reviews under a framework contract. NAO VFM reports are reviewed against a set of criteria for external quality assurance (QA) purposes, while thematic reviews cover a wider topic area. Building upon its strong QA processes, RAND Europe set up a process to provide objective and independent analysis of VFM reports and reviews.
To help frame the debate on future EU membership in the context of UK health research, RAND Europe is assessing the benefits and burdens of membership. This research, for the Department of Health, will not only focus on funding, but also look at other aspects such as research environment, network effects, and knowledge spillovers. The project will include a series of scenario-based workshops to explore future impact of EU funding.
To formulate evidence-based conclusions and recommendations for improving the processes of preparing submissions for impact assessment, the higher education funding councils for England, Scotland and Wales have asked RAND Europe to work with a sample of higher education institutions to evaluate the submission process for the impact element of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.
The Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) aims to bring together public sector, academic, commercial and voluntary organisations in the UK in public-private partnerships to help meet public health goals. Partners pledge to change their services or products in ways that are positive for consumers’ health. RAND Europe is contributing to an evaluation of the RD by examining international examples of similar interventions, from which learning can be drawn for the RD.
The European Parliament has asked RAND Europe to provide background information and advice to their members on the role of Smart Cities initiatives and to explain how existing mechanisms perform. The researchers established a working definition of a Smart City and mapped the cities fitting this definition across the Member States. An analysis of the Smart Cities initiatives finds that Smart Cities objectives should be more explicit, well defined and clearly aligned to city development, innovation plans and Europe 2020 to be successful.
European politics increasingly affect national asylum, immigration and integration law and practice in Ireland. Atlantic Philanthropies, which supports organisations in Ireland and in Europe that work on protection, immigration and integration issues, has asked RAND Europe to evaluate their migration programme to describe the programme’s achievements and inform ongoing and future work in this area.
Mounted police have been part of British policing for the better part of two centuries but little is known about their work from an academic or practitioner standpoint. RAND Europe is helping to investigate both quantitative and qualitative indicators relating to the value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, and in particular will seek to understand how members of the public perceive and respond to mounted police deployments.
The European Commission Communication on Combating HIV/AIDS brought together interested parties from across the European region to draw up a set of targets and measures to be implemented. RAND Europe and Van Dijk Management Consultants are evaluating the second Communication and accompanying action plan to assess its implementation and help the Commission formulate a new policy framework.
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) provides independent scientific advice and communication on risks associated with food and feed safety, including animal health and welfare, plant protection and plant health and nutrition. RAND Europe is evaluating EFSA's publications strategy to map stakeholders' needs for EFSA publications, assess how they are currently used and measure the level of stakeholder satisfaction with these publications.
Aligning Private Sector Incentives with Public Sector Objectives — 10 Oct 2013
As the UK government experiences ever-increasing pressure on the funding of public services, it is exploring alternative delivery models, in which the private sectors plays an increasing role in the design and delivery. RAND Europe's Council of Advisors has commissioned a study exploring how private sector incentives can be aligned with public sector objectives/requirements in public service delivery. The researchers aim to develop a framework to support effective decision making by government and private sector clients.
Several European countries, motivated by a strong egalitarian principle, offer non-selective and open access to higher education. Unfortunately, failure rates are sky high — in France, close to 50% of first year students drop out. To tackle the challenge of admissions in higher education in Europe and identify best practices, the European Parliament has commissioned a study to compare admission requirements across Europe, the US, Japan and Australia.
To better understand the extent to which alcoholic beverage labelling is implemented in practice, and to assess the effectiveness of health-related information conveyed and presented on products, RAND Europe is working with partners at GfK to conduct fieldwork across EU Member States to examine beverage packaging and inform how labelling could be improved.
The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the Nigerian Midwives Service Scheme (MSS) with respect to reducing maternal and infant mortality in rural, underserved areas of the country. BORN's RAND-led research team pairs experts from the RAND Health, RAND Labor and Population, and RAND Europe with those leading the field in Nigeria to evaluate the program.
Investigating Children's Exposure to Food and Drink Marketing Online — 07 Jun 2013
Food and drink marketing is known to influence children’s preferences and to impact on subsequent behaviour, such as use of alcohol. With the rise in the use of online media there is a need to better understand the level to which children are exposed to marketing online. RAND Europe is working with year 9 pupils in Cambridge to document exposure to food and drink marketing online. This project is a first step towards informing the possible development of future regulatory approaches.
‘Moving care into the community’ is a prominent feature of NHS policy. But when does it make sense, and when are services better provided in hospitals? RAND Europe is examining this question as it relates to outpatient clinics by carrying out a set of case studies looking at different types of intervention designed to improve effectiveness or efficiency of outpatient referrals. The project team will also examine innovative approaches to delivering services at the primary-secondary interface in a set of high income countries.
Although equality between women and men is one founding values of the European Union, there are still considerable differences between men and women, both in the work force and at home. The EC Directorate-General for Justice, has commissioned RAND Europe and the University of Groningen to analyse data from household surveys and explore topics including child care, single parents in the work force, household composition, and employment patterns for men and women.
Identifying the Research Landscape for Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa — 02 Apr 2013
The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trial Partnership asked RAND Europe and Bairds CMC to examine the current research landscape for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. RAND Europe is conducting desk research to identify active researchers and institutions, national strategies and current public funding commitments in these disease areas. Bairds CMC is responsible for in-country, stakeholder interviews.
Examining the Nutritional, Environmental Trade-Offs Among Diets — 02 Apr 2013
RAND Europe, as part of a consortium with the University of Reading and ADAS, was commissioned by Dairyco and the Dairy Council to examine the trade-offs between the nutritional and environmental impacts of dairy diets. The aim is to compare the impacts of the dairy diet with various ideal type diets such as plant-based and Eatwell Plate diets.
Reoffending is a costly and widespread challenge for public services, communities and individuals. To help organisations that deliver mentoring and arts interventions to adult offenders, RAND Europe — in collaboration with ARCS (UK), University of Glamorgan, and Nacro — is undertaking research to develop and test intermediate outcome measures which are directly or indirectly associated with reductions in reoffending.
Measures to reduce the length of stay are among the main approaches to enhance a hospital's operational efficiency. RAND Europe is conducting a rapid review of the evidence of the effectiveness and efficiency of initiatives for reducing length of stay in hospital. The project will also examine the impact of these initiatives on the quality of care and patient experiences.
Examining the Evidence Base Underpinning Future EU Societal Trends — 28 Feb 2013
The EU established the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS) to prepare decision makers for the long-term, international and domestic, political and economic environment. As part of this exercise, the Bureau of European Policy Advisers asked RAND Europe to assess the evidence base underpinning future societal trends ranging from the growth of a global middle class to the role of new media in democratization, and their likely impacts on the European policy landscape until 2030.