RAND research on the physical and mental health of adolescents examines such topics as teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), substance use, obesity and physical activity, depression and suicide, and the influence of the media on sexual behavior.
There may be culturally-relevant differences in the etiology of depression in Canadian and Chinese adolescents.
This experimental study found that the way that smoking is portrayed in movies can be important in determining its effect on adolescent smoking.
Setting intermediate criteria between the present behavior and total abstinence can improve outcomes for hard to treat smokers.
Schools with greater support from administrative leadership and clinician networks are more successful in implementing evidence-based mental health programs to help students deal with the impact of traumatic events.
Risk factors for adolescent running away from home include lack of parental support, school disengagement, depression, and heavier substance use at Grade 9; runaways had higher drug dependence and more depressive symptoms at age 21 than non-runaways.
National health surveys can provide information, including measures of special health care needs, that can improve risk-adjustment models and help provide appropriate payments to managed-care plans serving vulnerable children.
Youth with more substance users in their networks reported greater alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana consumption. Network-based interventions may be a means to enhance pro-social influences and reduce exposure to substance use for this population.
Whether or not an adolescent stops or begins smoking is influenced by whether or not his/her romantic relationship smokes.
The authors conducted a review of reviews to identify characteristics of effective sex and relationship education (SRE) interventions and/or programmes in young people to improve sexual health and identify barriers and facilitators for implementation.
Adolescent depression is common, disabling, and is associated with academic, social, behavioral, and health consequences. Teens with depression were significantly more likely to perceive barriers to care compared with nondepressed teens. Parents were less likely to report barriers than their teens; perceived stigma and concern about family member response were among the significant teen barriers. Teen perceived barriers scores were negatively associated with any use of antidepressants, use of antidepressants for at least 1 month and any psychotherapy or antidepressant use at 6 months.
Interventions that limit teenagers' exposure to televised sexual content, that provide a more accurate portrayal of sexuality than typically depicted on television or that help adolescents think critically about televised sexual content may help teenagers make more carefully considered decisions about sexual debut.
This study used latent growth mixture modeling to identify discrete developmental patterns of heavy drinking, perceived parental disapproval of substance use, and association with peers who drink from early to late adolescence among a sample of 5,591 youth.
To establish the prevalence of recanting of life-time inhalant use, the authors identify correlates of recanting to gain insight to its causes and develop a method for distinguishing recanters who truly are versus are not life-time users of inhalants.
Quality improvement programs for depressed youths in primary care settings have been shown to improve 6-month clinical outcomes, but longer-term outcomes are unknown.
The authors examined the associations among school building footprints, the size of school grounds, and in-school physical activity of 1566 sixth-grade girls from medium to large middle schools enrolled in the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls (TAAG).
Hispanic youth are likely to attend schools surrounded by convenience stores, restaurants, or off-licenses. Middle schools have fewer surrounding businesses than high schools, and larger schools have fewer surrounding businesses than smaller schools.
Adolescents who made pledges to remain virgins until they are married were less likely to be sexually active over the three-year study period than other youth who were similar to them, but who did not make a virginity pledge
Latent growth mixture modeling was used to identify discrete patterns of physical aggression from Grades 7 to 11 among a sample of 1,877 youth.
Over the past two decades, studies have provided evidence for the strong link between substance use (SU) and delinquency among adolescents.
Adolescents whose sexual communication with their parents involved more repetition felt closer to their parents, felt more able to communicate with their parents in general and about sex, and perceived that discussions had greater openness.