RAND research on the physical and mental health of adolescents examines such topics as teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), substance use, obesity and physical activity, depression and suicide, and the influence of the media on sexual behavior.
Insurance gaps and delayed care are prevalent for low-income young adults who aged out of a public program for children with special health care needs, despite ongoing health problems. Greater transition support might improve access.
Identifies Spanish language-sensitive attributes associated with substance use in Latino adolescents. Protective attributes included parental monitoring, more extended family members in the network, and less substance use among network members.
Finds risk and protective factors during adolescence that predict future regular smoking and multiple problem behavior among youth who had tried smoking by grade 7. Protective factors include good grades and parental disapproval of smoking/drug use.
Data from a national survey of teens were used to assess whether exposure to televised sexual content predicted subsequent pregnancy for girls or responsibility for pregnancy for boys. Exposure to televised sexual content predicted teen pregnancy.
This book chapter explores approaches to examining connections between media content and behavior, using a RAND study of media effects on adolescent teen sexual behavior as an example.
Problematic substance use, failure to assume adult roles and responsibilities, and exposure to pro-drug social influences in adolescence may be linked to later substance use.
Parents play an important role in the sexual health of their adolescent children. Talking Parents, Healthy Teens is an intervention designed to help parents improve communication with their adolescent children, promote healthy adolescent sexual development, and reduce adolescent sexual risk behaviors.
The findings suggest that commercial PA facilities are important contributors to the accumulation of PA among adolescent girls.
Due to the association between body mass index and locked schools, efforts to stem the obesity epidemic should include making schools more accessible
Examines possible parallel pathways between social support (from parents, peers and schools) and depression in females and delinquency in males.
Many adolescents use alcohol and drugs (AODs); however, most do not seek help because of stigma or confidentiality concerns.
Studies have shown that increased exposure to cigarette advertising increases adolescents' risk of smoking.
The impact of demographic and family influence factors on smoking initiation varies over time. However, the maximum risk for initiation is during the early teen years, and the range of considerable vulnerability is during middle school and high school.
The present study investigated whether adolescent cigarette, alcohol, marijuana, and hard drug use predicts life satisfaction in young adulthood.
The authors examined the effects of perceived prevalence of drug use among same-age peers on adolescents' subsequent drug use.
Adolescents face financial and nonfinancial barriers to health care.
Raising the profile of existing facilities may help increase physical activity among adolescent girls.
Policy makers should consider limiting a variety of marketing practices that could contribute to drinking in early adolescence.
Acculturation may influence Filipino-American parent-adolescent communication about sex and, consequently, Filipino-American adolescent sexual health.
Study highlights components of the treatment process that may be particularly important for practitioners to consider and monitor in their clients