RAND research on the physical and mental health of adolescents examines such topics as teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), substance use, obesity and physical activity, depression and suicide, and the influence of the media on sexual behavior.
Both chronic and current bullying are associated with substantially worse health. Clinicians who recognize bullying when it first starts could intervene to reverse the downward health trajectory experienced by youth who are repeated targets.
Compared to their peers, children with autism spectrum disorders have higher annual costs for health care appointments and prescriptions ($3,000 on average) and non-health care costs ($17,000 on average), such as special education at school. Previous analyses underestimated this economic burden, particularly for school systems.
Sleep is critical for adolescent health and is influenced by the family environment. In our study, we examined if family structure defined as single- vs 2-parent households affected adolescent sleep.
Mothers' work hours are likely to affect their time allocation towards activities related to children's diet, activity and well-being.
Early puberty and friends' deviance may increase the risk of problem behavior in young adolescent girls. Although many of these associations dissipate over time, early-maturing girls are at risk of persistently higher delinquency and stronger negative peer influences.
The rise in online marketing of alcohol, combined with the high use of social media websites by young people, suggests that web marketing is an area requiring further monitoring and regulation.
Interventions to prevent inhalant initiation should target sixth and seventh graders, address influence by family and peers, and provide skills training to improve drug refusal self-efficacy.
Half of adolescents' junk food consumption happens outside the home—and often among peers. Social network analysis shows that when it comes to eating junk food, adolescents follow their friends' lead.
Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.
Friends are thought to influence adolescent drug use.
The current study used a sample of 193 at-risk youths with a first-time alcohol and/or other drug offense in the California Teen Court system to explore the moderating role of perceived peer alcohol norms on the association between mental health symptoms and drinking outcomes.
We examine predictors of retention (demographics, violence exposure, child mental health, caregiver demographics, and engagement in intervention) in a large multisite national study of interventions for children exposed to violence.
Media exposure related to alcohol or other drugs may affect adolescents' alcohol use. However, media literacy education may help.
An examination of the contribution of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination to disparities in problem behaviors found that eliminating discrimination could considerably reduce mental health issues, including problem behaviors, among Black and Latino youths.
The Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile (DP) in youth has been shown to be a predictor of psychopathology later in life. The authors examined the activity of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis in youth.
Merchants who engage in state-approved “responsible beverage service” training are more likely to believe they'll be cited for selling alcohol to minors. Therefore, targeting merchant attitudes could be a successful way to encourage them to check IDs.
The study explores whether and how lifetime violence exposure is related to a set of negative symptoms: child internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, child trauma symptoms, and parenting stress.
Sexual health problems affect adolescents disproportionately more than adults, and efforts to improve their sexual health and decision making have not been fully successful. However, research integrating insights from neuroscience and other areas could increase our understanding of sexual risk behaviors among youth.
The way adolescents react to stress has been shown to be a significant factor in our understanding of sex differences in depression. Adolescent girls experienced greater total stress than boys, particularly interpersonal stress, which may explain their higher rates of depression.
Getting along with peers and fear of being viewed negatively by them may influence the difference between how adolescents view their body size and what they think the ideal size should be. Those with warm, nurturing parents are more likely to have positive views about their body size.