In a series of collaborative studies, RAND researchers sought to better understand urban congregations' capacity for HIV prevention and care, specifically in the areas of stigma reduction and HIV testing. This research brief outlines their findings.
The US HIV/AIDS epidemic is concentrated in the Deep South, yet factors contributing to HIV transmission are not fully understood. We examined relationships between substance use, sexual partnership characteristics, and condom non-use in an African American sample of STI clinic attendees in Jackson, Mississippi.
Perceptions of a neighborhood's characteristics, such as safety, were associated with sleep quality among low-income African-American adults. But objective characteristics, such as crime rates, were not.
The wording of items and response options in two commonly used measures of depression and physical functioning in older adults were found to exceed the U.S. recommended readability threshold for vulnerable populations.
Compared with white and Latino adolescents, black adolescents reported a more positive perception of their own physical appearance; however, the difference may actually be an artifact of the measurement instrument.