The presence of street gangs has been hypothesized as influencing overall levels of violence in urban communities through a process of gun-drug diffusion and crosstype homicide.
This article examines data from 2,575 high school students who participated in a teen-dating violence intervention study. The majority of participants were Latino (91%), and the sample was nearly evenly split with respect to gender (51% female). Items from two scales (boy-on-girl violence; girl-on-boy violence) reflecting teens' attitudes about dating violence were calibrated with the graded item response theory (IRT) model and evaluated for differential item functioning (DIF) by gender. Results support the use of IRT scores that account for DIF to minimize measurement error and improve inferences about gender differences in attitudes about dating violence
Well developed social and problem solving skills, greater ability to adapt, and positive peer relationships help to protect some children from the harmful consequences of being mistreated.
This paper evaluates the impact of the 1992 Civil Unrest in Los Angeles (which followed the Rodney King incident), in which many alcohol outlets were damaged leading to a decrease in alcohol outlet density, on crime.
Latent growth mixture modeling was used to identify discrete patterns of physical aggression from Grades 7 to 11 among a sample of 1,877 youth.
Proposes a structure to address intersecting gender-and age-specific harms for girl soldiers, who experience a cumulative vulnerability that is not merely additive and not addressed by human rights frameworks restricted to either women or children.
Cross-lagged relationships between posttraumatic distress symptoms and physical functioning are reciprocally related following traumatic injury. Interventions targeting physical recovery may influence subsequent mental health, and vice versa.
Examines attitudes about help seeking and help giving related to dating violence among Latino ninth graders.
The authors examine attitudes about help seeking and help giving related to dating violence among Latino ninth graders, including survey and focus group data.
Students are unable to benefit from many school programs designed to address their mental health needs if their parents do not consent to their participation.
This study examined mental health needs, receptivity to psychosocial aftercare, and barriers to care among survivors of violence-related facial injuries.
Dating violence is a serious problem among adolescents and young adults.
Evaluates the impact of Break the Cycle, a private, nonprofit organization that works with youth aged 12-22 to end domestic violence, on Latino youth in Los Angeles.
Under what circumstances are spouses more or less likely to engage in aggressive behaviors?
This paper presents the results of a study of a similar gun-crime-reduction effort in Indianapolis.
This study investigated associations of substance use, relationship abuse and HIV self-protective behavior with unprotected sex among 290 impoverished women with a non-cohabitating primary partner.
Past research has examined the relative impact of family and peers on adolescent behavior, but very little research has examined it in relation to youth dating violence.
Ending Violence curriculum has impact on teen norms, knowledge, and help-seeking proclivities that may aid in early intervention for dating violence.
When an inner city Latino immigrant faith community in Los Angeles identified mental health care as an area of need, a community-research partnership was formed that resulted in the adaptation of an intervention for children who have trauma-related symptoms from violence exposure. This participatory research partnership includes St. Thomas the Apostle School and Church community; QueensCare Health and Faith Partnership, an organization that provides health services and outreach to faith communities; and mental health researchers from UCLA.