Children who suffer from poor physical or mental health face numerous challenges as they develop, and these difficulties often worsen over time. RAND researchers study a wide variety of child health issues, including access to and quality of medical care, exposure to violence and trauma, childhood obesity, substance use, and more.
Both chronic and current bullying are associated with substantially worse health. Clinicians who recognize bullying when it first starts could intervene to reverse the downward health trajectory experienced by youth who are repeated targets.
Compared to their peers, children with autism spectrum disorders have higher annual costs for health care appointments and prescriptions ($3,000 on average) and non-health care costs ($17,000 on average), such as special education at school. Previous analyses underestimated this economic burden, particularly for school systems.
Significant variation in asthma rehospitalization rates exists across children's hospitals from 7 to 365 days after an index admission.
Obama called for “a year of action” to achieve his 2014 agenda — from helping people sign up for health insurance, to immigration reform, to completing the mission in Afghanistan. RAND is committed to raising the level of public policy debates and offering evidence-based, actionable solutions.
One groundbreaking provision of the Affordable Care Act is its funding for home visiting programs that match the parents of young children with trained specialists who provide information, social support, parental skill instruction, and more.
Focusing on smaller, more focused approaches can identify less controversial opportunities for modest health care savings.
Mothers' work hours are likely to affect their time allocation towards activities related to children's diet, activity and well-being.
Home visiting has achieved prominence on the national policy agenda because of the long-lasting positive outcomes. But how can stakeholders best plan, implement, and evaluate home visiting programs?
The rise in online marketing of alcohol, combined with the high use of social media websites by young people, suggests that web marketing is an area requiring further monitoring and regulation.
ACA reforms can potentially address barriers that get in the way of individuals with asthma getting the care they need. At the population level, the law has the potential to improve outcomes and efficiency and equity of services for chronic conditions such as asthma for which cost-effective preventive treatments exist.
With more than 150 million Americans overweight or obese and an estimated 1.5 billion affected globally, obesity is the world's most pressing public health crisis. In A Big Fat Crisis, RAND's Deborah Cohen unpacks the hidden causes of the obesity epidemic and outlines concrete strategies for defeating it once and for all.
Dr. Mark Schuster has been elected to the Institute of Medicine. He is an adjunct researcher at RAND and the William Berenberg Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and Chief of General Pediatrics and Vice Chair for Health Policy in the Department of Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital.
The PROMIS pediatric peer relationships scale demonstrates good psychometric characteristics and addresses an important aspect of child health.
As the school year begins for children in Pittsburgh and throughout the nation, it's a good time for the rest of us to reflect on how to best support their success in school and in life. Our panelists will explore several aspects of students' experiences, inside and outside of the classroom.
Home visiting programs can help parents address the struggles of caring for young children by matching them with trained professionals who can support the development of quality parenting skills.
American youth enjoy increasing access to television, movies, music, games, websites, and advertising—often on pocket-size devices. Given the prominent and growing role that media plays in the lives of U.S. children and adolescents, what effects do these conditions have on their health and well-being?
Since women are almost twice as likely as men to experience depression and most women age 15 to 50 have children, maternal depression is an important issue. This report informs policymakers and practitioners of evidence connecting maternal depression and negative outcomes for both mother and child.
Parental reporting of height and weight was evaluated for US children aged 2-13 years.
We examine predictors of retention (demographics, violence exposure, child mental health, caregiver demographics, and engagement in intervention) in a large multisite national study of interventions for children exposed to violence.
The BORN Study examines efforts to improve maternal and infant health in Nigeria, where more than 250,000 infants die each year. BORN findings could have wide-ranging impact on health in the region.