Child Welfare

  • High school students studying at desks in a classroom

    Journal Article

    Successful Schools and Risky Behaviors Among Low-Income Adolescents

    Increasing performance of public schools in low-income communities may be a powerful mechanism to decrease very risky health behaviors among low-income adolescents and to decrease health disparities across the life span.

    Jul 30, 2014

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    Report

    Social Protection During the Economic Crisis: How Do Changes to Benefits Systems Affect Children?

    The economic crisis and its widespread effects have increased poverty and social exclusion risks, notably through cuts in public spending leading to underinvestment in child-focused policies. However, EU authorities increasingly realise that the austerity measures affecting the expenditure on early intervention and preventive policies may result in greater public spending in the future.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • family of four hiking in the mountains

    Blog

    Every Parent Can Be a Better Parent

    The 20th anniversary of the International Day of Families on 15th May 2014 provides an appropriate occasion to celebrate the important role parents play in children's lives and the parenting skills that help children achieve their full potential.

    May 15, 2014

  • Journal Article

    School Intervention Related to School and Community Violence

    This article describes how schools can circumvent several key barriers to mental health service provision, outcomes that school interventions target, and the role of the family in school-based services.

    Mar 28, 2014

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    Content

    Research on Children and Families Conducted by RAND Labor and Population

    RAND Labor and Population conducts several projects, provides survey and other data, and produces many publications on the topic of children and families.

    Jan 22, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Early Puberty, Negative Peer Influence, and Problem Behaviors in Adolescent Girls

    Early puberty and friends' deviance may increase the risk of problem behavior in young adolescent girls. Although many of these associations dissipate over time, early-maturing girls are at risk of persistently higher delinquency and stronger negative peer influences.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • Woman waves an Irish flag in Southampton, England

    News Release

    Poor Health of Irish Immigrants in England May Be Linked to Childhood Abuse

    Explanations about the struggles among Irish immigrants that rely exclusively on troubled assimilation may be missing a significant part of the story. A large fraction of them suffered from well-documented physical and sexual abuse among Irish children born between 1920 and 1960.

    Dec 17, 2013

  • sad mother

    Report

    Maternal Depression: Implications for Systems Serving Mothers and Children

    Since women are almost twice as likely as men to experience depression and most women age 15 to 50 have children, maternal depression is an important issue. This report informs policymakers and practitioners of evidence connecting maternal depression and negative outcomes for both mother and child.

    Aug 12, 2013

  • father feeding his baby

    Blog

    Father's Day: The Important Role Fathers Play in Children's Upbringing

    Research shows that engaged fathers have a positive influence on their children. Educational success, better social development, and higher self-esteem are some of the documented effects on children who have dads involved in their everyday life.

    Jun 14, 2013

  • hands holding paper cutout of family

    Report

    Current Developments in Parenting Support in European Member States

    As part of the European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC), the European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion asked RAND Europe to review parenting support initiatives in Europe. The scope, organisation, delivery and funding of parenting support services varies considerably across and within Member States. Nevertheless, a common set of characteristic features of parenting support can be identified in the European context.

    Jun 14, 2013

  • preschool boy and girl being creative

    Blog

    Investing in Children

    The historic objective of Children's Day — celebrated in many European countries on the first day of June — was not simply to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring attention to children around the world who suffer from exploitation, violence, and discrimination.

    May 31, 2013

  • President Obama's State of the Union Address 2013

    Blog

    The State of the Union 2013

    The 2013 SOTU address will be remembered for its impassioned call for greater gun control just two months after Sandy Hook. But President Obama's second-term agenda can be characterized by its sheer breadth, reflecting the broad range of policy challenges facing the U.S. today.

    Feb 13, 2013

  • sad girl

    Content

    Children's Exposure to Violence: Frequency May Not Be the Best Predictor of Negative Symptoms

    Whether at home, at school, or in the community, exposure to violence raises concerns about not just the potential for physical harm, but also the longer-term developmental and mental health risks for children.

    Feb 4, 2013

  • Journal Article

    Assessing Programs Designed to Improve Outcomes for Children Exposed to Violence: Results from Nine Randomized Controlled Trials

    The study tests whether participation in interventions offered by a subset of sites from the National Safe Start Promising Approaches for Children Exposed to Violence initiative improved outcomes for children relative to controls.

    Feb 1, 2013

  • A person holding a pistol in blue light

    Blog

    Firearms and Gun Control: Many Questions, Some Answers

    President Obama's task force on gun violence has raised the stakes in the policy debate on gun control and policy in the wake of the recent shootings in Colorado and Connecticut. Some of RAND's top researchers share what is, and what isn't, known about firearms and gun control.

    Jan 17, 2013

  • backpack school bus

    Content

    Healing After the Sandy Hook Tragedy

    Nothing can reverse the disaster at Sandy Hook Elementary School and return the victims to their families. But research can guide the community toward recovery—and may help prevent future tragedies.

    Jan 3, 2013

  • Gun violence protesters march on NRA lobbying offices

    Blog

    Responding to Newtown

    Art Kellermann reviews what is known from broad outlines of the Newtown attack and past research on gun violence to offer some preliminary thoughts to the Obama Administration's task force and the public.

    Dec 26, 2012

  • Assault rifle

    Blog

    Silencing the Science on Gun Research

    The United States has long relied on public health science to improve the safety, health, and lives of its citizens. Perhaps the same straightforward, problem-solving approach that worked well in other circumstances can help the nation meet the challenge of firearm violence, writes Arthur Kellermann.

    Dec 21, 2012

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    Project

    CBITS Offers Online Training and Support to Improve Mental Health of Children and Families

    The Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) program is a school-based, group, and individual intervention. CBITS is designed to reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and behavioral problems, and to improve grades and attendance, peer and parent support, and coping skills.

    Sep 11, 2012

  • Fotolia_27807891_pregnant_woman

    Journal Article

    How Long After a Miscarriage Should Women Wait Before Becoming Pregnant Again?

    Research in Matlab, Bangladesh, reveals that the shorter the interpregnancy interval (IPI) following a miscarriage, the more likely the subsequent pregnancy is to result in a live birth. However, very short IPIs are associated with a higher risk of mortality for the infants born after them.

    Aug 20, 2012