RAND research on children covers the prenatal period up to age 18 and includes areas such as child health and the role of the family unit, neighborhoods, and community influence on child well-being. RAND's family-focused research covers additional topics such as marriage and divorce, senior care, and family finances.
Half of adolescents' junk food consumption happens outside the home—and often among peers. Social network analysis shows that when it comes to eating junk food, adolescents follow their friends' lead.
Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.
The PROMIS pediatric peer relationships scale demonstrates good psychometric characteristics and addresses an important aspect of child health.
Friends are thought to influence adolescent drug use.
The current study used a sample of 193 at-risk youths with a first-time alcohol and/or other drug offense in the California Teen Court system to explore the moderating role of perceived peer alcohol norms on the association between mental health symptoms and drinking outcomes.
A toolkit developed to measure the impacts and outcomes of local regulations designed to restrict sales of products harmful to children will help those who regulate alcohol, tobacco, knives, fireworks, sun beds and gambling to measure the progress of their work.
Parental reporting of height and weight was evaluated for US children aged 2–13 years.
We examine predictors of retention (demographics, violence exposure, child mental health, caregiver demographics, and engagement in intervention) in a large multisite national study of interventions for children exposed to violence.
Media exposure related to alcohol or other drugs may affect adolescents' alcohol use. However, media literacy education may help.
Infant mortality (IM) and birth outcomes, key population health indicators, have lifelong implications for individuals, and are unequally distributed globally.
An examination of the contribution of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination to disparities in problem behaviors found that eliminating discrimination could considerably reduce mental health issues, including problem behaviors, among Black and Latino youths.
The Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile (DP) in youth has been shown to be a predictor of psychopathology later in life. The authors examined the activity of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis in youth.
A large number of youth enrolled in Medicaid with depressive symptoms do not receive adequate acute treatment. Due to workforce constraints in the child mental health sector, quality improvement and system redesign efforts are likely required to address this issue.
This RAND Europe report looks at providing timely, reliable and high-quality evidence to inform decision-making to improve women's and children's health.
We examined the relationship between parent-perceived neighborhood safety and children's physical activity, sedentary behavior, body mass, and obesity status on a cohort of US kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.
Combination antiretroviral therapy for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) has extended life expectancy, and enabled PLHA to live productive lives that can include having children.
Data confirm that boys engage in more direct aggression than girls. Direct aggression is also related to externalizing problems, poor peer relations, and low prosocial behavior.
The monetary cost of dementia in the United States ranges from $157 billion to $215 billion annually, making the disease more costly to the nation than either heart disease or cancer. The greatest cost is associated with providing institutional and home-based long-term care rather than medical services.
Merchants who engage in state-approved “responsible beverage service” training are more likely to believe they'll be cited for selling alcohol to minors. Therefore, targeting merchant attitudes could be a successful way to encourage them to check IDs.
This article evaluates the impact of 2 types of state-level policies on the availability of competitive foods in a national sample of schools.