RAND research on children covers the prenatal period up to age 18 and includes areas such as child health and the role of the family unit, neighborhoods, and communities in influencing child well-being. RAND's family-focused research covers additional topics such as marriage and divorce, senior care, and family finances.
Sexual health problems affect adolescents disproportionately more than adults, and efforts to improve their sexual health and decision making have not been fully successful. However, research integrating insights from neuroscience and other areas could increase our understanding of sexual risk behaviors among youth.
Secure parent-child relationships can affect children's self-regulation, including the ability to “self-soothe” at bedtime. Sleep, in turn, may serve as a pathway linking attachment security with future emotional and behavioral problems in children.
The way adolescents react to stress has been shown to be a significant factor in our understanding of sex differences in depression. Adolescent girls experienced greater total stress than boys, particularly interpersonal stress, which may explain their higher rates of depression.
Several barriers may prevent children of parents with substance use disorders from obtaining mental health services, including children's ambivalence about treatment and parental disagreement and lack of involvement. However, peer support, afterschool activities, and family counseling may help.
The objective of this study was to describe our experience in reducing quality-of-care disparities among Puerto Rican children with asthma by adapting 2 existing evidence-based asthma interventions.
Providing care in groups, using non-face-to-face formats, and adding a developmental specialist can increase the effectiveness and efficiency of well-child care.
Getting along with peers and fear of being viewed negatively by them may influence the difference between how adolescents view their body size and what they think the ideal size should be. Those with warm, nurturing parents are more likely to have positive views about their body size.
The study tests whether participation in interventions offered by a subset of sites from the National Safe Start Promising Approaches for Children Exposed to Violence initiative improved outcomes for children relative to controls.
Self-triage using web-based decision support could be a useful way to encourage appropriate care-seeking behavior and reduce health system surge in epidemics.
This study was a cross-sectional analysis of the 2007 National Survey for Children's Health, a nationally representative survey of 91 642 parents.
Bullying is a serious medical and public health issue. While adults can help in a number of ways, they may also make things worse by serving as negative role models, ignoring bullying, or even bullying children themselves. Clinicians can help, but they must first be able to recognize the signs of bullying.
Programming is often based on the assumption that young women only care about risk reduction when making decisions about sexual encounters. However, their most important goals are communicating clearly and avoiding unwanted sex.
This paper explores the association between work intensity, alcohol and/or other drug (AOD) use, and related risk factors and consequences among an at-risk youth sample that has received a first-time AOD offense.
Family environments present opportunities for interventions that promote physical activity. Family members share genetic risk factors associated with chronic health conditions, and physical inactivity tends to cluster within families and households.
The use of propensity scores to control for pretreatment imbalances on observed variables in non-randomized or observational studies examining the causal effects of treatments or interventions has become widespread over the past decade.
This study examines variability in quality across classrooms within early childhood centers and its implications for how quality rating systems (QRSs) capture center-level quality.
This paper evaluates the impact of an early nutrition policy, Los Angeles Unified School District's food-and-beverage standards of 2004, using two large datasets on food intake and physical measures.
In an observational study using a difference-in-differences design, the relationship between the Chiranjeevi Yojana programme and the probability of delivery in health-care institutions, the probability of obstetric complications and mean household expenditure for deliveries was subsequently examined.
This study examined the impact of symptom severity and provider characteristics on initial depression treatment decisions in a setting with fewer structural barriers, an integrated behavioral health network.
To examine the cost and cost-effectiveness of implementing Talking Parents, Healthy Teens, a worksite-based parenting program designed to help parents address sexual health with their adolescent children.