RAND research on children covers the prenatal period up to age 18 and includes areas such as child health and the role of the family unit, neighborhoods, and communities in influencing child well-being. RAND's family-focused research covers additional topics such as marriage and divorce, senior care, and family finances.
An examination into whether structural features of friendships moderate friends' influence on adolescent marijuana use over time found reciprocation in the friendship and popularity to be important mitigating factors in the process of influence.
A look at the Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS) study, which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts a program to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
Researchers present one of the first investigations into the impact of small and moderate disasters on morbidity, physical growth, and immunizations by combining household data on over 80,000 children from rural India.
The Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools Program (CBITS) is a targeted intervention for school children who have experienced a traumatic or violent event and have symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Since military operations began in Afghanistan and Iraq, lengthy deployments have led to concerns about the vulnerability of military marriages.
This policy brief aims to present current development in parenting support in European Member States. We discuss measures that can be labelled as parenting support and offer examples of how these measures are implemented in different Member States. We also provide examples of potential good practice.
In this survey of six state mental health telephone consultation program directors, we report the annual number of children referred for consultation and the number of lawsuits against consultant clinicians.
Effective and accessible pregnancy prevention and family planning programs for homeless youth are needed.
This policy brief provides an overview of existing evidence on effective diagnosis and early intervention for children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) in Europe.
Researchers determine that retail clinics may disrupt whether patients see a primary care physician first for new conditions, as well as continuity of care. However, retail clinics do not negatively impact preventive care or diabetes management.
Research evidence has many gaps, but treatment guidelines for children with autism spectrum disorders represent a significant step forward. Future research should focus on assessment and monitoring of outcomes, the needs of pre- or non-verbal children, and the most effective treatment strategies and duration.
In its first six years, an innovative alcohol monitoring program called the South Dakota 24/7 Sobriety Project reduced county-level repeat DUI arrests by 12 percent and domestic violence arrests by 9 percent.
Evidence suggests that the existence of more types of food outlets in an area, including supermarkets, is associated with a higher body mass index among youth.
Racial/ethnic disparities in children's health status are substantial but may be mediated by corresponding disparities in SES and other family contextual variables.
Understanding factors associated with heavy drinking among homeless youth is important for prevention efforts.
This research letter examines growth in physician earnings compared with other health professionals.
Consumer assessment of health care is an important metric for evaluating quality of care.
For the past four decades, children have been the most vulnerable group in America. With this in mind, this commentary poses a series of policy questions for the 2012 presidential candidates to spur a dialogue about the vital issues of child poverty, health, development, and education.
This brief focusses on parenting support, defined as the provision of services aimed at enhancing parenting skills and practices in order to address children's physical, emotional and social needs, which has gained attention from policymakers in Europe over the last two decades.
By 8th grade, Hispanic and black children are 50 percent more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic white children. Obesity is equally prevalent among Hispanic and black children, but it emerges and is sustained earlier in Hispanics. This should have implications for diagnosis and prevention strategies going forward.