Childhood is generally defined as the period of life between birth and adulthood, but children can also be characterized by their stage of development, including prenatal, infant, toddler, school-age, pre-pubescent, and teen or adolescent. RAND research on children covers the prenatal period to age 18 and spans multiple research areas, including health, education, criminal justice, and safety.
Large states cut spending on prison education programs by an average of 10 percent between the 2009 and 2012 fiscal years, while medium-sized states cut spending by 20 percent. While the drop appears to have resulted from budget cuts prompted by the economic downturn, evidence suggests that the curtailment of prison education could increase prison system costs in the longer term.
Spotlight on 2013 is RAND Europe's annual review. This year's focus is trust, and we feature RAND Europe projects that support policymakers to gain trust at three levels: from strategic challenges, through robust methods, to effective delivery.
These e-learning modules show how to strengthen planning, implementation, and evaluation efforts for youth-serving programs and community-based coalitions or initiatives.
With more than 150 million Americans overweight or obese and an estimated 1.5 billion affected globally, obesity is the world's most pressing public health crisis. In A Big Fat Crisis, RAND's Deborah Cohen unpacks the hidden causes of the obesity epidemic and outlines concrete strategies for defeating it once and for all.
Factors related to the decision between educational investment and child labor include living in poverty, the opportunity cost of education (the child's wage), and the return to education.
Home visiting programs can help parents address the struggles of caring for young children by matching them with trained professionals who can support the development of quality parenting skills.
Rates of vaccination for seasonal influenza remain sub-optimal among several populations, but groups respond differently to reminders, including healthcare professionals, adults who have close contact with children, and young and middle-aged adults.
This note provides an overview of the reasons for greater demand for evidence-based child policy in Europe, and things to take into account in using evidence-based information in this area.
This document introduces the European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC) and the way in which practices are submitted and evaluated for inclusion on the platform.
This annual report for the California Board of State and Community Corrections measures the success of Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act programs and initiatives for six state-mandated outcome measures and county-mandated supplemental measures.
Since women are almost twice as likely as men to experience depression and most women age 15 to 50 have children, maternal depression is an important issue. This report informs policymakers and practitioners of evidence connecting maternal depression and negative outcomes for both mother and child.
In Europe, a political consensus has emerged on the importance of inclusive education, reflected by a general trend towards placement of children with SEN in mainstream education, and away from special schooling.
Research Bill Shadel presented the example of tobacco advertising at a RAND Drug Policy Research Center program about how to develop public health regulations for legal marijuana.
This policy brief provides a summary of parenting support initiatives in Europe. It provides overview of legislation and national strategies, focusing on the scope, organisation, delivery and founding of parenting support services.
Oral health is important to children’s overall health and well-being. However, access to care can be a challenge for parents seeking oral health services for children who are Medicaid beneficiaries. Also, providers have noted a general unawareness among parents about the importance of preventive oral health care.
Simultaneous developmental delays among young children and depression among parents can create serious challenges for many families. However, results from the Helping Families Raise Healthy Children initiative suggest that aligning early intervention and behavioral health systems can help.
Student mental health programs can improve staff, faculty, and student knowledge of mental health problems, provide skills for identifying and referring students in need, and change attitudes toward mental health problems.
Many families experience the challenges of caregiver depression and early childhood developmental delays. Although services and supports across systems could help caregivers to deal with such issues at the family level, numerous obstacles prevent adequate screening and identification, referral, and service delivery.
The Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act funds programs that curb crime among juvenile probationers and young at-risk offenders. This report summarizes, for fiscal year 2010-2011, state- and county-determined outcome measures from each program.
In the area of K–12 education, RAND Education partners with policymakers, school systems, practitioners, and other stakeholders to help improve education outcomes and systems and to increase access and equity.