Computer and Information Science and Technology

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RAND was at the forefront of early computer science and information technology innovations, building computers in the 1950s to improve our researchers' analysis and modeling capabilities and developing data communications technologies that were the forerunner of the Internet. Today, RAND researchers recommend policies and best practices to support continued technological innovation and adoption around the world.

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    Blog

    The Hackers' Bazaar

    Apr 11, 2014

    Today's cyber black markets have evolved into playgrounds of financially driven, highly organized and sophisticated groups, often connected with traditional crime organizations.

Explore Computer and Information Science and Technology

  • Utah Highway Patrol police car and trooper

    Blog

    License Plate Readers and Right to Privacy

    License plate reader technology can be a force multiplier for law enforcement. Its ability to identify license plates of interest to police in real-time makes it an effective tool but there is also potential for abuse. Law enforcement authorities should address credible privacy concerns.

    Jul 15, 2014

  • Barcelona aerial port view

    Blog

    How Smart Are Our European Cities?

    The urban population is expected to double by 2050, when seven out of every 10 people will live in cities. Poverty, inequality, unemployment, and energy management challenges are also expected to increase. One potential solution is the concept of the “smart city,” where initiatives are designed to fuse current infrastructures with digital technology.

    Jul 9, 2014

  • News Release

    License Plate Readers Are an Important Police Tool, but Hurdles Remain to Reach Full Potential

    Systems that automatically read automobile license plates have the potential to save police investigative time and increase safety, but law enforcement officials must address issues related to staffing, compatibility, and privacy before the technology can reach its full potential.

    Jul 2, 2014

  • Police car equipped with mobile ANPR produced by ELSAG North America (Mobile Plate Hunter 900)

    Report

    License Plate Readers Are an Important Police Tool, but Hurdles Remain

    Systems that automatically read automobile license plates have the potential to save police investigative time and increase safety, but law enforcement officials must address issues related to staffing, compatibility, and privacy before the technology can reach its full potential.

    Jul 1, 2014

  • car interior with a dashboard computer

    Blog

    Sounding the Car Alarm on Hackers

    Security protections on vehicles have not kept pace with systems that control safety features, navigation capabilities, and wireless communication functions. Onboard computer networks will likely become much more attractive to hackers.

    Jun 30, 2014

  • Line handlers await the arrival of the Virginia class attack submarine USS Hartford

    Blog

    How Do We Deal with a Flood of Data?

    Despite the battle-tested value of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) systems, the amount of data they generate has become overwhelming to Navy analysts. If the Navy does not change the way it processes information, it will reach an ISR “tipping point”—as soon as 2016.

    Jun 23, 2014

  • Report

    How Do We Know What Information Sharing Is Really Worth? Exploring Methodologies to Measure the Value of Information Sharing and Fusion Efforts

    This report discusses the challenges of evaluating information-sharing efforts that seek to achieve multiple goals simultaneously; reviews past evaluations of information-sharing programs; and lays out a path to improving the evaluation of such efforts.

    Jun 18, 2014

  • News Release

    Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals Poses Risk to National Security

    The nationwide shortage of cybersecurity professionals -- particularly for positions within the federal government -- creates risks for national and homeland security.

    Jun 17, 2014

  • two men working in a bright office

    Report

    Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals Poses Risk to National Security

    Demand for trained cybersecurity professionals who work to protect organizations from cybercrime is high nationwide, but the shortage is particularly severe in the federal government, which does not offer salaries as high as the private sector.

    Jun 17, 2014

  • Cancer cells in petri dishes

    Project

    Estimating the Economic Returns on Cancer Research in the UK

    The UK government invests approximately £1.6 billion in medical research each year, and the British public donated £1.7 billion to medical research charities in 2012–13. This funding delivers health gains for patients and also benefits the UK economy at a 40 percent return annually.

    Jun 16, 2014

  • satellite image courtesy of NOAA

    Report

    A Safe Way to Implement a Database of Satellite Anomalies

    Satellite anomalies are malfunctions caused by solar particles, cosmic rays, or even space debris. A shared database could help identify solutions to prolong the lifetime of spacecraft that experience problems, and could be implemented in a way that would protect the privacy of the satellite operators.

    Jun 2, 2014

  • Report

    Designing a System for Collecting Policy-Relevant Data for the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Arabic-language version

    Surveys the availability of reliable policy-relevant data in the Kurdistan Region -- Iraq, identifies the high-priority areas for which more data are required, and develops guidance for a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis.

    May 23, 2014

  • A woman walks past European Parliament election campaign posters in Vilnius

    Blog

    How 'Wired' Are the 2014 European Elections?

    The 2014 elections will prove a critical test of whether the modernisation of the EU's media strategies and increasing number of members of the European Parliament active on social networking sites will have an impact on citizens' political participation at the European level.

    May 21, 2014

  • Protests in Malaga, Spain against the government's spending cuts and failure to revive the moribund economy

    Blog

    The European Democracy Paradox

    While social media and other tools have enhanced opportunities to participate in the political process, these new drivers do not seem to translate easily into offline political participation.

    May 21, 2014

  • News Release

    'Cloud' System Could Help Navy Analysts Consume Expanding Ocean of Data

    The Navy has a growing demand for intelligence to help Navy vessels avoid collisions, pinpoint targets, and perform other vital tasks. But the amount of data it may collect in the future is more than it can process today. Cloud strategies offer promising options.

    May 5, 2014

  • The search for missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 resumed even as senior Australian officials warned that bad weather and a lack of reliable information were seriously impeding efforts.

    Blog

    Why 'Big Data' Can't Find the Missing Malaysian Plane

    The failure to find the missing aircraft demonstrates anew the serious gaps in data coordination and challenges public assumptions about the thoroughness and simplicity of searching the world's data for answers.

    May 1, 2014

  • intelligence specialist monitors automatic identification systems aboard the aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush

    Report

    'Cloud' System Could Help Navy Analysts Consume Expanding Ocean of Data

    The Navy has a growing demand for intelligence to help Navy vessels avoid collisions, pinpoint targets, and perform other vital tasks. But the amount of data it may collect in the future is more than it can process today. “Cloud” strategies offer promising options.

    May 1, 2014

  • Optical fibres around globe, circuit board background, global digital technology concept

    Project

    Assessing the Real-World Data Policy Landscape for Health and Healthcare in Europe

    RAND Europe, supported by IBM, worked through a multi-method approach to assess different pathways for collecting and utilising real world data (RWD) in the health and healthcare sector. Based on a literature review, case studies, a small set of interviews of experts from public and private organisations, and a scenario-based workshop, researchers have outlined possible strategies to illustrate how the development of standards could facilitate RWD-based research.

    Apr 24, 2014

  • Optical fibres around globe, circuit board background, global digital technology concept

    Report

    Health and Healthcare: Assessing the Real World Data Policy Landscape in Europe

    To maximise Real-World Data potential and improve health outcomes and service delivery, stakeholders need to develop standards for data use and access. RAND Europe assessed the RWD landscape in Europe and explored options going forwards.

    Apr 24, 2014

  • Report

    Designing a System for Collecting Policy-Relevant Data for the Kurdistan Region — Iraq

    Surveys the availability of reliable policy-relevant data in the Kurdistan Region -- Iraq, identifies the high-priority areas for which more data are required, and develops guidance for a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis.

    Apr 18, 2014